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on Page B-z District and vicinity—Mostly sunny and warmer today, high near 57. Clear and cool tonight, with a low of 34. Winds 15 to 25 m.p.h. today with excellent visibility. Fair and warmer tomorrow. 110th Year. No. 77. Use of Civilian Police Corps In D.C. Asked Jump in Street Crimes Arouses Commissioners By BETTY MILES Star Staff Writer The District Commissioners ■ have asked the House District . Committee to introduce a bill to permit the mobilization of the police reserve corps to fight . the wave of street crimes here. : With this step, the city heads hope to speed up action in Congress, where a compan ion bill already is being con sidered by the Senate District Committee. The volunteer citizen reserve corps today is authorized for use only when the country is at war, or during emergencies and similar occurrences. The bill would give the Com missioners authority to broad en the corps’ powers so mem bers could be assigned to regular police work. They would work side by side with regular officers. Suggested by Duncan It was understood the sug gestion to bring the reserve corps into play as soon as pos sible was made by Commis sioner John B. Duncan in a closed board meeting Thursday. Under the proposed legisla tion, corps members could be given the power to arrest while on duty with regular officers, and to carry weapons. They also would be uniformed. Although they would still serve without pay, the new pro posal would provide compen sation for any men disabled while on duty. A series of street assaults in recent weeks, many per petrated by young thugs, prompted the action. .Crimes Alarm Duncan Asked to comment last night, Commissioner Duncan said he had been concerned about youth crime for many weeks, but the attack on a bus driver last week was the thing that "broke the camel’s back.” He stressed that youth crime exists in the suburbs as well as in the city, and demands the “full and im mediate attention” of every citizen. Mr. Duncan cited too little discipline of youth in recent years as a factor in crime. “As a society we’re going to have to treat youth more firmly than we have in recent years,” he added. But he stressed that the com munity also must attack “the basic causes of social ills, in cluding crime.” He cited lack of job opportunity as an im portant cause. Deputy Police Chief Loraine Johnson, administrative officer for the police reserve corps, re ports that about 2,000 members, including women, are in its ranks today. About 500 are active. Among precincts with active units are the 14th, 11th and 9th. 14th Precinct Active The members in the unit at the 14th precinct, in Northeast Washington, are especially ac tive. They have bought their own uniforms, similar to those worn by the force, and attend classes, Chief Johnson said. They also have some competi tive pistol practice sessions with units from other precincts. Reserve corps members have done yeoman service all over the city on Hallowe’en in re cent years, when they have manned fire alarm boxes to prevent false alarms. Chief Johnson noted that an important facet of the pro posed bill is the provvision of compensation in case of in jury. It is impractical to use the men on actual police duty with out this provision. No firm plans have been drawn up should Congress ap prove the proposed bills, but the police department has a broad outline of the way the reserve members would work. Drama Critic Jay Carmody is in New York City for a series of reviews of Broad way hits and interviews with theater personalities. ?■ 1 HjUPw i ! < Don't miss Jay Carmody's special Broadway reports starting Wednesday in The Star. ®lje Sunday Slat t/ WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION Phone LI. 3-5000 **** S Storm-Smashed Coast Tackles Rebuilding Job Beach Towns Hope to Restore Facilities in Time for Season By G. O. HERNDON Star Staff Writer The Washington area’s favorite summer playgrounds on the Atlantic coast are still wastelands—lo days after the destructive ocean storm that smashed seashore properties from Long Island to North Carolina. But there was new hope this week that the splintered boardwalks and gouged-out beaches could be rebuilt and restored before the summer sea son, as Federal and State of ficials mobilized for a massive reconstruction effort. At Rehoboth Beach and Bethany Beach, both in Dela ware, and at Ocean City, Md„ the rebuilding job is under way. Ten days after the March 7 climax of the storm restoration work was proceeding this way: Rehoboth Beach “At the moment, things are kind of bogged down,” said Mayor Juel C. Stamper. Rehoboth’s 5,500-foot board walk had been virtually demol ished by 35-foot waves. On Fri day, the sky was cloudless in the early afternoon and