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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1962, Image 12

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THE SUNDAY STAR
Washington, D. C, October 2t, 1962
A-12
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Student pickets carrying plaster skulls labeled “Cuba” and decorated
with the Communist hammer and sickle emblem fall in line with other
marchers in front of the White House yesterday in support of President
Kennedy’s Cuba quarantine.—AP Photo.
Moscow Anti-U. S. Mob
Is Biggest Since Crisis
MOSCOW, Oct. 27 (AP).—
A well-organized but mostly
casual crowd of Russians
marched to the United States
Embassy from schools, factories
and offices today In the biggest
anti - American demonstration
in Moscow since the start of
the Cuban crisis. It had a
raucous start but a mild end,
with an order from police for
the crowd to go home.
Shortly before noon, about
700 youths paraded Into the
broad boulevard in front of the
yellow, 10-story embassy build
ing. They threw bottles of red,
green and purple Ink at the
building and several windows
were smashed, but no one in
side the embassy was injured.
Windows on the lower floors
had been barricaded from the
inside.
About 300 Moscow police
awaited their arrival, but did
little more than keep them off
the sidewalk in front of the
embassy. About 100 army sol
diers sat In trucks on a nearby
side street.
200 Signs Put On Fence
Two hours later, when fac
tories and offices let out, the
crowd swelled to 3,000. The
adults seemed bored. They
stood at the rear, chatting in
small groups and watching the
youngsters at the front shout
and shake their fists for Soviet
and Western cameramen. By 3
p.m., the adults started drifting
away, leaving only the youths.
The demonstrators carried
well-prepared signs saying
••Shame on Kennedy.” "Hands
Off Cuba”, and "Cuba Da,
Yankee Nyet”—the Russian
version of the Cuban battle cry.
"Cuba Si, Yankee No.”
The police let groups through
their barricades from time to ,
time to place signs on the em
bassy’s locked gate and iron t
fence. At the end the fence
bristled with 200 signs con- .
demning the United States
blockade of offensive arms to
Cuba.
After the crowd had dimin- :
Ished, the soldiers left their <
trucks and appeared on the
scene to help police. There were i
no disorders and the use of the i
soldiers baffled observers. 1
Obey Order to Go Home )
Finally, at 3:30 P.M. a police i
car drove up and officers in- |
side told the demonstrators
through a loud speaker system I
to go home. They did—and in '
10 minutes the area in front of I
the Embassy was clear.
The demonstration ended be-
Polish Official Delays
Visit to Yugoslavia
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, Oct.
27 (AP).—The government an
nounced today that Foreign
Minister Adam Rapacki of
Poland would visit Yugoslavia
from October 30 to November
5. But later the official news
agency Tan jug withdrew the
announcement.
It was believed that a change
In dates for the visit was under
consideration because of inter
national tension over the Cu
ban crisis.
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fore Premier Khrushchev an- 1
nounced his offer to settle the •’
Cuban crisis by pulling what <
the United States considers,:
offensive weapons out of Cuba <
if the United States would re
move rockets from Turkey. t
The Tass News Agency re- (
ported the demonstration this
way:
"It was a peaceful demonstra- c
tion of people sure of their a
strength and right, convinced
of the justice of the position e
taken by the Soviet govern
ment.” 1 8
The Soviet news agency also r
reported that “thousands of s
Muscovites demonstrated aoli-l
darity with revolutionary Cuba” s
in a gathering outside the Cuban s
Embassy here. ir
“The solidarity meeting,” C
Tass said, “showed again that
all Soviet people sternly de- o
nounce the provocative actions h
of the imperialists.” in
Anti-U. S. Sentiment
1
Erupts Among British
LONDON, Oct. 7 (AP).—
British constables waded into
a crowd of hand-off-Cuba de
monstrators In downtown Lon
-1 don today and arrested 147 of
them. Forty others were ar
rested in Manchester.
Scuffles started when mem
bers of Lord Bertrand Russell's
Committee of 100—an organ
ization demanding a ban on
nuclear weapons—tried to force;
their way into Trafalgar j
Square. The excitement at
tracted a number of curious j
tourists and sightseers.
Earlier, the Ministry of
Works turned down a request
from the committee to hold a
demonstration in the square,
situated in the heart of Lon-!
don.
