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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 18, 1962, Image 19

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AP World Spotlight: The News and Whafs Behind It
Nasser's Fortunes
Now on the Rise
In the Middle East
U. S. and Russia Seem Convinced
He Is the Leader to Deal With
By GEORGE McARTHUR
Associated Press Staff Writer
CAIRO, March 17.—The fortunes of Gamal Abdel Nasser
are on the rise in the Middle East, spelling trouble for rival
.mams, sultans, sheikhs and kings.
Only six months ago many of these gave a sigh of relief
when Syria broke away from the United Arab Republic and
President Nasser’s fortunes sagged.
Mr. Nasser is now firmly in control at home. He seemingly
has convinced both Washing
ton and Moscow that he is the
man to deal with in the Mid
dle East.
To bolster his military
strength he obtained new arms
from Moscow, including MIG
-21 jet fighters. To strengthen
his precarious financial posi
tion he is negotiating increased
economic aid from the United
States.
Top-Flight U. S. Visitors
A stream of top-flight visi
tors from Washington in
cluded the roving envoy Ches
ter Bowles; the food-for-peace
expert, George S. McGovern,
and an economic advisor, Ed
ward Mason. All were quickly
ushered into Mr. Nasser’s office.
At about the same time Brit
ish Ambassador Sir Harold Bee
ley saw Mr. Nasser for the first
time in nine months.
All this activity, plus the pos
sibility that an Algerian settle
ment will ease France’s prob- '
lems with Egypt, has raised
western diplomatic hopes for
happier relations with Cairo. ■
A sour note comes from Mr. ,
Nasser’s radio Voice of the
Arabs. As stridently as ever it ,
blasts the “feudal” rulers in ■
the Middle East and lambasts 1
Britain and the United States ■
for supporting them. ,
Nasser Is Popular
The Bowles mission delicately i
indicated to Mr. Nasser that aid 1
would flow more freely if Cairo
softened the Voice. An indirect 1
answer soon appeared in the "
newspaper column of Mr. Nas
ser’s friend Mohamed Hassa
nein Keikal, who said the Voice
couldn’t restrict Mr. Nasser’s
message to Egyptians since he
spoke for other Arabs, i
There was truth in Mr. Hel- 1
kal’s statement. No other lead- i
er in the Middle East ap-
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proaches the popularity of Mr.
Nasser, who deposed and exiled
King Farouk in 1952, later oust
ed the British and seized the
Suez Canal.
Cairo radio sets the nation
alistic, neutralist and delicate
ly pro-Moscow tune—particu
larly concerning Israel. Mid
dle Eastern rulers ignore it at
their peril.
The message beamed to 80
million mostly impoverished
Arabs is a simple one. Mr.
Nasser has bet other Arab rul
ers “I can raise living standards
faster than you.”
Two Nasser policies underly
ing the bet have emerged clear
ly since the Syrian breakaway.
Mr. Nasser is imposing a
tightly disciplined “Arab social
ist” state in Egypt, readily
sacrificing many liberties for
economic control. And he is
isolating himself from such
rulers as King Hussein of Jor
dan and King Saud of Saudi
Arabia. He scorns the outward
signs of Arab unity to preach
the unity of "Arab socialism”
directly to the people.
The payoff may be years
away, perhaps the late ’6os,
when the big Aswan dam will
begin to spew forth riches. Un
til that time, and probably for
much longer, Mr. Nasser must
depend on East or West, or
both, for economic help to keep
abreast of the needs of an ex
ploding population.
DATELINE JERUSALEM
Eichmann Reveals
Death Prediction
JERUSALEM, March 17 '
(AP).—Adolf Eichmann comes ;
Monday to the birthday he i
predicted will be his last.
The convicted architect of
■Ft*. .
BF \ J
EL ' M
l|R M
Mr. Nasser preaches “Arab Socialism” to the
hungry Middle East.—AP Wirephoto.
the Nazi massacre of six mil
lion Jews will spend his 56th
birthday as he has spent the
past three months waiting
for a hearing on his appeal
against the death sentence.
