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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 18, 1962, Image 8

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THE SUNDAY STAR
Wethington, D. C., March 19, 1962
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Irish Ambassador Thomas J. Kiernan presents a clump of shamrocks to
President Kennedy at the White House yesterday.—-Star Staff Photo.
O'Kennedy, O'T rumen
Merk St Patrick's Day
By the Associated Press
A large part of the world'
became a little bit of Ireland!
in celebration of St. Patrick’s
Day yesterday.
The cheer of the Emerald
Isle radiated from Dublin to
distant lands wherever the
Irish and their friends were
gathered.
It was a solemn day, too,
with religious services usually
preceding the parades and fun.
In Vatican City, Pope XXIII
gave a State audience to Presi
dent Eamon de Valera of Ire
land. The Pontiff invoked di-,
vine giace upon President de
Valera and “upon all the chll-j
dren of your noble country in l
Ireland and throughout the
world.”
In Washington, President
Kennedy, wearing a green silk
necktie, followed custom by re
ceiving the Irish Ambassador,
Thomas J. Kiernan, who pre
sented a gift of shamrocks.
Mr. Kennedy, a descendant
of Erin and not without a quip,
asked the Ambassador to give a
little speech to newsmen on
“how fortunate it is to be
Irish.”
Yiddish Celebrate
In New York, 120,000 Irish i
and non-Irish joined in march-::
ing along Fifth avenue under
sunny skies and in a spanking ]
TEXT OF LETTER
Kennedy Proposes
Space Co-operation
Following is the text of a letter on space co-opera
tion sent March 7 by President Kennedy to Soviet
Premier Khrushchev:
On February twenty-second
last I wrote you that I was in
structing appropriate officers
of this Government to prepare
concrete proposals for imme
diate projects of common ac
tion in the exploration of
space. I now present such pro
posals to you.
The exploration of space is
a broad and varied activity and
the possibilities for co-opera
tion are many. In suggesting
the possible first step which
are set out below, I do not in
tend to limit our mutual con
sideration of desirable co-op
erative activities. On the con
trary, I will welcome your con
crete suggestions along these
or other lines.
Weather Data Sought
1. Perhaps we could render
no greater service to mankind
through oui’ space programs
than by the joint establishment
of an early operational weather
satellite system. Such a system
would be designed to provide
global weather data for prompt
use by any nation. To initi
ate this service, I propose that
the United States and the
Soviet Union each launch a
satellite to photograph cloud!
cover and provide other agreed !
meteorological services for all!
nations. The two satellites
would be placed in near-polar
orbits in planes approximately
perpendicular to each other,!
thus providing regular coverage!
of all areas. This immensely!
valuable data would then be
disseminated through normal;
international meteorological!
channels and would make a'
significant contribution to the
research and service programs
now under study by the World
Meteorological Organization in
response to Resolution 1721
(XVI) adopted by the United;
Nations General Assembly on!
December 20, 1961.
Asks Tracking Unit
2. It would be of great in-;
terest to those responsible for
the conduct of our respective!
space programs if they could
obtain operational tracking
services from each other’s ter
ritories. Accordingly, I pro
pose that each of our countries
establish and operate a radio
tracking station to provide
tracking services to the other,
utilizing equipment which we
would each provide to the
other. Thus, the United States
would provide the technical
equipment for a tracking sta-
i breeze to the applause of an
I estimated million spectators.
[! The city wore the bright
’.green tinge of Ireland. That
, was the hue of hats, scarves,
carnations, pennants and shop
' window displays. Even the cen
' ter traffic dividing line of the
avenue was painted green for
the occasion, as has become the
; custom in recent years.
The Loyal League of Yiddish
■ Sons of Erin, made up of Jew
ish persons bom in Ireland,
celebrated in New York with a
dinner a day ahead of the par-
’ i ade.
Parades were the order of
I the day in a number of cities.
Dublin had a procession with
15 bands and a number of
floats along with a lengthy
sports program. Shamrocks
! were in short supply, but sou
venir shops offered plastic
’ shillelaghs—-made in Hong
Kong.
Foi-mer President Harry S.
Truman turned Irish for a day ,
and rode smilingly in a two
! hour parade in Savannah, Ga. (
Boston had a double celebra- 1
ition. It was St. Patrick’s Day
and also Evacuation Day, mark- J
ing the 185th anniversary of the i
day the colonists drove the i
British from the city in 1777. 1
St. Patrick's Day was the i
paramount celebration, ob- 1
tion to be established in the;
Soviet Union and to be op-!
; erated by Soviet technicians.!
The United States would ini
turn establish and operate a!
radio tracking station utilizing
' Soviet equipment. Each coun
try would train the other’s
technicians in the operation of
i its equipment, would utilize the
. station located on its territory
to provide tracking services to
the other, and would afford
i such access as may be neces
sary to accommodate modifi
cations and maintenance of
equipment from time to time.
