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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 04, 1962, Image 4

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THE SUNDAY STAR
Waikingtan, D. C., Fabmaiy 4,1962
25,000 Police Guard
Paris Against Rioting
By RICHARD K. O’MALLEY
Associated Press Staff Writer
PARIS. Feb. 3.—Tanks were poised outside Paris tonight
and more than 25,000 anti-riot police stood ready in the
city to repel the uprising which a great many Frenchmen think
will be attempted by the right-wing secret army to break up
prospective independence for Algeria.
In Algiers and Oran, where the terrorist European under-
ground has gunned down op
ponents in the palm-lined
'streets in an effort to keep Al
geria French, troops and po
lice also stood edgily alert.
French and Algerian Na
tionalist negotiators are wide
ly reported, though without of
ficial confirmation, to have
'reached at least a basic agree
,jnent on the eventual inde
pendence of Algeria after sev
en years of bloodshed.
Some felt the ruling rebel
bodies might approve or reject
the settlement by February 6
or 7, before the beginning of
Ramadan, the month when
Moslems fast each day from
sunrise to sunset.
Fears of a Putsch
Fears of a putsch by the
secret army In Algeria, with a
companion uprising in France,
are the subject! of daily con
versations among Frenchmen.
The announcement of an
agreement might trigger such
a final and desperate effort.
Whether President Charles
de Gaulle, supremely confident
of his own judgment and
ability to lead the nation, will;
make some announcement in
his widely heralded radio and
television address Monday
night is still problematical.
For the secret army, time
seemed to be running out if it
hopes to stage a coup. To
achieve a measure of success,
a concerted uprising in Algeria
and France, especially in Paris,
would be necessary. The pre
cautions taken in Paris seemed
to doom any such attempt.
But in Algeria the situation
is different. There the secret
army, led by Raoul Salan, a
fugitive ex-general under sen
tence of death, has broad sym- I
pathy among masses of the
European population.
State of Anarchy
With the evident connivance
of the people it has been able
to create a virtual state of
anarchy in Algiers and Oran,
the two largest cities.
Would French troops fire on
rebel French citizens?
There is a general conviction
that they probably would—but
in an extremity. There are dis
gruntled officers in the ranks,
Arms Cut Study Turns
To Long-Range Systems)
President Kennedy’s new disarmament agency is turning
increased attention to the control of long-range missiles and
aircraft as a key element in arms control measures to be
presented to the Soviet Union.
This is a logical trend toward control of delivery systems I
following the failure of the three-year effort to get Soviet
agreement of a nuclear weap-.
ons test ban.
Hope of eventual agreement
on nuclear warhead control is
not being abandoned, officials
stressed, but they acknowledge
that delivery systems are get-
Ing scrutiny from disarmament
experts "in depth" for the first
time.
In his report to President!
Kennedy released last week
William C. Foster, director of I
the four-months-old Arms Con
trol and Disarmament Agency,
said he is giving priority em
phasis in the next five months
to “a study of techniques for
monitoring production of stra
tegic delivery vehicles.
The purpose, Mr. Foster re- j
ported, is "to develop tech-'
niques for monitoring declared!
production and for detecting
clandestine production of stra-l
tegic delivery vehicles within
the framework of an arms
control agreement to discon
tinue or limit such production.
Part of Wide Study
The study is a part of a
larger project to design an in
spection system not only for,
production but for deployment
of strategic delivery vehicles.
Spy-in-the-sky satellites were
not mentioned, but they are
known to be one of the trumps
American disarmament plan
ners hope to be able to use in
seeking an effective inspection
system.
Satellites equipped with in
frared censors and other equip
ment to detect launchings
practically instantaneously, and
also to “watch” the develop
ment of missile and aircraft
bases, could put an effective
tool in the hands of arms-con-
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■ would be followed by any size-
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• in France and glad to see the
war in Algeria at an end.