He will not have much longer
to wait. The Israeli supreme
court convenes Thursday to
consider the appeal. By March
30, the onetime Gestapo colonel
should know the result.
Alone in his solitary cell on
the top floor of Ramleh prison,
Eichmann can hardly escape
recalling a startling statement
he made during his trial.
In a rare portrayal of human
frailty, the former chief of the
Gestapo’s Jewish affairs sec
tion revealed one day that he
had consulted a fortune teller
in Argentina, where he was
captured by Israeli agents in
1960.
“She told me I would not see
my 57th birthday, and I do not
:expect to,” Eichmann
If the supreme court upholds
the death sentence, Eichmann
will have one last resort. He can
appeal to Israeli President Itz
hak Ben-Zvi for clemency.
The strain of waiting has left
its mark on the man who sat
without visible emotion last
year through the four-month
recreating of Nazi atrocities
against the Jews.
“He complains about feeling
some sort of dizziness and he
appears to have a nervous
heart,” said one Israeli official.
' “But he is checked every day by t
a physician and there is noth-'
ing seriously wrong. He is re-
' ceiving tranquilizers, and they
seem to give him some help.”
A prison official reported:
“He reads an average of one
book a day, always in German
and mostly history.’,’
He writes to his wife, now
living in Austria, and to his de
fense counsel. Dr. Robert Ser
vatius, a West German attor
ney.
His food is ordinary prison
fare. He asked that his eggs
be soft-boiled. The request was
! granted.
Always Under Guard
Immediately after he was;
■sentenced December 15, Eich
mann was garbed in the tradi
tional red suit worn by the
under Israeli pro
cedure dating back to British
mandate times. He was per
mitted later to switch to an
ordinary grey business suit.
A heavy smoker and frequent
imbiber in his days as a Nazi
officer, Eichmann now gets
eight Israeli cigarettes a day
and no liquor.
He spends several hours daily
walking in a prison courtyard
alone, always under guard.
Even at night a single bulb
burns over his prison cot. An
Israeli police officer watches
through the cell door.
In one corner of his cell,
neatly wrapped in brown paper,
are Eichmann's memoirs, writ
ten in prison. Only Eichmann
knows the contents. He has
given Mr. Servatius the right
to sell the work to cover his fee.
There is a question whether
Israel will permit publication
of the memoirs.
The average Israeli appears
to expect the Eichmann death
sentence to be upheld, but there
are misgivings about carrying
it out.
“Mercy for Eichmann is
mercy for the future children
of Israel,” one prominent Israeli
said.
Others believe that to keep
Eichmann alive in Israel
amounts practically to sacri
lege.
DATELINE MOSCOW
Peasants' Market
Caters to Elite
MOSCOW, March 17 (API.—
A winter day’s visit to the
Moscow Central Peasants’ Mar
ket shows how a small survival
of free enterprise is a major
factor in feeding well-to-do
Russians.
There, in a sprawling series
of government-built sheds,
peasants charge eager city
dwellers whatever the traffic
will bear for privately raised
| produce.
The skilled worker who jets
80 rubles ($88.88) a month can
seldom afford to splurge at the
private market. A large per
centage of the stioppers arrive
in some of Moscow’s 23,000 >
private cars, belonging to the
elite of Moscow’s 7 million
inhabitants.
Country’s Best Market
This is the biggest and best
market in the food-short Soviet
Union, but it makes a dismal
impression on Western visitors
who compare it with supermar-1
kets or fruit and vegetable
stands in the United States and
Western Europe.
| Still, it’s much better than
Soviet state-run stores where!
prices are fixed by the govern
ment but supplies of meat and |
other goods are often lacking, i
Meat |lso was scarce at the
Peasant’s Market. A huge pavil
ion, reserved for peasants with!
meat to sell, was almost empty.'
Row upon row of meathooks;
hung bare.
In one corner, two unshaven'
peasants offered cuts of a mod
erately attractive side of beef, i
The price: rubles ($1.66) a!
pound.
The butchering was done I
Hr
W* ♦x. I
gi /-*>
■I \
Ejf -♦ jugM
This woman represents the survival of free
enterprise in Russia.—AP Wirephoto.
with a blunt hatchet that
splintered bones through the
meat.
