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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 13, 1962, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
District and vicinity—Showers and scat
tered thundershowers tonight, low near 66.
Clearing tomorrow and high in the lower
80s. High, 81, at 2 p.m. today; low, 65,
at 3 a.m. today. 2 pm. relative humidity,
53 per cent.
Full Report oa Page 1-2
110th Year.
No. 225.
Cosmonauts Still Orbiting Earth
Tear Gas Battle
Fought by Police
Over Berlin Wall
Huge Crowds
In West Sector
Scream Anger
BERLIN. .Aug. 13 (API.—
Border guards fought a fierce
tear gas battle today as massed
West Berliners screamed their
hatred of the Red Wall on
its first anniversary.
The battle erupted in the
Wllhelmstrasse. opposite the
former Nazi Air Ministry. It
is now the seat of several East
German government ministries.
East police shot a stream of
water from a water cannon at
West Berlin youths carrying a
wooden cross along' the wall.
Enraged West Berliners then
hurled stones at the water can
non.
Eastern guards then tossed
tear gas grenades into the
thickly massed crowd. The
grenades went off with loud
explosions and poured out
clouds of stinging, choking gas.
West police immediately threw
about 150 tear gas grenades
over the wall. They fell all
around two water cannon,
which were envoiped in a thick
cloud of gas.
Water Cannon Pulls Back
The water cannon withdrew
about 30 yards. The gasping,
choking crews had to get out
for fresh air.
Western police were soaking
wet, as were the youths carry
ing the cross.
A company of 100 west riot
police was rushed to the scene.
TTiere were about 80 Eastern
police—Vopos—massed on the
other side of the wall.
The Western reinforcements
were ordered up after thousands
of booing, shouting persons
massed along the wall.
A United States Army heli
copter hovered over the crowd
on the west side of the wall
near Friedrichstrasse. People
waved to the pilot, who waved
back.
Easterners Try to Join
East Berliners tried to join In
ths demonstration. But Com
• 'unist police kept them back,
ut 100 persons were seen
ig pushed back in the Unter
i Linden and Wilhelm
asse in East Berlin.
Windows in buildings on the
side of the border were
ig open as persons inside
ened up to the Western out
s of anger but Communist
v-ficials quickly shut them. I
Workers in a big East Ber
in printing plant just over the
all packed the windows and
waved to the demonstrators in
the West.
The din along the wall was
tremendous.
The Communists brought up
loudspeakers blaring martial
music in an attempt to drown
out the shouts from the West.
Western police said they
heard the rumble of tanks in
East Berlin and saw truckloads
of steel-helmeted troops being
deployed on streets leading to
the wall.
The Communist guards ap-
See BERLIN, Page A-12
' :
Japanese GNP Up
TOKYO, Aug. 13 (AP).—The
economic planning board says
Japan’s gross national product
is expected to total ssl billion
in fiscal year 1962 and the eco
nomic growth rate to reach 4.5
per cent.
Very few Bridge players
argue with Alfred Sheinwold.
It rarely pays.
It does pay to join the host
of players who perfected
their Bridge game with
Sheinwold's help. His column
SHEINWOLD ON BRIDGE
appears
. . . In Today’s Star
Page B-19
®he Juciumi Btar
I , J WITH SUNDAY MORNING. EDITION
Phone LI. 3-5000
Falls Church
Bank Robbed
Bandit Escapes
With $20,500
A bandit today robbed the
Mount Vernon Bank & Trust
Co. at Bailey’s Crossroads of
820.500. then escaped in traffic
at Seven Corners, Va., after a
chase by police.
The bandit passed a plastic
bag to three different tellers
and took all the cash at their
windows but officials were un
able to estimate the amount of
the loot.
A motorcycle policeman, Paul
Downey, sped to the bank at
903 Leesburg Pike, Falls
Church, Va., when the burglar
alarm sounded at 11:26 am.
He was just In time to see
a 1961 Chevrolet speeding west
on Route 7 toward Seven Cor
ners. The policeman chased thej
fugitive car over the two miles
of heavily-traveled road be
tween Bailey’s Crossroads and
the big traffic complex at
Seven Comers. But there, the
' bandit’s car was able to elude
■ pursuit in the converging
■ streams of traffic.
Escape Car Found
Police immediately broadcast
,a lookout for a 25-year-old:
t white man, about six feet tall,,
. weighing 160 pounds and wear-i
i ing a cowboy hat, large, black
s gloves and dark sweater or
i jacket.
il A quick chpckup of the Dis
i trict license tags on the fugi
i tive car indicated it was rented
on a yearly basis to a business
firm. The car. which had been
I left Friday on the Pentagon
I parking lot. was believed to be
i stolen, police said.