the surf was nearly flat. Shovel cranes and workmen were picking at the still-immense piles of wood and concrete wreckage. Prospects Good The mayor, who was about to leave for a rehabilitation plan ning session at Dover, Del., was not in an entirely pessimistic mood. He said the propects for replacing a good portion of the beach, boardwalk and seawall by June 1, are good. The Dover meeting was called by Delaware’s Secretary of State Elisha C. Dukes to ob tain “information preparatory to completing applications for Federal assistance.” Representatives from each stricken county and munici pality were invited to bring es timates of losses and needs. Rehoboth’s damages, as list ed by the mayor and other city officials, totaled $4,124,000 for public property alone. This in cluded $1.5 million to replace 750,000 cubic yards of lost beach sand, sl.l million for a mile long bulkhead seawall and $250,000 for the replacement of the boardwalk. Private property losses, busi ness and residential, were list ed at $2,726,000. Danger to Economy “We need authorization from the Office of Emergency Plan ning (the Federal agency charged with co-ordinating the disbursement of Federal dis- Two Park Policemen Promoted to Top Posts Two veteran Park Policemen have been promoted to top posi tions on the force in a move that is expected to reduce dis sension among its men. The two promoted are Lt. Walter W. Lange, 46, named inspector, and Lt. David Kush ner, 49, named captain. They fill vacancies that have been open for 18 months while the force has been torn by internal wrangling. Conrad L. Wirth, director of the National Park Service, said he hopes the new appointments will be “well received by the men” and emphasized that the promotions were made in ac cordance with recommenda tions of a three-member special committee. The appointments come on the heels of the temporary transfer of two Park Police lieutenants to out-of-town as signments. Lt. V. W. Cleary has been assigned to the Jefferson National Memorial Park in St. Louis and Lt. J. B. Hobbs has been assigned to Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia. Since the assignment of Park Police Chief Harold F. Stewart to a six-month tour of duty at THE INSIDE STORY Cabinet Members at Work By HARRIET GRIFFITHS j Star Staff Writer The President, wearing a ruffled blouse, opened the cabinet meeting with typical Kennedy energy. “Good afternoon, gentlemen. Let’s get right to the business at hand. "As you all can well see,” the President continued, indicating an empty chair at the long table, “one of our members is absent today. Dean Rusk is in Geneva, stressing the need for disarmament: he is asking the Soviet to stop the arms race and help reduce cold war ten sions. "Although the discussions now seem gloomy, Mr. Rusk will present our plan . . . with the hope that it will be acceptable. He will keep me informed, and I shall report to you at our next meeting.” The cabinet members re ported on their departments. “Mr. President, as you know. Story and Picture! of One Woman's Experience in The Storm. Page G-7 aster aid funds) to proceed,” Mayor Stamper said, adding: “The economy of Rehoboth is at stake.” (Following Friday’s session at Dover and a subsequent meet ing of Rehoboth city commis sioners that evening, there was more cause for optimism: May or Stamper yesterday declared the city will appeal to Gover nor Elbert N. Carvel for a tem porary loan of $1 million “to begin work immediately.” At the evening meeting, the mayor and the commissioners adopted a new, stricter build ing code, to ensure that new shore structures will be better built and more attractive. A new clause in the code, the mayor said, states that “any building that houses people must be fireproof.”) In another room at City Hall. Clara M. Kavanaugh and James Booth, owners of the Pink Pony, a boardwalk night club washed away by the storm, met with a representative of the Small Business Administra tion. The two owners listed their loss at SBO,OOO. They were ne gotiating with the SBA for a low-interest, long-term loan which the Federal agency is empowered to grant to busi nessmen in disaster areas. Decision Awaited “We’re trying to get set up again,” Mr. Booth said, "but not this season. We have to wait until the decision is handed down on the boardwalk and the beach line.” Mrs. Kavanaugh added: “We have the cleanest lot on the beach. We don’t even have a match left.” In an upstairs room at the city hall, methods of restoring eroded beaches were outlined by John Balsam, an area en gineer with the Army Corps of Engineers’ Philadelphia District. Re - establishment of the beaches, the engineer said, can be accomplished by pipeline dredging. Sand is pumped from See BEACHES. Page B-l Guam, the force has not had a