Magnetic Field Map
3. In the field of the earth!
sciences, the precise character!
of the earth’s magnetic field is
central to many scientific prob-
, lems. I propose therefore that
we co-operate in mapping the
earth’s magnetic field in space
by utilizing two satellites, one
in a near-earth orbit and the
second in a more distant orbit.
The United States would launch
one of these satellites while the
Soviet Union would launch the
other. The data would be ex-[
changed throughout the world
scientific community, and op-
I portunities for correlation of
! supporting data obtained on
s the ground would be arranged.
4. In the field of experi
mental communications by sat-'
ellite, the United States has!
! already undertaken arrange-1
ments to test and demonstrate!
I the feasibility of interconti-j
!nental transmissions. A num-
Iber of countries are construct-
i ing equipment suitable for
! participation in such testing. I
would welcome the Soviet
Union’s joining in this co
operative effort which will be
a step toward meeting the ob
jective, contained in United
Nations General Assembly
Resolution 1721 (XVI), that
communications by means of
! satellites should be available
! to the nations of the world as
Isoon as practicable on a global
and non-discriminatory basis. I
note also that Secretary Rusk
has broached the subject of!
co-operation in this field with
Minister Gromyko and that
Mr. Gromyko has expressed
some interest. Our technical
representatives might now dis
cuss specific possibilities in
this field.
(The references are to
United States Secretary of
State Rusk and Soviet Foreign
Minister Gromyko).
5. Given our common in-
I served in a parade of 10,000
marchers. Two cannons that
stood on Dorchester Heights
the day the British departed
were brought back from Fort
i Ticonderoga, N. Y„ to mark
jthe other part of the celebra
tion.
Ghanian Subs for Gaels
‘ Authorities decided not to
1 fire the guns—the heights now
■ are lined with apartment
1 houses.
’ Dublin’s Lord Mayor Robert
; W. Briscoe joined in Chicago’s
, St. Patrick’s Day festivities.
1 Marylhurst College students
in Portland, Ore., had a pro
-1 gram including the Gaelic song,
“Cead Mila Failte,” which
■ means 100,000 welcomes, but
ran into 'a snag.
Neither Colleen Murphy,
decorations chairman, nor
anybody else knew the words
until Augustine Able Gockah
; of Ghana solved the problem.
She said she learned the
words from Irish nuns in
1 Africa.
Chicago’s first St. Patrick’s
! Day baby was born to Mr. and
Mrs. Julius Morajda. Mr.
Morajda, who claims no Irish
blood, said he’s getting ac
customed to celebrating with
the Irish. This was the
couple’s second child on a St.
Patrick’s Day.
Norman Raner, in Perry,
lowa, marked the day by tak
ing a spray gun and painting
green all the snow on his lawn.
He pointed out that his
mother’s maiden name was
Ireland.
terest in manned space flights
and in insuring man’s ability
to survive in space and return
safely, I propose that we pool
our efforts and exchange our
knowledge in the field of space
! medicine, where future re
search can be pursued in co
operation with scientists from
various countries.
Beyond these specific projects
we are prepared now to discuss
broader co-operation in the still
more challenging projects which
must be undertaken in the ex
ploration of outer space. The
■ tasks are so challenging, the
| costs so great, and the risks to
the brave men who engage in
space exploration so grave, that
we must in all good conscience
try every possibility of sharing
these tasks and costs and of
minimizing these risks. Leaders
of the United States space pro
gram have developed detailed
plans for an orderly sequence
of manned and unmanned
flights for exploration of space
and the planets. Out of dis
cussion of these plans, and of
iyour own, for undertaking the
tasks of this decade would un
doubtedly emerge possibilities
for substantive scientific and
technical co - operation in
manned and unmanned space
investigations. Some possibili
ties are not yet precisely identi
fiable, but should become clear
as the space programs of our
two countries proceed. In the
case of others it may be possi
ble to start planning together
now. For example, we might
co-operate in unmanned ex
ploration of the lunar surface,
or we might commence now the
mutual definition of steps to be
taken in sequence for an ex
haustive scientific investigation
|of the planets Mars or Venus,
including consideration of the
| possible utility of manned flight
in such programs. When a
proper sequence for experiments
!has been determined, we might
share responsibility for the
necessary projects. All data
would be made freely available.
I believe it is both appropri
ate and desirable that we take
full cognizance of the scientific
and other contributions which
other states the world over
might be able to make in such
programs. As agreements are
reached between us on any
parts of these or similar pro
grams, I propose that we report
them to the United Nations
Committee on the Peaceful
Uses of Outer Space. The com
mittee offers a variety of addi
! tional opportunities for joint
co-operative efforts within the
framework of its mandate as
set forth in General Assembly
Resolutions 1472 (XIV) and
1721 (XVI).