In mid-afternoon, police)
poured into the square from all
sides—and took up positions
behind steel barriers around
the foot of Lord Nelson’s
statue. Twenty minutes later
the demonstrators tried to
break into the enclosure.
Four who tried to make
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Leader of Exiles
Urges Harmony
MIAMI, Fla., Oct. 27 (AP).—
Cuban Revolutionary Council
President Jose Miro Cardona
said today that "we are on the
threshold of great events,” and
urged harmony in the politi
cally divided exile colony.
Citing the United States
blockade of Cuba, Mr. Miro
Cardona said: “The Cuban
exiles cannot but set aside am
bitions and overcome discrep
ancies In such grave moments.”
He added in a message to
exiles: "Cuba is the center of
a world crisis, and her sons
must show the solidarity neces
sary to wage war.
“The hour is not one of re
sentment but of greatness. If
sectarian passions have sepa
rated the exiles, today love for
Cuba must unite them.”
The council, largest alliance ]
of anti-Castro groups in exile, ,
has been politically opposed by i
many other organizations.
--speeches were removed by the
> constables.
| Unable to break the police
j lines, the crowd milled into
’ Whitehall the thoroughfare
i leading from Trafalgar Square
, to Parliament.
I TTiere were chants of: “Hands
off Cuba,” and "We want Fi
del.”
And there were counter
'chants of: “We want Kennedy”
!and “You can have Fidel.”
When the demonstrators
tried to march down Whitehall,
apparently to reach,the Ad
miralty House office of Prime
Minister Macmillan, the police
'shut off all traffic.
Fighting broke out bpt it
didn’t last long.
Nearby, another crowd of
about 500 marched from Soho
i Square to the United States
Embassy. The police allowed
- representatives from the so
' called British Peace Commit
tee. and the Youth Peace Cam
paign, to hand in written pro-
- tests at the embassy.
Meanwhile, 90-year-old Lord
Russell, in a message to his
committee, once more criti
| cized the American arms block
ade of Cuba and praised So
viet Premier Khrushchev.
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White House Pickets
Plug Wide Opinions
By DAVID BRAATEN
Star Staff Writer
Left and Right marched together in front of the White
House yesterday—as always, determinedly out of step.
Twelve-hundred pickets paraded in front of the White
House all day long offering President Kennedy their advice
on the best way to handle the Cuban crisis.
There were about 800 from various peace groups, strongly
opposed to the administration’s
stand against Russian influ
ence in Cuba. The rest were
anti-Castro Cubans and con
servative-minded students, just
as strongly supporting the ad
ministration, plus a handful of
American Nazis, some inde
pendent thinkers and even
some anti-picket pickets.
They all marched back and
forth in their own separate
ellipses on the Pennsylvania
avenue sidewalks in front of
the White House.
If the President so desired, I
he could have gotten opinions
of every conceivable political
stripe.
“Talk, don’t fight,” admon
ished a peace marcher.
"Damn! !, the missiles, full
speed ahead,” urged a Young
American for Freedom across
the avenue.
Advice, Vituperation
“Invade Cuba, attack the
Reds” exhorted a Cuban refu
gee just up the street from the
peace group. "Don’t chicken
out this time, Jack!,” said a
Nazi storm trooper’s sign.
Along with the no-doubt well
meant advice, the President
was offered his choice of more
or less balanced vituperation.
“Khrush you are a rat,” said
, a Cuban sign.
“Those who want peace,
shouldn’t wear pants,” said a
Young American sign.
"Peace creeps are either red
or yellow!” sneered a Nazi pla
card.
“Liquidation is not libera
tion,” said a peace marcher’s
sign.
“Yea, Jack!” said a student’s
sign.
The long day of picketing
was marked by only two out
bursts of bad temper and physi
cal violence. Three people were
arrested after eggs were thrown
at the peace marchers, and a
group of Cubans broke ranks
to trample a sign of a freelance
crusader, Sidney Lansing, of,
Franklin, N. J.
Efrain Diaz, 34, and his wife, I
Yleaydee, about 34. and Jose
A. Fernandez, 26, all of the 1300
block of Park road N.W., were
charged with disorderly con
duct. They forfeited $lO col-,
lateral and were released.