I Within half an hour of the
robbery, police recovered the
car where it had been aban
doned in Arlington County's
Olen Carlyn Park off Columbia
pike.
FBI men and police of all
area jurisdictions immediately
began looking-for the robber.
Police covered all the bridges
across the Potomac and all
highways likely to be used as
an escape route.
Fairfax Police Chief William
Durrer said there were four or
five customers in the bank as
See BANK, Page A-6'
Italians Make Loan
ROME, Aug. 13 (AP).—ltaly
has approved a S2O million loan
vO Communist Yugoslavia to
cover debts for Italian goods
purchased on a deferred pay
ment plan.
Divided Berlin Observes a Grim Anniversary
By CROSBY S. NOYES
Foreign Correspondent of The Star
BERLIN, Aug. 13.—1 t starts at the
end of Benschallee near the carefully
tended beds of dahlias and peonies on
the outskirts of the residential district
of Zehlendorf.
There isn’t much to see. Near the
solitary West German guard post,
Benschallee peters out into a weed
grown, cobblestone strip. A flimsy pipe
barrier marks the boundary on the
Western side with the inevitable sign,
“You are leaving the American sector,”
written in four languages. From the
brown clapboard police shack comes
the sound of rock-and-roll music.
And then a few yards further on
the wall begins. Massive slabs of dirty
gray concrete, piled like children’s
building blocks to a height of twelve
feet or so, shut out the view of willow
trees .and redroofed houses on the
other side. On top of the slabs fixed
to V-shaped iron brackets, a tangle
of barbed-wire makes a formidable
barrier.
25 Miles of Concrete
The wall stretches away toward the
east, following the irregular line of
the sector boundary. On the right a
guard tower of the East German
Volkspolizei dominates the area from
a height of some 40 feet. Atop an ap
ple tree behind the wia loudspeaker
has been set up to broadcast ear-split-
*♦* WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, AUGUST 13, 1962—40 PAGES
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RUSSIA'S COSMONAUTS IN THEIR WORKING CLOTHES
Soviet Cosmonauts Andrian Nikolayev and Pavel Popovich
are shown here in the cumbersome suits and helmets they
are wearing while in orbit. At left is Lt. Col. Popovich in a
photo taken from a TV screen before he was launched into
Attempt to Sidetrack
Satellite Bill Pledged
Mansfield to Act if Cloture Fails,
But Dirksen Is Set to Fight Delay ' s
By J. A. O’LEARY
Star SUIt Writer
Democratic Leader Mansfield served notice today that, if ‘
the Senate refuses twice to curb debate on the satellite com
munication bill, he will move to sidetrack the bill for other
urgent business.
But Republican Leader Dirksen. whose 36 Republicans are
believed to be solidly for the pending private enterprise bill.
indicated he would resist any
attempt to abandon the bill.
Senator Dirksen said that, if
debate cannot be curtailed un
der the cloture rule, which re
quires two-thirds of those pres
ent and voting, he would favor
around-the-clock sessions to
break the filibuster. Senator
Mansfield is against marathon
sessions.
The first vote on cloture will
be taken tomorrow afternoon.
Supporters of the satellite bill
are optimistic but concede it
will be close.
Up to noon today, the op
ponents filed between 75 and
100 amendments, all of which
could be called up for a vote
if cloture is adapted tomorrow.
This could take several days,
even though each Senator
would be restricted to one hour
of debate on all amendments.
The opponents may continue
to file amendments up to the
hour when cloture is voted on
tomorrow.
Second Petition Planned
Senator Mansfield said that,
lif cloture fails tomorrow, he
will immediately file a second
cloture petition, which would,
’have to be voted on Thurs
day afternoon.
•/The decision is up to the
1 Senate,*' said the Democratic
leader. “If it does not see fit
to invoke cloture, we will go onl
to the farm and drug control
billa."
But Senator Dirksen said
there are only two ways by
which the satellite bill could
be laid aside—by unanimous
consent or by majority vote tol!
take up another measure.
Gore Presses Amendment
Indicating that unanimous
consent would not be
Senator Dirksen added, “11,
think there would be a sub
stantial vote against setting ,
this bill aside.’’
When the Senate met at 10
See FILIBUSTER, Page A-12
KENNEDY'S TAX
SPEECH ON TV
President Kennedy's ad
dress on the Nation’s econ
omy will be telecast live at
7 o’clock tonight on WMAL
TV, WTOP-TV and WRC
TV and will be carried by
I WTTG-TV at 11:10 p.m.
WWDC - AM - FM and
WMAL will carry live radio
broadcasts. (Story on Page
A-2.)
J -
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Ulii J--"'
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West Berliners contemplate the wall.—AP Wirephoto.
ting propaganda and patriotic music
to whatever West Berliners may hap
pen to be in this desolate spot.