In the fresh vegetables pavil
ion, a few smallish cucumbers
were available at half a ruble
(55 cents).
“At these prices we will be as
rich as Amsrican millionaires,"
an open-faced peasant girl
quibbed to a Westerner.
Smallish apples were offered
at I 3 rubles ($1.97) a pound
and pears at 3’/ a rabies ($3.88).
The milk and daily products
section had no fresh milk.
Large quantities of cottage
cheese and honey were poured
into customers’ own contain
ers.
In a special building, a long
queue waited for potatoes,
1 scarce this winter, at 25 ko
pecks (28 cents) a pound,
DATELINE OTTAWA
Hot Words Mark
Canada Campaign '
OTTAWA. March 17 (AP).—
Canada is in the midst of a
free - swinging, name - calling (
political campaign.
In Parliament one opposition j i
member accused Prime Minis- j
ter John Diefenbaker of a >
"blatant, Nazi-like, Fascist lie”!
THE SUNDAY STAR
Washington, D. C., March 11, 1962
with strong overtones of Mc-
Carthyism. Several members of
Mr. Diefenbaker's Conservative
Party have charged that the
Liberal Party leader, Lester B.
Pearson, is soft toward com
munism.
The exchange touched off an
uproar across the country.
“Dirty” and “vicious" were
among the words used to de
scribe the charges.
“It looks as if John Birch
tactics have arrived in Can
ada,” said Keith Davey, na
tional organizer of the Liberal
Party.
“Gutter Politics” Protested
Newspapers of both parties
appealed for an end of "gutter
politics.”
The Ottawa Citizens said in
an editorial that the efforts to
pin a pro-Communist label on!
Mr. Pearson showed the “des
peration with which the Tories
face the forthcoming election.”
Conservative (Tory) leaders
don’t admit the situation is that
bad, but they doubt they will;
hold their one-sided majority. ■
In 1958 elections they took 208'
of 265 seats in the House of
Commons.
The Liberals controlled the 1
j government for 22 years before
Mr. Diefen baker squeezed them h
out in a close 1957 election.
The Liberals seem sure to win' i
back seats they formerly held
in traditionally Liberal Quebec
Province.
The new Democratic Party, a
coalition of the labor unions
and socialist elements also may
win some seats in the west.
During a parliamentary dis
cussion on preparations for
Canada’s centenary in 1967, an
opposition member wondered if
Mr. Diefenbaker expected to be
in office during the celebration.
“The answer is in the affirm
ative,” he replied.
Mr. Diefenbaker says the
major issue of the campaign
will be free enterprise versus
socialism. Liberal politicians
believe the Prime Minister may
also be planning to present him
self as Canada’s champion of
democracy against communism.
DATELINE BOGOTA
Elections Often
Mean Violence
BOGOTA. Colombia. March
17 (AP).—This is a nation
where politics often has led to
the grave. Whether death or
democracy will rule its future
is likely to be determined in
elections this year.
The first of these elections
comes tomorrow, when Colom
bians will elect a new Congress.
In May a new president *is to
be chosen.
Colombia, adjoining Panama
at the northwest corner of
South America, ranks as one
of the United States’ best
friends in Latin America: Pres
ident Kennedy was here in De
cember. Though largely under
developed, Colombia is the
world’s No. 2 coffee producer
(after Brazil) and has gold and
oil resources.
The saddest chapter in its
history is an undeclared civil
war estimated to have taken
200,000 lives in a decade before
it died down only four years
ago.
As the election for congress
approached, gunfire crackled
with increased frequency in the
Andes mountains. In a month,
20 soldiers fell dead in am
bushes laid to political bri
igands.
The attacks on the army,
said War Minister Gen. Rafael
Hermandez Pardo, were
planned by “political factions
j to disturb the public peace, up
jset the electoral process and
obtain military equipment.”
Officials charge that some
groups seek to sabotage the
election and disrupt the Na
tional Front coalition govern
ment that brought a semblance
of peace after the bloody dec
ade 1948-58.
A-19

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