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Slayton's Grounding Raises Questions on Space Program BY WILLIAM HINES Star Staff Writer The sudden removal of Don ald K. Slayton as America’s second orbital astronaut leaves several Interesting and disturb ing questions unanswered. Even granting that a change in Maj. Slayton’s status was INTERPRETIVE REPORT necessary because of erratic heartbeat and there is no unanimity of medical opinion on this point the way the change was effected was curious from the viewpoints of public relations and personnel man agement. The cumulative effect of the Slayton affair was to raise questions about the National Aeronautics and Space Admin istration’s astronaut selection and examination programs, the "team” philosophy of Mercury flights, the qualifications of certain of the astronauts, and the soundness of some of the decisions taken at the head quarters of the multi-billion dollar space program. Publie Interest Question The question of public In terest In Project Mercury— demonstrated so forcefully by the February 20 flight of John Glenn—appeared to enter into NASA’s thinking in the Slayton affair as hardly more than an afterthought. Personal public adulation of the individual spacemen—seemed not to be taken into account in the way Maj. Slayton was dealt with. To summarize what hap pened: NASA announced Thursday afternoon the decision to with draw Maj. Slayton as the prin cipal MA-7 pilot and replace him with Navy Comdr. M. Scott Carpenter, alternate pilot in the Glenn mission. A minor heart defect, or record since 1959, was given as the cause. Change Revealed On Friday at noon, a group of NASA officials called a news conference to “clarify” the situation, widespread interest in which seemed to have taken them by surprise. They brought along as Exhibit “A” Maj Slayton himself, who was in troduced with questionable finesse —as being there “to C CONGESTAID* > Push-Button Vaporizer ( -BRINGS AN INSTANT FEELING RELIEF FROM rw^V COL ? s ’ CONGIEST,ON Don't Say Drug Store, Say DRUG FAIR . . . There's a BIG DIFFERENCE Adrian Mitchum TheTruthAboutHormones To Make Skin Look Young As I write this article, I can look through the doorway and see a ■woman of 45 waiting in the outer office. The light is good and I see her •dearly. She looks 10 years younger today than she did a month ago. What brought about this amazing change? Estrogenic hormones. Reams have been written about hormones. Will they make women of 75 look 16 again? Absolutely not. Will they make Women of 60 feel like they are 20 •gain? Only in away I shall explain Toknow the truth about hormones you need to-learn-just two simple facts: 1. The beauty of a woman’s •kin starts breaking down as signs of menopause begin, because the female organs fail to supply enough estro genic hormones to feed the skin —less •nd less as you grow older. 2. Estro genic hormones can be supplied to the •kin through formulations contain ing hormones. ****** ( Here is a test reported in a scientific , journal, one of many that showed similarly sensational results: Twenty five women applied hormones to one side of the face and neck, and to one • hand. On the other side and the other hand, a similar preparation contain ing no hormones was applied. . These are the reports in simple Tvords: Skin lines (dry-skin wrinkles) quickly dimmed or disappeared from Bight as creases and hollows filled out. Blotches and “old-age freckles” faded on hands, face and neck. i Skin was softer, clearer, seemed to lose its chronic dryness, and take on revived freshness and vitality. All these amazing things happened i on the side where the hormones were' used. Meanwhile no changes occurred ; on the other side. The same withered, lifeless complexion. Still another scientist reports in iffect, improvement in the skin of ■women past menopause was striking. These.women looked like the years had been turned back toward their, youthful'‘‘pre-change” appearance. . I’ve seen this myself. I have seen the improvement so rapid that in just two .days wo.men looked younger. And, what a lift to the spirits! I cannot truthfully say that women of 60 felt like they were 20 again. But I have seen the light come back into ’their .eyes—their chins raised with proud confidence—the zest for living return —because—l presume—to look younger is to feci younger.- Now to select a good estrogenic! hormone preparation, here is what} youneed to know: the strength of the} hormone preparation must appear on the label. The recommended daily] DON'T SAY DRUG STORE . . SAY DRUG FAIR THERE'S A BIG DIFFERENCE! THE SUNDAY STAR Waihington, D. C„ March Jg, 1962 jfli Ik. DONALD K. SLAYTON —AP Wirephoto i show he’s not sick in bed, but : alive, hale and hearty.” ’ The conference brought out the fact that, based on some 1 medical second - guessing, a hasty change had been made in what supposedly had been well laid plans for the second manned orbital flight. Lt. Col. William K. Douglas, the astro nauts’ personal physician, did not participate in the medical review of Maj. Slayton, which is said to have been unanimous. Dr. Douglas has made no se cret of the fact that he believes I Maj. Slayton is fit to fly, and ; should fly. j As things stand now, Maj. Slayton is on the shelf—at least for the time being—and his i original backup pilot, Navy ; Comdr. Walter M. Schirra, jr., I has been relegated to second (place again instead of moving up to the primary slot as had been specifically planned. This situation raises two basic questions, which in turn raise others: 1. If Maj. Slaytton had had a heart anomaly as long ago as November 1959, why was he kept in the program (at considerable expense to the Government) and ultimately lected as MA-7 pilot in Noveml ’ber 1961? 