single chief in uniform. Top rank of lieutenant has been held by eight men. The appoint ment makes Inspector Lange the new top-ranking uniformed officer. The acting Park Police chief has been Nash Castro, a civilian administrative offical in the Park Service. He is not a pro fessional police officer. Blunt warning has been given the force by Representative Rutherford, Democrat of Texas, who told the men at a hearing last week that “a few knotheads can destroy a good unit, and I am putting you on notice; because it will be destroyed if controversy persists.” Mr. Rutherford, chairman of the House National Parks sub committee, said he will intro duce legislation abolishing the 222-man force if the wrangling continues. In announcing the new pro motions, Mr. Wirth emphasized that the appointments were made on the basis of findings by an impartial evaluation committee set up in May. The committee, consisting of See PARK, Page A-2 it has become necessary for usi to resume testing in the atmo sphere,” said the Secretary of Defense when his turn came. | “We have had a lot of support. I However, many people are pro-! testing by marching in front of j the White House.” The Secretary of the Interior,! wearing a purple sweater, com mented on the President’s! thoughtfulness in sending out doughnuts and coffee. “I know the Attorney Gen eral has something to report,” said the President. The Justice Department chief! gave a favorable report of hisj good will tour with his wife,! but he added: “The most shocking thing I I've ever seen was the wall di-1 viding East and West Berlin. I hope it will come down soon.” “I read that the wall was ! falling down,” the Interior Sec- I retary said, raising a mild hope. “They’re building it up WASHINGTON, D. C., MARCH 18, 1962 U.S. Atom Power Can Meet Any Test, McNamara Says II J HK. Jr £ jWi r | Y ai v a Si 7bU ! ISBRi Jr- I I uS jfe HI?Klv ■Hr A. w h fc a c POLICE BATTLE STUDENTS IN GUATEMALAN RIOT A youth is beaten by police (left) and another led away by officers in student rioting in Guatemala City against the conservative Guate- Secret Army Blasts Oran Settlers Mass, No Police Appear ORAN, Algeria, Sunday, Mar. 18 (AP).—A series of powerful explosions rocked Oran early today, a few hours after thou sands of European residents staged an anti- government demonstration called by their Secret Army Organization. There were more than 20 blasts, all of them apparently in the Moslem quarter. Bursts of machinegun fire followed the explosions and riot police quickly moved into the area. Last evening, thousands of Europeans jammed Oran’s main street in a massive dem onstration called by the Secret Army in defiance of a military order moving up the curfew hour from 9 to 7:30 p.m. No police were in sight as the demonstrators honked their horns and Europeans on their balconies banged pots and pans in time with the horns. At 8 p.m. the Secret Army’s radio broadcast martial music. Homeowners took their sets to the balconies and turned them up to the highest possible pitch. As the old curfew hour of 9 o’clock approached, the crowd dwindled and by 9:15 the pot-banging stopped. The Secret Army yesterday set up an underground govern ment in what virtually was a declaration of war on President Charles de Gaulle’s government. As terrorism and economic paralysis gripped Algiers and other cities, the secret army an nounced it has created a "na- See ALGERIA, Page A-8 I again,” said the Attorney Gen ! eral, dashing it. The President put in, “As I you all know, Jackie is on tour I now. I hope her tour is as: | successful as yours was.” “I am sure it will be,” said j the Postmaster General, a cow ! lick escaping from his slicked down hair. He added that per ! haps the President's wife could visit a cabinet meeting and “tell us about it.” The Interior Secretary voiced the concern of several depart ments about the storm damage jto the coastal areas, and . thanked the President for quick I action to provide Federal help. | "Another problem, while not so important, that is arousing i much public interest is the pro posed memorial to Franklin D. ■ | Roosevelt,” the Secretary went ; on. “There is much disagree ment among the public as to . the design. Some like it, but > See CABINET, Page A-ll Private Quiz Sessions Ruled Out by Army Belvoir Lecturer's Questioning By Senate Prober Stirs Pentagon By RICHARD FRYKLUND Star Staff Writer A Pentagon investigation of the interrogation of a Fort Belvoir soldier-lecturer by Senate investigators has led the Army to decide that its men may no longer be questioned in private. Before the Incident involving Specialist 4/c Jerome Carter, a lecturer in the troop information program at the Army Engineer post in nearby Virginia, the Pentagon had permitted investigators for the Senate