Benschallee marks the beginning of
the massive barrier against humanity
which cuts through the heart of Ber
lin from Zehlendorf to Blankenfelde
in the French sector 25 miles to the
REACTION TO FEAT
Kennedy Salutes Team
By tne Auoeletec 1 Press ] t
President Kennedy has con- s
gratulated the Soviet Union on s
its latest space accomplishment. I
but American space officials <
adopted a wait-and-see atti- I
■ tude and withheld official com- ,
ment. 1
While relaxing over the week i
end at Boothbay Harbor,
Maine, Mr. Kennedy said in a
statement: “I congratulate the
Soviet Union on this excep
tional technical feat and salute
'the courage of her two new
astronauts. The American,'
people, I know, wish them a
safe return.”
I In Washington, a spokesman
I for the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration said: :
“Until we know more about the
, Soviet mission we can’t com
ment intelligently about it.”
Across the United States,
American televiewers saw films .
of the two Soviet cosmonauts
who are orbiting the earth in,
twin spaceships. The films:
were flown to New York after:
they were recorded in London
from Eurovision broadcasts
picked up from Moscow. ABC,
CBS. and NBC then trans
mitted them yesterday across
their television networks.
Voices Heard
American radio listeners also
heard recordings of the voices:
of Cosmonauts Andrian Niko-:
layev and Pavel Popovich re
porting back from their orbital
flight.
A further treat was denied
American viewers when, accord
ing to NBC, Russia rejected a
joint proposal from the three
networks that an attempt be
made today to transmit live
SPECIAL REPORT
north. Along the outlying boundary
to the West, amid forests, haystacks
and potato fields, more modest de
fenses suffice.
Sixty five miles of zonal border are
protected by a system of multiple
barbed-wire fences backed by plowed
“death strips” sewn with mines and
'
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space yesterday. Maj. Nikolayev is pictured as he appears on
Moscow television screens in his spaceship, Vostok 111, during
his orbits around the earth.—AP Wirephotos from TV tape
and via radio from Moscow.
television from the Russian r
spaceships via the Telstar t
satellite. 1
Although United States space 1
officials would not be quoted 1
by name, it was clear that i
America once again was be- <
hind in the space race for the '
moon. Astronaut Scott Carpen
ter, who circled the earth three
times last May, put it thia way:l
“We’re behind and trying our
best to catch up.”
Lt. Comdr. Carpenter, vaca
tioning at Palmer Lake, Colo.,
voiced confidence in the United
States space program and said
the Russian dual-orbit would
not alter it. “We’ve got a good
plan put together by intelli
gent men and we’re sticking to
it,” he said.
Earlier, the Soviet news
agency Tass reported that a 1
'FALCON' AND 'GOLDEN EAGLE' ■
EXCHANGE GOSSIP BY RADIO
MOSCOW (AP).—Cosmonaut Andrian Nikolayev
is "Falcon” and Cosmonaut Pavel Popovich is “Golden
Eagle.” h
These are the code names they use for beginning
radio contacts with each other or with the earth.
Gherman Titov, during his flight last year, started
his broadcasts by saying, “I am Eagle.”
Tass said the two had this conversation today:
Popovich: "I am Golden Eagle calling Falcon. I
hear you well, the temperature is 18 degrees (centigrade*,
humidity 65 per cent. Have you understood me well? ”
Nikolayev: “I am Falcon calling Golden Eagle. I
have understood you. Everything is all right with me.
The temperature is 15 degrees. Humidity 65 per cent,
feeling fine. Slept well.”
Popovich: “Golden Eagle calling: Am in good mood.
> Slept well. Feeling marvelous.”
Home Delivered:
Daily and Sunday, per month, 2.25
message from Comdr. Carpen
ter. received in Moscow via the |
Associated Press, had been re- i
layed to spaceman Nikolayev :
while he was in orbit. The mes
sage, given by Comdr. Carpen
ter Saturday in an Interview
with the Denver Post, was:
“Congratulations on your
feat. I would like to exchange
i places with you. if that were
possible, tor I would like once
'more to be on a flight myself.
I wish you a successful ac
complishment of your mission.
' Happy landings.”
Expression of best wishes
came, too, from a NASA offi
cial at Cape Canaveral, Fla.,
who aaked not to be identified.
"I wish the two Russian pilots
the best of luck and congratu
late the men who put them
1 See REACTION, Page A-6
covered by sunken machinegun em
placements. On the lakes that lie
along the Western border, fast police
patrol boats are on the alert for swim
mers.
Berlin’s “country” perimeter can be
closed fairly effectively with 25 miles
of barbed wire and the constant serv
ices of some 18,000 armed guards. But
in the city itself, only the wall can
dam the flow of the desperate people
for whom freedom quite literally lies
only a few yards away.
It isn’t easy to explain what the
division of a big city means to the
people who live in it.
