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THE SUNDAY STAR Wethington, D. C., March 19, 1962 h- Isi! ■ . • r lUh 1J - jo tB J .wi! ISHHHi * j B z J I Jh HL ® yah. ' Hk Hi % iwte' I- ' Irish Ambassador Thomas J. Kiernan presents a clump of shamrocks to President Kennedy at the White House yesterday.—-Star Staff Photo. O'Kennedy, O'T rumen Merk St Patrick's Day By the Associated Press A large part of the world' became a little bit of Ireland! in celebration of St. Patrick’s Day yesterday. The cheer of the Emerald Isle radiated from Dublin to distant lands wherever the Irish and their friends were gathered. It was a solemn day, too, with religious services usually preceding the parades and fun. In Vatican City, Pope XXIII gave a State audience to Presi dent Eamon de Valera of Ire land. The Pontiff invoked di-, vine giace upon President de Valera and “upon all the chll-j dren of your noble country in l Ireland and throughout the world.” In Washington, President Kennedy, wearing a green silk necktie, followed custom by re ceiving the Irish Ambassador, Thomas J. Kiernan, who pre sented a gift of shamrocks. Mr. Kennedy, a descendant of Erin and not without a quip, asked the Ambassador to give a little speech to newsmen on “how fortunate it is to be Irish.” Yiddish Celebrate In New York, 120,000 Irish i and non-Irish joined in march-:: ing along Fifth avenue under sunny skies and in a spanking ] TEXT OF LETTER Kennedy Proposes Space Co-operation Following is the text of a letter on space co-opera tion sent March 7 by President Kennedy to Soviet Premier Khrushchev: On February twenty-second last I wrote you that I was in structing appropriate officers of this Government to prepare concrete proposals for imme diate projects of common ac tion in the exploration of space. I now present such pro posals to you. The exploration of space is a broad and varied activity and the possibilities for co-opera tion are many. In suggesting the possible first step which are set out below, I do not in tend to limit our mutual con sideration of desirable co-op erative activities. On the con trary, I will welcome your con crete suggestions along these or other lines. Weather Data Sought 1. Perhaps we could render no greater service to mankind through oui’ space programs than by the joint establishment of an early operational weather satellite system. Such a system would be designed to provide global weather data for prompt use by any nation. To initi ate this service, I propose that the United States and the Soviet Union each launch a satellite to photograph cloud! cover and provide other agreed ! meteorological services for all! nations. The two satellites would be placed in near-polar orbits in planes approximately perpendicular to each other,! thus providing regular coverage! of all areas. This immensely! valuable data would then be disseminated through normal; international meteorological! channels and would make a' significant contribution to the research and service programs now under study by the World Meteorological Organization in response to Resolution 1721 (XVI) adopted by the United; Nations General Assembly on! December 20, 1961. Asks Tracking Unit 2. It would be of great in-; terest to those responsible for the conduct of our respective! space programs if they could obtain operational tracking services from each other’s ter ritories. Accordingly, I pro pose that each of our countries establish and operate a radio tracking station to provide tracking services to the other, utilizing equipment which we would each provide to the other. Thus, the United States would provide the technical equipment for a tracking sta- i breeze to the applause of an I estimated million spectators. [! The city wore the bright ’.green tinge of Ireland. That , was the hue of hats, scarves, carnations, pennants and shop ' window displays. Even the cen ' ter traffic dividing line of the avenue was painted green for the occasion, as has become the ; custom in recent years. The Loyal League of Yiddish ■ Sons of Erin, made up of Jew ish persons bom in Ireland, celebrated in New York with a dinner a day ahead of the par- ’ i ade. Parades were the order of I the day in a number of cities. Dublin had a procession with 15 bands and a number of floats along with a lengthy sports program. Shamrocks ! were in short supply, but sou venir shops offered plastic ’ shillelaghs—-made in Hong Kong. Foi-mer President Harry S. Truman turned Irish for a day , and rode smilingly in a two ! hour parade in Savannah, Ga. ( Boston had a double celebra- 1 ition. It was St. Patrick’s Day and also Evacuation Day, mark- J ing the 185th anniversary of the i day the colonists drove the i British from the city in 1777. 