Armed Services Sub committee probing military speech censorship to set the ground rules for interviews with Defense Department per sonnel. Normally, the investi gators asked to be alone with the men they talked to. After Specialist Carter com plained to his superior officers that a committee investigator, G. E. Hartel, “distorted” the Kennedy Joins Gridiron Fun Neither Democrats nor Re publicans, Presidents nor presi dential hopefuls were spared last night as the Gridiron Club made the most of its annual opportunity to poke good-na tured fun at the political world. The occasion was the 77th such white-tie affair at the Ho tel Statler with President Ken nedy on hand to share the gentle jabs and guffaws with 500 other guests. Through skit and allegedly tuneful parody, the newsmen club members roasted leading political figures to the delight of leaders from Government, journalism, industry and the Armed Services. Sharing the fun were Vice President Johnson, Chief Jus tice Warren and cabinet mem bers » like Attorney General Kennedy, the latter sharing in one speaker’s observation that in America “all systems go . . . Bobby is go, Jacqueline is go, and Chester Bowles is gone.” “Wild Irish Prose” One quipster praised Presi dent Kennedy for keeping Lt. Col. John H. Glenn, jr., on the job because “the last time a Democratic President let a na , tional hero go on tour the Re publicans kidnaped him and put him in the White House.” , Astronaut Glenn, who was present, joined in the laughter. That took care of the outer ! space business. As to the coin cidence of St. Patrick's day, a chorus, wearing the green ex j tolled President Kennedy’s I “Wild Irish prose/It sparkles and it glows . . . His fine Har vard style/Beats FDR a mile.” Traditionally, there was only one toast—to the President of See GRIDIRON, Page A-13 mala government of President Miguel Ydigoras in which 20 persons were killed. (Story on Page A-2).—AP Wirephoto. answers to his questions about communism, Army officers "decided to tell Mr. Hartel that they would no longer permit any Army witnesses to be inter viewed alone,” according to a Pentagon report. Top civilian defense officials say they will back up the Army decision if it is challenged by the committee and will follow it themselves if an employe of the office of the Secretary of Defense is called for question ing. In the opinion of Defense Department officials, the ques tioning of Specialist Carter shows that Mr. Hartel was try ing to influence his choice of reading and induce him to adopt methods suggested by Mr. Hartel for teaching anti communism to the troops. Mr. Hartel was employed by the Senate committee at the See BELVOIR, Page A-10 Today’s Star Sect. A General News | BIG LEAGUE BASEBALL gets a Sect. 8.-Metro Area News, Finance boost among the younger set with Sect. C Editorial the announcement today of plans Sect. D Sports, Business for The Evening Star Knothole Club Sect. E Classified by the Washington Senators and Sect. F Amusements this newspaper. Boys and girls 15 Sect. G and H Society-Home years old or younger will be en- Also SUNDAY, The Star Maga- titled to see 12 Senators' home zine; This Week Magazine, TV gomes this season free of charge. Magazine and Comic Section. Details are on Page D-l. Index of Subjects AREA ALL-STAR basketball Sect. Page teams for Washington and nearby Amusements F 1.4 sections are announced today. The X r t f j. Star discloses its high school All- Books C 5 Metropolitan five with pictures of Bridge F 7 f ** c , ' fst and secon< l teams, as well Business* Finance ’ ”".\d’7.B-11 as ’ he ° l| - stor , team , s f ° r le ,”“ e ‘ Cameras F 7 ,n D,s^r,c t Maryland and Vir- Citizens' Meetings F 7 The ’' °PP eor todo V on P °9 e Classified E ..1-22 D ’ 3 - Crossword Puzzle J-—? ANXIETY over the mounting Editorials - C 4 number of cardiac coses is not Editorial Features C.... 2-3 confined t 0 the United States. A Fashions H— 6-7 summary of the effective fitness hardens D.. 12-13 program of the Royal Canadian Hobbies F 7 Air Force appears on Page 6of Lost, Found A 3 This Week magazine. It includes „“. SIC * Z simple exercises the RCAF has “” ltu ’ ,iei ‘WT'j r ” I developed to make people look and PTA Events Calendar....F6 Radio F 6 Records F 4 PRESIDENT KENNEDY is the Schools F 6 subject of much good-natured Science CalendarF6 lampooning by the Nation's car- Sports . Dl-6 toonists. Some of the best news- Stomps, Coins F7 paper cartoons of the young Pres- Television ListingsTV Magazine ident, including two by The Star's Travel B 6-7 Pulitzer Prize-winning Jim Berry- Weather Report B 2 man appear today on Page 9of Week in PerspectiveCl I SUNDAY, The Star Magazine. Home Delivered: in CENTS Doily ond Sunday, per month, 2.25 Kennedy Asks Unity on Space Seeks Co-operation