But for the most part, the
pickets were remarkably tol-1
erant of their neighbors’ opin
ions. As the lines passed close
to each other at the end of
their assigned territory, many
would turn their placards so :
that the opposition would get!
a full exposure.
The battle of the placards
was kept up to date with)
events inside the White House
throughout the day. Thus, one
side produced in mid-afternoon
a sign saying, “We won’t give
up Turkey-Russians get out i
of Cuba.” and the other side .'
retaliated with a sign reading: |
“No missile bases in Cuba or
Turkey.”
Police Impartial
The District Police kept a
firm but benevolent eye on the
whole proceedings, allotting
sidewalk space and keeping the
pickets moving, all in a pains
takingly impartial manner.
Marching sectors were as
signed on a first-come-first- ;
served basis. First on the scene ;
were members of the Student
Peace Union. They showed up
at 7:45 a.m. and got the choice
spot directly In front of the ,
White House lawn on the south
side of Pennsylvania avenue.
The 15 pickets who came first
were enough to hold the loca
tion for the eventual 500 who
joined during the day. In the
afternoon, when some pickets
from Women’s Strike for Peace
and other groups arrived, about
300 strong, they were assigned
half of the sidewalk across the
street bordering Lafayette
square.
Number two position, just to
the west of the original student
group, went to some 50 anti-
Castro Cubans, who made up
in enthusiasm what they lacked
in numbers. They carried a
huge American flag and a
smaller Cuban one and were
easily the bitterest signs of any
! group.
Prophet Ejected
Mr. Lansing, a veteran of
four year’s week end picketing
at the White House, was next
on the scene. He was given two
squares of sidewalk to march
with his huge sign that pro
claimed in red letters, “Pres.
Kennedy is a traitor!”, and
continued, “Khrushchev, the
world’s greatest protector of the
poor and downtrodden.”
Mr. Lansing, a self-styled
"preacher and prophet,” shuf
fled back and forth about two
feet at a time, refusing to march
in the prescribed ellipse. He
was stationed between the peace
students and the Cubans, and
when the Cubans decided they
wanted to adopt his fairly sta
tionary marching technique,
Mr. Lansing was removed from
his picket line by Detective
John L. Sullivan.
j On the way past the Cuban
j contingent, the preacher’s sign
! somehow fell to the ground.
I Some Cubans immediately broke
I ranks and splintered it. Nothing
daunted, Mr. Lansing returned
half-an-hour later wearing full
ceremonial costume: Scarlet
robe, gold cloak and a silver
beanie topped with an eight
pointed pinwheel. This time he
was placed about 50 feet west
of the Cubans, right next to a
small contingent of Nazis that
had arrived during his ab
sence.
350 Students in Line
The Nazis ignored Mr. Lans
jing. The preacher ignored the
Nazis.
The young Americans for
Freedom, mostly from George
town University, arrived about
10 o’clock, but graciously ceded
their picketing territory to the
Nazis and took up their station
on the sidewalk across Pennsyl
vania avenue. Their numbers i
eventually grew to about 350. I
The Young Americans were
conspicuously better dressed
than the other students, favor
ing gray flannel suits and bulky
knit sweaters. There was even
a woman in a mink stole.
The peace marchers got a
sartorial shot In the arm shortly
after noon with the arrival of
the Women Strike for Peace
marchers, middle-class house
wives from as far away as New
York. New Jersey and even
Vermont.
It was a beautiful day for
football and picketing. The air
was crisp and the sun was
warm. By 5 p.m. the pickets
had left. On the benches in
Lafayette square, tourists sat
resting their feet and feeding
the pigeons.
About 500 of the peace
marchers later filed into the
First Congregational Church at
Ninth and G streets N.W., for
a rally. In the hour-long cere
mony, Mrs. Linus Pauling and
I. F. Stone spoke against bomb
ing or invasion of Cuba.
After the rally, several hun
dred students debated on the
steps of the church whether
they should hold a sit-in dem
onstration at the White House.
They decided that they were
not well-enough organized.
The groups represented at
the rally were the Student
Peace Union, Women’s Strike
For Peace, and the National
Committee for Sane Nuclear
Police.
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