I am designating technical
representatives who will be pre
pared to meet and discuss with
your representatives our ideas
and yours in a spirit of practi
cal co-operation. In order to
'accomplish this at an early
SPACE
Satellite Program
Teamplay Is Urged
Continued From Page A-l
posing space co-operation in
general.
Some Government authori
ties voiced cautious optimism
in discussing Mr. Kennedy's
letter. They saw some prospect
that the Russians might agree
to one or another of the pro
posals. They based this on re
cent signs that Russian leaders
have not slammed the door on
every kind of co-operation in
space efforts and that the Ken
nedy proposals were realistic
and in no way a propaganda
stunt.
These experts noted that the
five-point program does not en
vision joint action, in the sense
that either country would en
croach on projects, possessions
or security of the other. They
described the President’s let
ter as recognizing the Russian
concern about rockets and op
enly urging Mr. Khrushchev to
offer concrete suggestions.
The detailed moves Mr. Ken
nedy proposed for early co-op
erative action would have the
two countries:
1. Set up an operational
weather satellite system to pro
vide global weather informa
tion for prompt use by any na
tion. The United States and the
Soviet Union each would
launch a satellite for photo
graphic and meteorological serv
ices. Neither country would
participate in the actual struc
ture and launching of the
St Patrick Sons Insist
All I rish Are Quiet Men
By MYRA MacFHERSON
Star staff Writer
The Friendly Sons were in
the basement and the Hibern
ians were on the first floor and
if you were caught green
handed in the Mayflower Hotel
without an Irish name—well,
last night was as good as any
to learn how to fib.
Not that there were to be;
fisticuffs, you understand.
“Everybody says the Irish
fight. We’re lovable,” roared a
Friendly Son of St. Patrick,
dutifully paying homage to the!
society's namesake. “I saw one
of me friends in the lobby’ and
he had his arm in a sling and
I said, ‘lt’s a tirrible thing for
you to be wounded so early in
the evening,’ but it was just a
jest.”
Another Friendly Son beam
ed, “How can we fight? We’re
happy. It’s stag.”
Then someone asked Sam
McHugh, a Friendly Son, what
he thought of the Ancient Order
of Hibernians, meeting for a
dinner and dance in the ball
room.
“Hibernians? Fine group. I
once did a tirrible thing to a
Hibernian friend and said, ‘you
know, Clarence, you have a fine
group—only trouble is you have
to be dead to belong—only I
didn’t mean it,” Mr. McHugh
said.
“The Hibernians are" com-
ALGERIA
Continued From Page A-l
tional Committee of French
Resistance in Algeria.”
A statement delivered to
newsmen said the committee'
has called on fugitive Ex-Gen.
Raoul Salan, Secret Army
chief, “immediately to under
take the liberation of Algerian
territory, to assure its safety
and its maintenance within the
framework of the French re
public.” Gen. Salan is believed
to be somewhere in Algeria.
Here in the city of Oran,
Secret Army squads again made
their own identity checks for
the third straight day without
interference from the police or
government forces. One squad
entered the offices of the city’s
gas and electrical headquarters
and demanded identity papers
of all employes. They stamped
the papers with a Secret Army
I symbol.
Papers Checked
Another squad, dressed in
camouflage paratroop uni
forms, stopped persons near
Oran’s central postoffice and
coolly checked papers. Then
they drove off the wrong way
on a one-way street in a mili
tary truck. Not a policeman
was in sight.
Elsewhere in Oran, the secret
date, I suggest that the rep
resentatives of our two coun
tries who will be coming to
New York to take part in the
United Nations Outer Space
Committee meet privately to
discuss the proposals set forth
in this letter.
•TODAY
OVER 1,000 DOGS OF
ALL BREEDS
AT THE BIGGEST
I DOG SHOW
MORNING • AFTERNOON • EVENING
NATIONAL GUARD ARMORY
20th and East Capitol Streets
• Obedience Dog Exhibitions
• Junior Showmanship Classes
Adults, $1.25; Children Under 12 , . . 50c
Th« John G. Anderson Memorial Show of the
NATIONAL CAPITAL KENNEL CLUB
’ h * w « imor ?"«. Moton.Dixon Colli.
Club, of Washington, D. C. area, American Terrier Club, Yorkshire
Terrier Club of America ana the Capital Keeshond Club.
other’s satellite but would co
operate in providing regular
global weather coverage and in
co-ordinated handling of data
from the satellites.
