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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 28, 1962, Image 8

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THE SUNDAY STAR
Washington, D. C., October 28, 1962
CUBA
Officials See Some Hope of Solution
In Khrushchev Note's Conciliatory Tone
Continued From Pare A-l
ments—(a) to remove prompt
ly the quarantine measures
now in effect and <b> to give
assurances against an invasion
of Cuba.” *
Warns of Prolonged Talk
The President re-emphasizcd,
however, that ‘‘the first ingre
dient” is "the cessation of work
on missile sites in Cuba and
measures to render such wea
pons inoperable, under effec
tive international guarantees.”
He warned that any effort to
prolong negotiations over Cuba
by bringing in broader ques
tions of European and world
security—obviously referring to
the Cuba-Turkey deal proposal
—would intensify the Cuban
crisis and risk of war.
Assuming his conditions for
reversing the Soviet military
build-up in Cuba are met. the
President told Mr. Khrushchev
he had given American repre
sentatives at the U. N. instruc
tions that could lead to perma
nent solution to the Cuban
problem this week end “if you
will give your representatives
similar instructions.”
In his formal reply to Mr.
Khrushchev, the President
avoided any specific mention
of the Soviet Premier’s pro
posal for a deal involving
American bases in Turkey,
Would Ease Tensions
He answered Mr. Khrushchev
indirectly, however, by saying the
effect of a Cuban crisis settlement
on easing world tensions “would
enable us to work toward a more
general arrangement regarding
‘other armaments,’ as proposed
in your second letter which you
made public."
In words much more signifi
cant than might appear on their
face, he added: “I would like to
say again that the United States
is very much interested in re
ducing tensions and halting the
arms race; and if your letter
signifies that you are prepared
to discuss a detente affecting
NATO and the Warsaw Pact, we
are quite prepared to consider
with our allies any useful pro
posals.”
The significance lay in the
coupling of the dismantling of
any NATO bases such as that in ,
Turkey with similar action on,
Soviet bases in Eastern European (
Communist countries tied to I,
Moscow by the Warsaw Pact. .
The White House declined to ,
make public the text of the ,
Friday night letter from Pre
mier Khrushchev which still:
had not been broadcast by Mos
cow when the President’s reply
was handed to reporters by
White House Press Secretary
Pierre Salinger a few minutes
before 8 o’clock last night.
Mr. Salinger said the Presi-;
dent’s message was handed to
an official of the Soviet Em
bassy in Washington for de
livery to Mr. Khrushchev short
ly before its public release here.
The exchange giving rise to
new hope for peaceful settle
ment of the Cuban crisis came
soon after agreement by Pre- j
mier Khrushchev to keep Soviet ,
ships out of the Cuban blockade (
area temporarily had brought .
some respite from the risk of
war involved in American Navy I
vessels stopping and searching
a Ruslan vessel.
But, not taking the Soviet;!
word for anything, American I
warships kept up their "quar- t
antine” patrol to make sure no 1
vessel carrying offensive arms
gets through to Cuba. c
United States reconnaissance £
planes also kept a close watch i
on progress of work on several r
Cuban sites for Soviet iterme- r
diate-range ballistic missives, t
ready to sound an emergency s
warning if the bases appeared
to be reaching the operational 1
stage. I
Assistant Defense Secretary i
Arthur Sylvester said there was s
no indication the work was not i
still going on yesterday. <
The President met twice dur-;
Ing the day with his key mili- 1
tary and diplomatic advisors ,
making up the 12-man execu
tive committee of the National
Security Council. • I]
The last session started at 4
p.m. and did not break up un- ,
til nearly 6:30 p.m. There was j
no announcement of any new
decisions made at the meeting j
which presumably reviewed the
latest evidence of the continu
ed work on the Soviet bases’,
in Cuba.
Gen. Lyman L. Lemnitzer, !.
new Supreme commander of
NATO forces in Europe, attend- .
ed the late afternoon session at .
the White House, indicating at- !
tention also was being given to !
possible Soviet retalitory moves j
against West Berlin.
A warning to Cuba and ,
the Soviet “technicians” in '
charge of the bases that any in- (
terference with American sur- (
veillance planes would be met j
with counter action came from
the Pentagon late yesterday.
It was an indication of the
urgency of the crisis that the ’
President and Soviet Premier '
were communicating through ’
press and radio statements that ‘
conveyed their ideas to each ’
other faster than official chan- ’
nels could do.
In his latest message, as ’
broadcast by Moscow radio, the 1
Soviet Premier said he would
withdraw from Cuba “those 1
weapons which th? United i
States President con iders to b° t
offensive ones” if th? United
States would withe r-w its simi- '
lar weapons from Turkey. 1
.- . 1
Sugre-'s I * .* "j!
Mr. Khrushchev suggested
that negotiations be carried on
Liroui-. > .......
taty General Than 11? sa u
it should take no longer than
a W’nth to r 'Mate th" r’ -1.
When Press Secretary Sal
inger met with newsmen short- i
ly aiver no.a, u. l—iuj j
J LENINGRAD
• MOSCOW
RUSSIA
POLANOB Vl
1 • Kiw V.
