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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 18, 1962, Image 17

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Russians Vote Today;
Victors Already Known
MOSCOW, Mar. 17 <AP).—The Soviet Union runs oft an
election tomorrow. Two things are certain: Practically every
body will vote and there is no doubt who will win.
A Soviet general election brings out more voters than in
any nation on earth. Even though India has about 200 million
eligible voters, only about 105 million voted there last month.
Premier Khrushchev and
about 141 million other Soviet
citizens are eligible to elect na
tional and regional parliaments
tomorrow. With past experience
as a guide, about 99.97 per cent
of them will exercise their fran
chise.
The Soviet government and
Communist Party go to great
lengths to see that people vote.
Voting agents go to bedsides of
sick persons. People unable to
walk but well enough to ride
are taken to the polls in auto
mobiles.
Creating an Image
This is part of the image the
Communist Party seeks to
create of a “democratic" elec
tion.
Once he gets to the polling,
place, the voter has only one |
candidate to vote for—one pre
viously selected and put on the
ballot.
From past experience It is
likely that about 500,000 will
vote “no” against the one can
didate they are offered.
Once elected, the Supreme
Soviet, or parliament, will act
largly as a ratification board
for legislation proposed by top
leaders or already enacted by
decree. Committee work, such
as that in the United States
Congress, is wholly unknown.
Nevertheless a seat in the
Supreme Soviet is a distinction
sought in the Soviet Union.
Selecting a Candidate
The deputy chief of the Mos
cow Soviet explained in an in
terview how the candidate is.
selected:
In each election district var
ious unions, factories and col
lective farms are permitted to
advance candidates. If there is
more than one candidate sug
gested in one of these organiza-
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tions, a choice is made by a
show of hands in town-meeting
style.
The candidates advanced by
the various organizations visit
factories and farms, making
speeches and answering ques
tions.
But at that point democracy
in the western view ends.
About three weeks before the
general election a group of ac
tivists representing the unions
and organization gets to
gether.
Tovarish Kornovalov of the
Moscow Soviet described this
group as being made up of
established and well-known
leaders. Communist party
members predominate.
Khrushchev “Running”
Mr. Khrushchev told Sen
ator Theodore F. Green of
Rhode Island in 1959 that the
group is chosen by elected
representatives from each or
ganization. Mr. Kornovalov
suggested, however, that they
are not necessarily chosen
through election machinery.
This group of leaders keeps no
record of its meeting or how
it arrives at its decision. But
after it is over everybody
knows who the best candidate
is. All the other candidates
drop out.
Under this system, Mr. Khru
shchev told Senator Green,
about 40 per cent of those
(elected to the various parlia
, ments are non-party members.
The Communist party has
about 10 million members out
of a total electorate of over
140 million.
In the 1958 election non
party members totaled 330 out
of the total membership of
1,378 in the Supreme Soviet.
All members of the party
Presidium are assured of elec
tion tomorrow. As a compli
mentary gesture, Mr. Khru
shchev was proposed as a can
didate in 218 districts. He
chose to run from the Kalinin
district near the Kremlin.
Voroshilov “Nominated”
President Leonid Brezhnev
was proposed in 88 districts,
Deputy Premier Frol Koslov in
79 and other prominent lead
ers in a descending number of
districts. Former President
Klementi Voroshilov, although
scourged at the last party con
gress as a pro-Stalinist, was
allowed to be nominated in one
district.
Two former Presidium mem
bers who were dropped after
the party congress, Mrs. Eka
terina Furtseva and N. A.
Mukhitdinov, were not reported
nominated any place.
Each candidate put on the
ballot usually makes at least
one big campaign speech. Mr.
Khrushchev made his yester
day. He said the Soviet Union
had a new global rocket in
vulnerable to anti-missile de-
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WHAT AMERICA THINKS
Manner of Speaking
Key Personality Clue
NEW YORK, Mar. 17—The
automobile is no longer the
chief status symbol in Amer
ica today. A “What America
Thinks” poll shows that a per
son’s manner of speaking is
the factor by which most of
his fellows evaluate him.
"Anybody can buy a Cadil
lac today,” a Missourian sum
fenses and that peace must
be made with Germany on a
basis of two Germanys.
In his election speech four
years ago he said the Soviet
Union had intercontinental
ballistic missiles and that peace
in Germany must be Settled on
a basis of two Germanys.
There were some differences
in the two speeches, but it
seemed that fundamentally the
same big problems remained.
med up. “Who knows if a fin«
house is paid for?” asked a
Maine grocer.
Interviewers asked a sampl-l
ing of Americans this question:
“Which of the following out-1
ward clues would you consider
most important in making a
quick juddgment of the social
standing about which you
knew nothing else: Their
house? Their car? Their
clothes? Their manner.ofj
speaking:”
The answers, in percentages,
were as follows:
Manner of speaking 62.7
House 24.2
Clothes 4.7
Car 2.2
Other reasons 4.6
No opinion 1.6
Here is a sampling of the
explanations given by those
who said "manner of speak
ing”: |
"Speech Is a clue to educa-'
tlon, manners and personality.” I
"Speaking reveals education.'
environment and living condi
tions and often tells what a J
person Is accustomed to.” “A
fine house or fine clothes arc
no proof of a fine person, but
when one speaks you know ex
actly his social standing.”
Here are some of the answers
Jgiven by those who said the
house was the best criterion:
I “Most people prefer to live in
surroundings on the same fi
nancial and social level to
which they belong, or wish to
belong." "People usually take
care of their house and grounds
if they are decent people.” “A
person’s home Is his showcase
and a person of social standing
will have a well kept home.”
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THE SUNDAY STAR
Washington, D. C., March 11, 1962
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A-17

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