But to blunt a revolt in the
■ principal centers, the Fench
• army has a simple maneuver
at hand, to withdraw from
I Algiers ahd Oran, establish a
- cordon around them and set up
• a navy blockade at sea.
' For the secret army, with its
nucleus of trained, hard-core
1) solidiers, the answer to that
might be to modify its plans
and not stage an all-out putsch
after all. It might resort to
■ continued guerrilla warfare in
~ the streets.
Anarchy Could Continue
. | For if the French govern-1
ment and the Algerian rebels!
ido reach final and formal
agreement on independence j
i and the secret army maintains
) a savage anarchy in the cities, [
I the new Algerian government
1 might draw back at the idea'
i of trying to control such seeth
ing centers.
) Such ramifications suggest)
that the government of the
(Nationalists might call on its
jerstwhile enemy, the French)
army, to take on the job—in
i effect returning Algeria to its
present state of rebellion, but
with the Europeans as the reb
els instead of the Algerians.
The distressing problem o»
Frenchmen firing on French
men thus would arise again.
I Premier Michel Debre, in a
speech at Toulouse, appealed to
’Frenchmen today to avert any
I such dilemma. Europeans in
Algeria, he said, must "replace
blind revolt with wisdom and
will to participate actively and
freely in the future of Algeria."
Meanwhile, the reign of ter
roristic attacks continued in
Algiers. Gunmen, evidently
raising a kitty for the secret ■
army, raided a sutyjrban post
office and seized the equivalent i
of $32,000. Nine persons were
killed by European and Moslem
terrorists striking with gun and
knife.
.
trol advocates seeking methods
to warn against surprise attack.,
With soverignity in space still
a wide open subject, it may be
possible to install inspection i
systems that can watch Soviet [
military developments without ■
the Kremlin’s consent.
In the 16 1 2 years since World
War II the Soviet Union has
balked at all disarmament in
spection and control measures.
Besides the study on moni
'toring production of strategic
| delivery vehicles, Mr. Foster
| listed two other priority pro
jects being undertaken by the
Arms Control and Disarma
ment Agency: An inquiry into
statistical methods for thwart
ing efforts to mislead inspec
tors, and a study of “progres
sive zonal inspection.”
; The aim of the inquiry into
statistical methods is to design
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Attorney General and Mrs. Kennedy stop off in Hawaii on their month
long goodwill trip around the world.—AP Wirephoto.
Kennedy Warns on GM, I
Signs du Pont Tax Bill)
By the Associated Press
| President Kennedy signed the
) du Pont tax bill into law yes
terday, but pointedly sailed
attention to Justice Depart-
I ment efforts to keep control
jof General Motors Corp, away
from the du Pont family.
The new law would cut by
more than half the tax which
stockholders in E. I. du Pont
de Nemours and Co. would
have to pay if the company's
holdings of General Motors
stock are distributed to them,
as the firm contemplates.
The Supreme Court ruled in)
an antitrust proceeding that
du Pont must get rid of its
63 million shares in GM, worth
$3.5 billion. How this is to be
done is still pending before a
Federal District Court in Chi-'
cago.
President’s Statement
j Mr. Kennedy said in a state
ment that despite the signing
of the new law:
"The court should not be in
fluenced in its determination as
to what relief is appropriate to
carry out the decision of the
Supreme Court, and the De
partment of Justice should not
be prejudiced in any way in its
effort to enforce the antitrust 1
decision of the Supreme Court.” '
But he noted that the Justice
Department is asking that the
Christiana Securities Corp., a
major du Pont stockholder, be
required to sell any General
(Motors stock distributed to it.l
Christiana is principally owned
by members of the du Pont
family, who would get any of
the stock passed on by it.
i "If the pass-through oc
curred,” Mr. Kennedy said, "a
large percentage of General
Motors stock would be acquired
by members of the du Pont fam
ily. This, it is argued, would
mean that the du Pont family
, would still effectively control
i both du Pont and General Mo
i tors.”
He added at another point
that:
systems “which would produce
valid results even though the
population of an inspected ;
country tried to thwart the
system,” Mr. Foster informed'
the President.