2. Build and operate radio
tracking stations in the respec
tive countries to provide satel
lite and space shot tracking
services for each other. The
United States would furnish
technical equipment for the
station to be established in the
Soviet Union and operated by
Soviet technicians. The Soviet
Union similarly would provide
equipment for a station in the
United States operated by
United States technicians. Of
ficials explained that both
countries have vast land areas
where tracking now is impos
sible.
3. Launch satellites from the
United States and from the
Soviet Union to map the
earth's magnetic field in outer
space. Such coordinated satel
lites in different orbits could
provide valuable information
to the world scientific com
munity about the effects of the
magnetic field on space explo
ration, Mr. Kennedy said.
4. Expand a program al
ready under way between the
United States and several oth
er nations to test communica
tions by satellite and the feasi
bility of sending messages from
one part of the earth to an
other by satellite. The letter
observed that Soviet Foreign
mitted to the principle they
want to unite the North and
South—of Ireland, that is. Now
the Friendly Sons want every
body to be friendly and all—
but we don’t want to mix in
politics,” said Mr. McHugh.
Down the hall the Hibernians
were gathering and Michael G.
Dowd, national past president
;of the order, was ushering
everybody in.
“Do we fight? Oh, no,” he
, said. “We’re the happiest peo
ple in the world. But we can
I cry. All of us can cry. It comes
from deep, down and it’s sin
cere.
“The Friendly Sons? Fine
people. Now, they’re not all
Irish, you understand—and to
be Hibernian you have to have
Irish blood in your veins. But
that does not mean we’re not
all friends.
"In fact, after their program,
they send their singers to en
tertain us. A fine group of sing
ers they are.”
The evening went on. And
the singers did come upstairs
to serenade. And by midnight,
the singing group was aug
mented. The chorus was now a
thousand strong Friendly
Sons, the Hibernians, and some
temporary “Irishmen” picked
up along the way—giving a
slightly off-key, but still con
genial, farewell to St. Patrick’s
Day, 1962.
army raided three district po
lice stations, seizing arms and
medical supplies.
The underground thus moved
closer toward the critical stage
of its all-out resistance to Al
. geria’s independence as French
and Algerian Nationalist rebels
continued peace talks in Evian.
French city near the Swiss
border. Another round of talks
was scheduled for Friday.
The tempo of attacks was un
slackened. At least 33 persons
were killed and 45 wounded
yesterday.
The secret army’s announce
ment of its underground com
mittee claimed the support of
some in the French military in
Algeria.
The announcement said the
decision to form the “resistance
committee” was taken March 14
by secret army chiefs “assisted
by Moslem and military per
sonalities.”
Eight of the latest attacks
in Algiers were aimed against
pharmacies, where eight Mos
lem attendants were shot dead
and three wounded. A Euro
pean pharmacy owner who
tried to protect his Moslem em
ploye was wounded. All phar
macies closed jn the terror
gripped city, already affected
by the strike of gasoline dis
tributors and public transport.
Ahmad on Hand
UDAIPUR, India. Mar. 17
<AP).—Vice President’s Lyndon
B. Johnson’s Pakistani camel
driver friend, Bashir Ahmad,
will be on hand to greet Mrs.
John F. Kennedy when she
visits Pakistan March 25,
Minister Gromyko has Indi-!
cated some interest in this
field.
5. Pool efforts and exchange
knowledge about space medi
cine to facilitate manned space
flights and insure survival and
safe return.
Mr. Kennedy said tht space
co-operation and scientific
contributions in those or sub
sequently broader programs
need not be confined to the
United States and the Soviet;
Union. He called atention to
the United Nations Commitee
on the Peaceful Uses of Outer
Space as an appropriate place
to receive, consider and report
whatever agreements are made
on these and similar programs
The committee meets in New
York tomorrow.
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McClellan Plans
U.S. Investigation
Os Space Profits
Bv the Associated Press
Senator McClellan. Demo
crat of Arkansas, announced
yesterday he will start public
hearings April 3 to determine
whether taxpayers were gouged
iby profiteering on missile and
I space contracts.
He said officials of some gi-1
ant industrial firms have been
subpoenaed for questions by
his Senate Investigating Sub-
I committee.
Army and Air Force officials;
will be called also he said, “to
explain, among other things, u
present procurement practices
and what appears to be un
necessary and excessive costs
of millions of dollars resulting
from the pyramiding of profits
on subcontracts.”
Without elaboration, Senator
McClellan said witnesses would
include representatives of these
firms:
Aerojet-General Corp., the
Boeing Co., Consolidated West
ern Steel Division of United
States Steel Corp., Douglas Air
■ craft Co., EMC Corp., Fruehauf
Trailer Co., General Dynamics-
Astronautics, International Tel
ephone and Telegraph Corp..
Lear, Inc., Thiokol Chemical
[Corp., Western Electric Co.,
and Westinghouse Electric
I Corp.

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