2. Since Comdr. Schirra was designated originally to back up Maj. Slayton, why did he not move up to the primary job? NASA’s answer to Question 1 was that medical opinion in the period November 1959- November 1961 did not regard the heart condition as disa bling. This raises another ques tion: If Maj. Slayton was not disabled last November, has some deterioration occurred since then? Specifically since he was still in the flight plan as recently as last Mon day—did his condition wor sen just last week? NASA’s answer to both parts of this question is an emphatic "no,” which brings up another: If he was fit to fly before, and is as good as ever now, why has he been pulled of the mission? According to Deputy Space for the skin is 330 Units. 1 The base should be as rich as pos r sible in moisturizing lanolin and r penetrating vegetable oils and when “rubbed in” your skin should not / feel greasy or sticky. On first appli t cation, your skin should feel a radi ’ ant glow of revitalized youthfulness s and refreshment. 1 An extra good buy in hormone ? products today is a preparation - called HORMONEX Beauty Serum. ) It is made by a 40-year-old labora i tory that has produced over 80 mil lion packages of pure, fine cosmetics. HORMONEX is so effective in re ’ vitalizing aging skin that over 500 • leading department stores and thou ’ sands of drug and cosmetic outlets ■ recommend it to their customers. HORMONEX Beauty Serum is real ly a bargain at $3.50. So, if you want to see if your drcams of a younger looking skin —with these wrinkles dimmed, color and texture improved, can come true, I suggest you get a 100-day supply now. Use HOR MONEX Beauty Serum for 5 days —then look for amazing results. ■ I I ■ I HB ' iMR A single drop is so potent A 100-day supply costs only §3.50 plus tax No** you con. conccnfrofe your bormon# f'eofmenf on spofs that reed it most because ■ Hormone* Beou’y 'Serum is so powerful a drop I of it gives skm ever three times os many hor mone 'un,ts cs a •dob of cream. Wonderful about the eyes and mouth, ©n the throat. . The most potent hormone preparation we know of for beauty culture—33,ooo I. U. per ounce— equal to three end one-half 1-ounce jars of standard hormone cream. One bottle lasts about 100 days. Just 7 drops doily gives you the maximum ol'otment of female hor mones. Contoms large percentage of lanolin , and pcnet’ot.rg Sesame O I to help replace natural c 's of the stin ord moke your face and Lends lock younger. I , WsaftnHsUl Administrator Hugh L. Dryden, this decision resulted from "a reassessment by people up the line of the stresses caused by orbital flight.” Dr. Dryden said flatly that the decision to remove Maj. Slayton was taken at NASA headquarters. Earlier, NASA news spokesman Paul P. Haney said that the re sponsible figure was Robert R. Gilruth, head of the field in stallation in charge of Mer cury. But Mr. Gilruth said yester day: “My own feeling is that Deke Is an extremely compe tent engineering test-pilot and entirely capable of this mis sion. In no case has the ab normality interfered with Deke's performance ” Takes Responsibility D Brainerd Holmes, manned space flight director for NASA, takes responsibility for the deci sion to remove Maj. Slayton. He conceded in an interview yesterday that the action was unfortunate—“ This hurts him.” Mr. Holmes said of Maj Slay ton—but said medical experts had convinced him it should be taken. By speaking of the “stresses caused by orbital flight,” Dr. Dryden raised this question: Was something discovered in the course of Col. Glenn’s orbital mission last month that shed new light on Maj. Slayton’s condition? To this NASA says flatly, "No.” 7 At the conference it was stated that medical attention would be paid in the future to the question of Maj. Slayton’s ability to perform space flight tasks while undergoing an ac tual heart tremor. These are neither uncommon nor brief- apparently Maj. Slayton has had about 50 in the last two years, some of them lasting for days. Question: Is it possible that medical authorities had knowledge of this condition for more than two years without having made any effort up to now to place him in a stress situa- | tion while undergoing a heart paroxysm? NASA has no clear an swer for this one. No one is sure how long Maj. Slayton has had this condition: the fact that ti was discovered only in No- young in heart, young in price... A. 