The zonal inspection study
"will be designed to determine
the suitability of zone-by-zone
techniques of Inspection in im
plementing a disarmament
agreement of general territorial
application.” 1
“It should be clearly under
stood that neither the Congress
nor I have approved a divesti
ture which will permit the stock
of General Motors to pass
through Christiana to the
stockholders of Christiana.”
Congress Agrees
Du Pont has owned its Gen
eral Motors stock for more than
40 years.
The company has argued that
the fairest way to meet the
Supreme Court ruling would be
to distribute the GM shares to
its own stockholders. But it
contended it could not do so
under present tax laws because
of the heavy impact. Congress)
went along with this view.
, Without the new law, the
stockholders would have to
pay at full income tax rates on)
the market value of the GM
shares. This would result in
a total tax estimated at more
than $1 billion.
The new law cuts this to
about $470 million. It provides
:that a stockholder would pay
Ino tax on the GM shares un
less they were worth more than
he paid for his du Pont stock.
In that case, he would pay a
capital gains tax on the differ- 1
ence; these rates are half the I
normal income tax rate up to a
25 per cent ceiling.
| Kennedy Greets
Houston Paper
HOUSTON, Tex., Feb. 3
(AP).—President Kennedy said
today the Nation’s newspapers,
in these difficult days, have a
greater responsibility than
usual.
A 298-page Sunday edition of
the Houston Chronicle included
a letter in which President Ken
nedy congratulated the news
paper on its 60th anniversary.
Also published were letters
of congratulations from Vice
President Johnson and former
Presidents Dwight D. Eisen
hower, Harry S. Truman and
Herbert Hoover.
: President Kennedy’s letter
said:
i "In these difficult days the
newspapers of our country have
a greater responsibility than i
usual. It is to keep the public
thoroughly informed on the is- |
sues of our time and to present
them with an alternative of
views on which they can base
1 a judgment.”
KENNEDY
Continued From Page A-l.
one side of the lagoon when
the little boat went over.
A change in Mr. Kennedy’s
world tour itinerary was an
nounced by the State Depart
ment today, emphasizing the
United States’ growing con
cern with Asia. A planned
stop in Iran February 19 was
scratched and a one-day visit
to Thailand was added in its
place.
i The Attorney General will
spend three weeks of his
month-long trip in Far Eastern
and Southeast Asian countries.
The final week will be devoted
to Europe.
Mr. Kennedy also will make,
brief speeches at refueling
stops along the way. At the
request of the State Depart
ment, he will speak at Taipeh,
Formosa, Saigon, South Viet
Nam. and Calcutta, India.
Niagara Ice Jam
Perils Island Town
NIAGARA FALLS. N. Y„ Feb.
3 <AP).—A shore-to-shore ice
jam has formed in the Niagara
River’s east branch, reportedly
for the first time, and poses a
threat of serious property dam
age to Grand Island and the
; city of Niagara Falls. ,
The river was frozen over in
a one-mile section around the
) North Grand Island Bridge,
about 3 miles above Niagara
Falls.
Officials in the town of
Wheatfield have wired for state
and Federal aid, fearing that
“hundreds of homes, lives and
property are in dire jeopardy.”
Alumni Set Dinner
The Washington Chapter of
the Lincoln University Alumni
Association will holrf a Found
er’s Day Dinner at 8 p.m. Fri
day in the Fellowship Hall of
Sargent Memorial Presbyterian
Church. Fifty-first and Grant
streets N.E.
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Gizenga Flown to Exile
In Town by the Sea
LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo.
Feb. 3 (AP).—Antoine Gizenga
was transferred under guard to
an exile by the sea early to
day, reliable Congolese sources
report.
Congolese troops and police
patrolled the African quarter
during the night to ward off
threatened demonstrations by
the pro-Communist leader’s
dwindling body of supporters. A
battalion of troops and several
squad cars had been brought to
the capital from the garrison
town of Thysville in case of
trouble.