1 St. Patrick's Day was the i paramount celebration, ob- 1 tion to be established in the; Soviet Union and to be op-! ; erated by Soviet technicians.! The United States would ini turn establish and operate a! radio tracking station utilizing ' Soviet equipment. Each coun try would train the other’s technicians in the operation of i its equipment, would utilize the . station located on its territory to provide tracking services to the other, and would afford i such access as may be neces sary to accommodate modifi cations and maintenance of equipment from time to time. Magnetic Field Map 3. In the field of the earth! sciences, the precise character! of the earth’s magnetic field is central to many scientific prob- , lems. I propose therefore that we co-operate in mapping the earth’s magnetic field in space by utilizing two satellites, one in a near-earth orbit and the second in a more distant orbit. The United States would launch one of these satellites while the Soviet Union would launch the other. The data would be ex-[ changed throughout the world scientific community, and op- I portunities for correlation of ! supporting data obtained on s the ground would be arranged. 4. In the field of experi mental communications by sat-' ellite, the United States has! ! already undertaken arrange-1 ments to test and demonstrate! I the feasibility of interconti-j !nental transmissions. A num- Iber of countries are construct- i ing equipment suitable for ! participation in such testing. I would welcome the Soviet Union’s joining in this co operative effort which will be a step toward meeting the ob jective, contained in United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1721 (XVI), that communications by means of ! satellites should be available ! to the nations of the world as Isoon as practicable on a global and non-discriminatory basis. I note also that Secretary Rusk has broached the subject of! co-operation in this field with Minister Gromyko and that Mr. Gromyko has expressed some interest. Our technical representatives might now dis cuss specific possibilities in this field. (The references are to United States Secretary of State Rusk and Soviet Foreign Minister Gromyko). 5. Given our common in- I served in a parade of 10,000 marchers. Two cannons that stood on Dorchester Heights the day the British departed were brought back from Fort i Ticonderoga, N. Y„ to mark jthe other part of the celebra tion. Ghanian Subs for Gaels ‘ Authorities decided not to 1 fire the guns—the heights now ■ are lined with apartment 1 houses. ’ Dublin’s Lord Mayor Robert ; W. Briscoe joined in Chicago’s , St. Patrick’s Day festivities. 1 Marylhurst College students in Portland, Ore., had a pro -1 gram including the Gaelic song, “Cead Mila Failte,” which ■ means 100,000 welcomes, but ran into 'a snag. Neither Colleen Murphy, decorations chairman, nor anybody else knew the words until Augustine Able Gockah ; of Ghana solved the problem. She said she learned the words from Irish nuns in 1 Africa. Chicago’s first St. Patrick’s ! Day baby was born to Mr. and Mrs. Julius Morajda. Mr. Morajda, who claims no Irish blood, said he’s getting ac customed to celebrating with the Irish. This was the couple’s second child on a St. Patrick’s Day. Norman Raner, in Perry, lowa, marked the day by tak ing a spray gun and painting green all the snow on his lawn. He pointed out that his mother’s maiden name was Ireland. terest in manned space flights and in insuring man’s ability to survive in space and return safely, I propose that we pool our efforts and exchange our knowledge in the field of space ! medicine, where future re search can be pursued in co operation with scientists from various countries. Beyond these specific projects we are prepared now to discuss broader co-operation in the still more challenging projects which must be undertaken in the ex ploration of outer space. The ■ tasks are so challenging, the | costs so great, and the risks to the brave men who engage in space exploration so grave, that we must in all good conscience try every possibility of sharing these tasks and costs and of minimizing these risks. Leaders of the United States space pro gram have developed detailed plans for an orderly sequence of manned and unmanned flights for exploration of space and the planets. Out of dis cussion of these plans, and of iyour own, for undertaking the tasks of this decade would un doubtedly emerge possibilities for substantive scientific and technical co - operation in manned and unmanned space investigations. Some possibili ties are not yet precisely identi fiable, but should become clear as the space programs of our two countries proceed. In the case of others it may be possi ble to start planning together now. For example, we might co-operate in unmanned ex ploration of the lunar surface, or we might commence now the mutual definition of steps to be taken in sequence for an ex haustive scientific investigation |of the planets Mars or Venus, including consideration of the | possible utility of manned flight in such programs. When a proper sequence for experiments !has been determined, we might share responsibility for the necessary projects. All data would be made freely available. I believe it is both appropri ate and desirable that we take full cognizance of the scientific and other contributions which other states the world over might be able to make in