From Khrushchev By ROBERT K. WALSH Star Staff Writer President Kennedy gave So viet Premier Khrushchev a chance yesterday for immediate United States and Russian co i operation in five space pro jgrams: Weather studies, com , munications satellites, tracking ; stations, space medicine and , mapping the earth’s magnetic field. He emphasized in a letter to the Russian leader that those ; Text of Kennedy Letter on Space. ' Page A-8 r ~ _—ij — _ r suggestions were merely “pos ' sible first steps” in projects of ■ common action. He said such • co-operation conceivably could result in the United States and • Russia working together eventu- • ally for manned and unmanned ■ i space investigations, including ■ the moon and perhaps Mars I or Venus. • The President’s letter, sent ' March 7, was in reply to one • from Mr. Khrushchev last month containing congratula- ’ tions on Astronaut John H. i Glenn’s orbital flight and pro- • See SPACE, Page A-8 HOW A SINGER HITS THE TOP See TV Magazine Sees Ability To Counter 3d Nation By BEM PRICE Associated Press Staff Writer Secretary of Defense Mc- Namara said yesterday United States nuclear striking power is so immense the Nation could absorb a surprise assault, then destroy Russia, and still have enough left over to counter a blackmail threat from any third power. This is a point which has long bothered many strategists, particularly in view of the pos sibility that Red China will develop atomic weapons in the near future. Mr. McNamara, in a wide ranging interview, also said: 1. By the end of 1962 the United States will be able to meet non-nuclear war crises on two fronts simultaneously with out resorting immediately to partial mobilization. That is something the country has not been able to do since World War 11. 2. Southeast Asia is vital to the security of the Pacific and the Pacific is vital to the secu rity of the United States, but the application of military force alone will not automatic ally defeat the Communists un less there is internal economic and social reform. No If-And-But Answers Southeast Asia points like a dagger toward the heart of the rich island chain which begins at Australia and stretches northward through Indonesia, the Philippines and the Ryukyus to Japan. The interview covered a mul titude of other points, with, some blunt questions. Mr. Mc- Namara gave no if-and-or-but answers. When he felt he should not answer a question, he said so. Many have held that civil defense is an integral part of the Nation’s deterrent posture; that is, if the Soviets feel they cannot deliver a crushing first blow they will be deterred from attacking. Mr. McNamara disagrees. He believes that the Russians would nob be too concerned with how many Americans they could kill, but how many Rus sians the Americans could kill in a counter-strike. This coun ter-strike force, he believes, is the true deterrent. Insists on Service Unity On the subject of inter-serv ice disputes, often public in the ; past, but singularly lacking in : Mr. McNamara’s regime, he said: 1 "Unification, unified plan ning ... A consideration by one service of like activities in the other services . . . The Joint Chiefs of Staff were brought to see the service pro- ■ blems as part of the total pro ’ bletn and to plan in relation i to national interests, not just I service interests.” ! Mr. McNamara considered . for a moment and then added 1 that, before reaching a con : elusion, he and his staff are j willing to listen to all points of view. , Once a decision has been > made, however, he continued, ; then “by God, I expect every . one to fall in line. You can't run a military organization ’ with divided authority—or any other kind of organization.” In all the thousands of words See McNAMARA, Page A-15 Red China Plans A-Bomb Tests, Tokyo Papers Say TOKYO, Sunday. March 18 (AP». Japan’s two leading newspapers said today Com munist China may detonate its first nuclear test explosion this year in the interior of China. Quoting Japanese Public Security Investigation (Intelli gence) Agency officials, the Asahi Shimbun said the in formation was obtained from the Japan Communist party | and other left-wing organiza ! tions. Yomiuri Shimbun said “Com munist China is expected to carry out small atomic bomb I tests once or twice sometime between this summer and autumn.” "Red China has four atomic reactors, located at Peiping, Chungking, Shengyang and Sian.” All were provided by the ; Soviet Union. Yomiuri said, j adding: “The reactor in Peiping i is capable of producing three ' kilograms of plutonium 239 a I year.” The Japanese newspaper re ports came three days after a foreign diplomatic source in Albania reported the Commu : nist Chinese would t::plode ' their first atomic bomb in June - on a desert in Tibet.