In the hot afternoon sun to
day, neither a Gizengist dem
onstration nor a planned
march of Leopoldville’s unem
ployed workers came off.
Mr. Gizenga was flown to the
seaside town of Moanda at
dawn. Some government offi
cials said he was under arrest,
others insisted it was merely
protective custody—all agreed
he would be somewhat less
than a carefree tourist in the
sleepy resort town.
The transfer presumably was
a precautionary measure to re
move him from the scene of
any opposition that might de
velop to the central govern
ment the Lumumbist had tried
to defy.
Reds Hit West Delays
On Berlin Controversy
! MOSCdw, Feb, 3 (AP).
) The government newspaper Iz
i vestia accused the United
; States tonight of dragging its
1 feet on a Berlin settlement.
.( “The West will gain nothing
) and will lose quite a lot if it
attempts to talk its way out by
1 using only a flat ’no’ in answer
• to Soviet proposals for normal
ization of the situation in West
Berlin,” Izvestia said.
J Then, referring directly to
; talks which United States Am
bassador Llewellyn Thompson
has been having with Foreign
Andrei Gromyko, the
newspaper said:
! “It is necessary once again
to remind that the Soviet Union
lis not conducting a dialogue
with the United States in order
to help it to lord it over the
German Democratic Republic
) (East Germany) on its own ter-,
' ritory.
Time Rated as Poison
“Time is not a doctor but
a poison for the dangerous
, postwar ailments of West Ber
lin.
"Perhaps in Washington they
; are not overworried by that,
inasmuch as what they are con
' cerned with is not the destiny
of the city but the perpetua
, tion of its occupation. If so,
much the worse for the United
! States.”
The Izvestia article reiterated
1 that the Soviet Union wants
West Berlin turned into a de
militarized free city.
The article also reiterated
long-standing Soviet claims,
that a free city of West Berlin
’ would be a completely inde
i pendent state and could have
normal relations with any other
■ state.
■ Mr. Gromyko is said to have
advanced a three-Germany idea
: —a West German government,
'an East German government
*
The government already has
appointed a jury of three for
eign doctors to watch over the
former Deputy Premier’s shaky
health—including an American.
Dr. William Close, a member of
the Moral Rearmament team in
Leopoldville.
A march of unemployed had
been called yesterday, to dram
atize Leopoldville’s sorry eco
nomic plight just before)
Premier Cyrille Adoula’s speech
to the United Nations Assembly ,
in New York. The economic;
hardship undeniably exists, but
the demonstration has yet to
materialize.
U. N. sources, meanwhile, said
President Moise Tshombe of
Katanga has submitted a list
of mercenaries allegedly serving
in Katanga, as he promised to
do. But the list, the informants
said, has proved to be totally
out of date and inaccurate, in
cluding names of individuals
known to have returned to Eu
rope or been killed in the U. N.
Katanga campaigns. U. N. head
quarters called this to the Ka
tanga President’sattention and
requested a more accurate list
in fulfillment of Mr. Tshombe's
promise to rid his regime of all
mercenaries.
and a West Berlin government,
all three with membership in
the United Nations. The United
States has rejected this.
Red China Executes
Two Men as Spies
HONG KONG. Feb. 3 (AP) .
Red China executed two men
yesterday on charges of serv
ing as espionage and sabotage
agents for the Chinese Nation
alists, Communist newspapers
here reported today.
The reports said a Canton
court convicted Wu Ching of
trying to "blow up railroads,
sabotage communication lines
and massacre the Chinese
people” and Ling Chen-hua
of collecting military infor
mation.
I
Handicapped Meeting
Leonard M. Hill, deputy di
rector of the District Depart
ment of Vocational Rehabilita
tion, will discuss the operations
of that agency at a meeting of
the National Capital Chapter
of the National Association of
the Physically Handicapped at
8 p.m. Wednesday in the Mount
Vernon Place Methodist Church,
900 Massachusetts avenue N.W.
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