such programs. As agreements are reached between us on any parts of these or similar pro grams, I propose that we report them to the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. The com mittee offers a variety of addi ! tional opportunities for joint co-operative efforts within the framework of its mandate as set forth in General Assembly Resolutions 1472 (XIV) and 1721 (XVI). I am designating technical representatives who will be pre pared to meet and discuss with your representatives our ideas and yours in a spirit of practi cal co-operation. In order to 'accomplish this at an early SPACE Satellite Program Teamplay Is Urged Continued From Page A-l posing space co-operation in general. Some Government authori ties voiced cautious optimism in discussing Mr. Kennedy's letter. They saw some prospect that the Russians might agree to one or another of the pro posals. They based this on re cent signs that Russian leaders have not slammed the door on every kind of co-operation in space efforts and that the Ken nedy proposals were realistic and in no way a propaganda stunt. These experts noted that the five-point program does not en vision joint action, in the sense that either country would en croach on projects, possessions or security of the other. They described the President’s let ter as recognizing the Russian concern about rockets and op enly urging Mr. Khrushchev to offer concrete suggestions. The detailed moves Mr. Ken nedy proposed for early co-op erative action would have the two countries: 1. Set up an operational weather satellite system to pro vide global weather informa tion for prompt use by any na tion. The United States and the Soviet Union each would launch a satellite for photo graphic and meteorological serv ices. Neither country would participate in the actual struc ture and launching of the St Patrick Sons Insist All I rish Are Quiet Men By MYRA MacFHERSON Star staff Writer The Friendly Sons were in the basement and the Hibern ians were on the first floor and if you were caught green handed in the Mayflower Hotel without an Irish name—well, last night was as good as any to learn how to fib. Not that there were to be; fisticuffs, you understand. “Everybody says the Irish fight. We’re lovable,” roared a Friendly Son of St. Patrick, dutifully paying homage to the! society's namesake. “I saw one of me friends in the lobby’ and he had his arm in a sling and I said, ‘lt’s a tirrible thing for you to be wounded so early in the evening,’ but it was just a jest.” Another Friendly Son beam ed, “How can we fight? We’re happy. It’s stag.” Then someone asked Sam McHugh, a Friendly Son, what he thought of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, meeting for a dinner and dance in the ball room. “Hibernians? Fine group. I once did a tirrible thing to a Hibernian friend and said, ‘you know, Clarence, you have a fine group—only trouble is you have to be dead to belong—only I didn’t mean it,” Mr. McHugh said. “The Hibernians are" com- ALGERIA Continued From Page A-l tional Committee of French Resistance in Algeria.” A statement delivered to newsmen said the committee' has called on fugitive Ex-Gen. Raoul Salan, Secret Army chief, “immediately to under take the liberation of Algerian territory, to assure its safety and its maintenance within the framework of the French re public.” Gen. Salan is believed to be somewhere in Algeria. Here in the city of Oran, Secret Army squads again made their own identity checks for the third straight day without interference from the police or government forces. One squad entered the offices of the city’s gas and electrical headquarters and demanded identity papers of all employes. They stamped the papers with a Secret Army I symbol. Papers Checked Another squad, dressed in camouflage paratroop uni forms, stopped persons near Oran’s central postoffice and coolly checked papers. Then they drove off the wrong way on a one-way street in a mili tary truck. Not a policeman was in sight. Elsewhere in Oran, the secret date, I suggest that the rep resentatives of our two coun tries who will be coming to New York to take part in the United Nations Outer Space Committee meet privately to discuss the proposals set forth in this letter. •TODAY OVER 1,000 DOGS OF ALL BREEDS AT THE BIGGEST I DOG SHOW MORNING • AFTERNOON • EVENING NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY 20th and East Capitol Streets • Obedience Dog Exhibitions • Junior Showmanship Classes Adults, $1.25; Children Under 12 , . . 50c Th« John G. Anderson Memorial Show of the NATIONAL CAPITAL KENNEL CLUB ’ h * w « imor ?"«. Moton.Dixon Colli. Club, of Washington, D. C. area, American Terrier Club, Yorkshire Terrier Club of America ana the Capital Keeshond Club. other’s satellite but would co operate in providing regular global weather coverage and in co-ordinated handling of data from the satellites. 