Imagine a wall starting in Anacos
tia and running northeast with a
bulge to Include the Capitol and on
up to the end of North Capitol street.
Imagine barbed wire and minefields
surrounding the remaining area to the
West, including Silver Spring, Chevy
Chase and McLean, Virginia. Imagine
the nearest friendly territory a hun
dred miles away near Charlottesville
and you have a rough geographic pa
rallel to Berlin.
But the physical division of the city
is only part of the picture here. From
the human standpoint, Berlin more
than most cities forms an integral
whole. Since the war successive poli
tical shocks and large-scale move
ments of population have emulsified
See WALL, Page A-12
Guide for Readers
Amuaemcnta A-10-11
Busmm. Stocks A-IH9
Classified B-10-U
Comics B-H-19
Crossword B-17
Editorial A-B
2 Reds Likely
To Stay Aloft
Through Night
Spaceships Move
Away After Being
75 Miles Apart
MOSCOW, Aug. 13 (API.—
Two Soviet cosmonauts orbited
around the earth in tandem
today, one entering his third
day in space and the other his
second in a historic feat put
ting the Russians ahead in the
race to the moon.
Already they had passed the
point where they would have
been in position to land and
that meant almost certainly
they would go on through at
least another night and morn
ing. They might possibly land
tomorrow. But nobody was
sure.
ABOARD VOSTOK 111, Maj
Andrian Nikolayev. 32. had
made 37 circuits of the earth
by 7 p.m. Moscow time 'nodfi
EDT) since blastoff Saturday
morning, Tass reported. He
had covered about 966.000 miles,
or four times the distance to
the moon.
Aboard Vostok IV, Lt. Col.
Pavel Popovich, 31. had made
21 circuits covering about 546.-
000 miles since his launching
Sunday. He also had sur
passed the 17-orbit flight of
Maj. Gherman Titov a year ago
Two Exchange Greetings
The two exchanged radio
greetings this morning after
awakening and eating break
fast, but it was not clear how
close their space ships were
together. Tass reported they
were near enough Sunday to
see each other's ships.
Trackers in Japan had put
the distance between them as
about 75 miles Sunday. But
the Bohio Research Center in
Cleveland, Ohio, said they later
had moved 385 miles apart.
After the craft passed over
the Eastern half of the United
States at 12:27 pjn. ,'EDT)
today, Sohio revised its cal
culations and said Vostok II
was 796 miles ahead of Vostok
IV and they were moving far
ther apart. Dr. A. L. Jones,
supervisor of basic research,
said they could land early to
morrow if they wanted to.
At noon, every correspondent
in Moscow braced for news that
the pilots had begun their de
scent to Soviet soil. But rumors
of a landing proved wrong and
one Soviet source declared:,
"They are not coming
today.”
Premier Khrushchev mes
saged them:
"I again congratulate you
and embrace you. I wish you
successful fulfillment of the
program of the flight, and
happy landing.”
Thanks Sent to Khrushchev
Maj. Nikolayev replied:
"I thank Nikita Sergeyevich
Khrushchev for the warmth of
his greeting. I will spare no
efforts to complete fully the
flight task.”
Said Col. Popovich: "Give
Nikita Sergeyevich great cordial
! thanks. I'll spare no effort to
fulfill the set task and to be
i healthy and unharmed. I'll do
I1 everything.”
They were shown again on
: television today, laying back in
; their chairs, occasionally rising
to a half-sitting position to
work better with a log book or
to keep it from shielding their
, faces from the television viewer
j| in the cabin of the ship. Ges
|: tures and movements were rela
l tively limited.
! Tass reported that millions
g of televiewers saw Col. Popo
s vich rise from his seat, look
j through the porthole, smile and
| drink something, then take his
seat again.
Distance to Moon Traveled
None of the Westerners seem
to belive he had left his seat
although he leaned forward in
> it far enough to look through
| the porthole.
' Both had traveled far enough
; to reach the moon and back
| but both reported they felt fine,
| instruments functioning per
il: fectly, and cabin temperature
| and other controls normal. Tass
| reported.
| A midday bulletin said: "The
| necessary medical and hygienic
| conditions in the cabins of the
i| cosmonauts are fully main
| tained.
The cosmonauts' morning
See SPACEMEN, Page A-6
I
| .J J.. i_
JIM BISHOP
TALKS TO SKIP
SKIP ROONEY IS 13. Columnist
Jim Bishop soys Skip has more
courage than some college students.
He has already decided on his
career. He wonts to be a comic
for a disc jockey, or maybe a di
rector. The story is on Page B-18.
Editorial Articles A 9
Feature Pace B-'l
Obituaries B-4
Society-Home B-6-B
Sports A-13-17
TV-Radio B-10
10 Cents

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