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Chest on Chest with five drew- Open Mondays and Thursdays 9:30 am to 9 m K TRADITIONAL,. ers, 34x18” plastic top, 45’/ 2 '' J • EARLY AMERICAN vember 1959 does not mean it did not exist before. A defect rather than a disease, it may have been with him since before he entered the Mercury program early in 1959. Which brings up a ques tion about the highly touted, stem -to - stern examination the astronauts got before they were chosen: How good exar Nation did the astronauts actually get? Best Civilian Doctors NASA says it was very good. It was certainly very expen sive, with some of the best civilian doctors money can buy participating in the ex amination. But there was serious question all along —reinforced now by the Slay ton heart anomaly—whether NASA got any better medical examination for the astro nauts at an expensive private clinic than it could have ob tained at the Air Force or Navy aviation medicine cen ters—at no cost to the Gov ernment. Also raised is this question: If Maj. Slayton slipped through a complete physical with a disqualifying defect, might it not be possible that other astronauts did the same? Then there is an even more basic question, relating to the growth of the national space program as a whole: > If America is going any ! where in space, it is going to need more than the six best ; physical specimens out of a population of 180 million. What is wrong with sending up a man with a minor, and well-documented, defect? Mr. Holmes says NASA wants to amass a body of valid medi cal data early in the space flight program. To get this, he says, all discernable defects must be eliminated at this stage. Has Curious Aspects The second major question— about the shunting-aside of Comdr. Schirra in favor of Comdr. Carpenter—also has its curious aspects. Dr. Dryden said NASA headquarters felt “it was quicker and easier to use (Comdr. Carpenter) than ADVERTISEMENT. ASTHMA & BRONCHITIS Thousands of men, women and children I are now finding a simple, easy wav to l raHliJit o d «V-U!LJ >reathing ’ coughing. due to recurring 2hit> B . ro “ ch ‘’i Asthma and Bron- ! chitis. This h by taking NEW Improved i MKNDACO. Acts last to bronelhi al tubes and I Thia thick ? congestive mucus. Si»hJi^ U 7H eases breathln « allays Get *Promotes sounder sleep. ■ Ul “‘ su - Cheer “ Schirra who has far less ex perience.” Question: What experience, in fact, has the one man had that the other lacks? Neither astronaut has ever been off the ground in a space capsule, either orbitally or sub orbitally. Comdr. Carpenter’s job before the MA-6 flight was as back-up pilot to Col. Glenn. It is true that he got in some flight simulation time while Friendship-7 was on the launch pad. But Comdr. Schirra has “flown” simulations, too. If “experience” is so impor tant, why did NASA not choose Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, the first American in space? Mr. Holmes said NASA hopes, to save Comdr. Shepard for onei your kitchen with the hmeSmHl ■ FKOM KITCHEN CENTER ■r' • • Z V L. "la. • O gos cooking JI Pill II HI 11111111 It U 1 equipment-matchless Bril ■EI Uli IMwBI HL h t an <* fully automatic Bf i 1811 11 idi SSK ■ JM K-HJOB® t I ? Bi I Complete kitchens 4 1 * sr remodeled in finest of wood, Wtl mMlff j s^ee ’ p' ast ‘ c custom cabinets. Caloric Gas Units can be installed in ahWjf types of kitchens. Built-in Gas Appliances " ’ ■ ' n beautiful colors will modernize your < S " kitchen. Largest display of modern j| K®' installations and gas equipment in our I Building Supply Co. Washington and Virginia Showrooms. Fast, ■ CO °L thrifty and K, ■ dependable gas does costs J3| ■ PLANNING SERVICE |MM AVAILABLE IN ■k YOUR HOME AT EXTRA COST A •i of the long, 18-orblt flights . next year. I An unpleasant aspect of the i Carpenter - Schirra substitution is the personal embarrassment • it piles on Comdr. Schirra, a ’ dedicated, highly competent • pilot. There is no question that s when the first two orbital teams i were announced, it was stated • explicity that the backup pilot ’ for a particular mission would ’ take over if the primary pilot washed out. Thus, it would? seem, Comdr. Schirra should have moved up in place as Maj. Slayton. Impression Given Mr. Holmes agreed that this i was the impression given the I public last November when the I; I Glenn-Carpenter and Slayton-1; i Schirra teams were announced. Unlike Dr. Dryden, who said the rules were changed at NASA. Mr. Holmes declared that the decision was made on the level of Mr. Gilruth and his chief assistant, Walter C. Wil liams. Nevertheless, it raised an other question: Was something discovered about Comdr. Schirra’i physi cal condition which caused | him to be kept in the back I s4*at? NASA says flatly no. And there the matter rests. Left unanswered also Is how Comdr. Schirra must feel about being passed over; how Maj.! Slayton must feel about being required to voice his inmost! sentiments at a time of great disappointment. Also, how does the doctor, who has been closest to these men for three years, feel about having his counsel overriden on an issue supposedly settled for nearly 30 months? And the pro ject chief, newly decorated by President Kennedy, in having his pilot-selection prerogatives pulled away from him by Wash ington? Radio Is Medical Tool MEMPHIS.—Doctors at the University of Tennessee Medi cal School here have tested a tiny radio which can be swal lowed and which broadcasts re ports of stomach acidity.