2. Build and operate radio tracking stations in the respec tive countries to provide satel lite and space shot tracking services for each other. The United States would furnish technical equipment for the station to be established in the Soviet Union and operated by Soviet technicians. The Soviet Union similarly would provide equipment for a station in the United States operated by United States technicians. Of ficials explained that both countries have vast land areas where tracking now is impos sible. 3. Launch satellites from the United States and from the Soviet Union to map the earth's magnetic field in outer space. Such coordinated satel lites in different orbits could provide valuable information to the world scientific com munity about the effects of the magnetic field on space explo ration, Mr. Kennedy said. 4. Expand a program al ready under way between the United States and several oth er nations to test communica tions by satellite and the feasi bility of sending messages from one part of the earth to an other by satellite. The letter observed that Soviet Foreign mitted to the principle they want to unite the North and South—of Ireland, that is. Now the Friendly Sons want every body to be friendly and all— but we don’t want to mix in politics,” said Mr. McHugh. Down the hall the Hibernians were gathering and Michael G. Dowd, national past president ;of the order, was ushering everybody in. “Do we fight? Oh, no,” he , said. “We’re the happiest peo ple in the world. But we can I cry. All of us can cry. It comes from deep, down and it’s sin cere. “The Friendly Sons? Fine people. Now, they’re not all Irish, you understand—and to be Hibernian you have to have Irish blood in your veins. But that does not mean we’re not all friends. "In fact, after their program, they send their singers to en tertain us. A fine group of sing ers they are.” The evening went on. And the singers did come upstairs to serenade. And by midnight, the singing group was aug mented. The chorus was now a thousand strong Friendly Sons, the Hibernians, and some temporary “Irishmen” picked up along the way—giving a slightly off-key, but still con genial, farewell to St. Patrick’s Day, 1962. army raided three district po lice stations, seizing arms and medical supplies. The underground thus moved closer toward the critical stage of its all-out resistance to Al . geria’s independence as French and Algerian Nationalist rebels continued peace talks in Evian. French city near the Swiss border. Another round of talks was scheduled for Friday. The tempo of attacks was un slackened. At least 33 persons were killed and 45 wounded yesterday. The secret army’s announce ment of its underground com mittee claimed the support of some in the French military in Algeria. The announcement said the decision to form the “resistance committee” was taken March 14 by secret army chiefs “assisted by Moslem and military per sonalities.” Eight of the latest attacks in Algiers were aimed against pharmacies, where eight Mos lem attendants were shot dead and three wounded. A Euro pean pharmacy owner who tried to protect his Moslem em ploye was wounded. All phar macies closed jn the terror gripped city, already affected by the strike of gasoline dis tributors and public transport. Ahmad on Hand UDAIPUR, India. Mar. 17 <AP).—Vice President’s Lyndon B. Johnson’s Pakistani camel driver friend, Bashir Ahmad, will be on hand to greet Mrs. John F. Kennedy when she visits Pakistan March 25, Minister Gromyko has Indi-! cated some interest in this field. 5. Pool efforts and exchange knowledge about space medi cine to facilitate manned space flights and insure survival and safe return. Mr. Kennedy said tht space co-operation and scientific contributions in those or sub sequently broader programs need not be confined to the United States and the Soviet; Union. He called atention to the United Nations Commitee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space as an appropriate place to receive, consider and report whatever agreements are made on these and similar programs The committee meets in New York tomorrow. I HSSdS&I I A Totally New Principle of Sound Reflection Recreates, For the First Time, the "Live" Full Dimension Sound of .the Concert Stage "This is my personal invitation to you, to join me in ■ a thrilling musical and esthetic experience. Come see S and hear a truly remarkable, new concept in stereo H sound that has also mode possible on amazing ad g vance in stereo furniture styling. 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Army and Air Force officials; will be called also he said, “to explain, among other things, u present procurement practices and what appears to be un necessary and excessive costs of millions of dollars resulting from the pyramiding of profits on subcontracts.” Without elaboration, Senator McClellan said witnesses would include representatives of these firms: Aerojet-General Corp., the Boeing Co., Consolidated West ern Steel Division of United States Steel Corp., Douglas Air ■ craft Co., EMC Corp., Fruehauf Trailer Co., General Dynamics- Astronautics, International Tel ephone and Telegraph Corp.. Lear, Inc., Thiokol Chemical [Corp., Western Electric Co., and Westinghouse Electric I Corp.