\RUMA Nl U f %
r Cl
The area of Russia covered by NATO Jupiter
missiles based in Turkey is indicated on the
above map.
broadcast Khrushchev message
still had not been received at
the White House except
through press dispatches. But
he read the White House state
ment that amounted to a reply.
1 It said:
“The proposal broadcast this
morning involves the security
! of nations outside the Western
Hemisphere. But it is the West
ern Hemisphere countries, and
they alone, that are subject to
the threat that has produced
the current crisis—the action
of the Soviet Government in
secretly introducing offensive
weapons into Cuba.
“Work on these offensive
weapons is still proceeding at a
rapid pace.
“The first imperative must
be to deal with this immediate
threat, under which no sensible
negotiation can proceed.
“It is therefore the position
of the United States that as an
urgent preliminary to consid
eration of any proposals work
on the Cuban bases must stop;
offensive weapons must be ren
dered inoperable; and further
shipment of offensive weapons
to Cuba must cease—all under
effective international veri- '
Ification.”
Some diplomats thought it
noteworthy that Mr. Kennedy
did not slam the door on the
proposal to trade elimination
of missile bases in Turkey for
Cuba.
United States officials have
[insisted that there is no com
parison between bases set up
secretly in Cuba and those
installed in Turkey under a
public decision of the NATO
(Council in 1957.
Nevertheless, there has been
talk in official quarters here
that the Turkish bases were
becoming obsolescent though
they might represent a symbol
of power and protection in
Turkey itself.
1,600-Mile Range
■ The American missiles based
in Turkey are Jupiters, which
have a range fit 1,600 miles.
Like other IRBM weapons,
they can carry nuclear war
heads.
The Soviet Premier went out
of his way to say that all the.
Soviet weapons in Cuba are
under direct control of Soviet
military personnel. He said this
meant there was no danger of
those weapons being used
against the United States.
Mr. Kennedy had warned in
his radio-television speech last
Monday night announcing the;
blockade against offensive arms
shipments to Cuba that any;
nuclear missile launched from
Cuba against any nation in the
Western Hemisphere would
bring a full retaliatory response
upon the Soviet Union from the
United States.
In his message yesterday, Mr.
Khrushchev said the Soviet
weapons in Cuba had been;
placed there "at the request of
the Cuban government only
with the aim of defense.”
I He said he was glad that'
'the President had agreed to I
normalize the situation through!
talks and avoid a confronta-,
tion of Soviet and American
ships in the blockade area.
This reference to the blockade'
area apparently .was part of
a face-saving operation by the
Soviet Premier. The key part
of the agreement worked out
by Secretary General Thant in
an exchange of messages with
Mr. Khrushchev and Mr. Ken
nedy is the Soviet Premier s
orders to Soviet vessels to stay
out of the interception area!
for a purely temporary period. :
Mr. Kennedy told the Secre-:
tary General in messages made
public Friday night that if
Soviet ships stay away from the
interception area the Unitedj
States will do everything pos
sible to “avid direct confronta
tion with Soviet ships in the
next few days in order to mini
mize the risk of any untoward
incident.”
In other words, the implica
tion was clear that if Soviet
ships try to run the blockade
they will be intercepted.
In connection with his Cuba-
Turkey bases deal proposal. Mr.
Khrushchev said the Soviet
would pledge in the United Na
icns non-interference in the
internal affairs of Turkey if
.he United States would make
a similar commitment against
an invasion of Cuba.
Summit Unmentioned
The Soviet premier signifi-;
cantiy accepted the idea of U.|
N. inspection, which he has re-
b jected on Soviet territory to
t safeguard proposed arms limi
t tation or nuclear test ban agree
t ments, so far as Cuba is con-
- cerned. He said he did not be
’. lieve it would be difficult to
get Cuba and Turkey to agree
s'to let U. N. inspection teams
come in to police the dismant
i ling of missile bases.
The Khrushchev message
1 proposed only negotiations be
j tween Soviet and American
1 representatives at the U. N.,
i saying nothing about a possible
1 summit meeting between him
» self and Mr. Kennedy.
The Russian leader has put
> out several feelers for a sum
' mit meeting recently but Amer
ican officials have indicated
that they consider the possi-
' bility of such a meeting as so!
• remote as not to be worth I
I thinking about at the moment.
: I
BASES
Continued From Page A-l
i spection. Then all kinds of!
’ i talks are possible.
II The new presidential pro-!
posal contains all the elements
;the United States could afford
to provide for a graceful back-
•! down by the Soviet Union. The
‘ | mention of a dentente was ex
: pected to be regarded by many
1 Soviet policymakers as pie In
r the sky.
; Talked for Years
Soviet and American negotia-
> tors have talked general dis
s armament, including withdraw-
i al from foreign bases, for many ’
• years without coming close to
I agreement.
The old stumbling block, ade-'
quate inspection, is not likely
to disappear after the Cuban
problem is settled. On the con- j
trary, distrust is likely to be
greater.
American officials noted with
i satisfaction that the Soviet
Union made no effort to link
the Cuban crisis to a Berlin
settlement. This is taken as an
indication Moscow also regards
that issue as too hot to become I
involved with the Caribbean
problem.
Berlin Still Problem
But official Wahington is j
certain it has not heard the!
last of Premier Khrushchev’s
four-year-old campaign to push
the West out of West Berlin.
That, however, looked at the
end of this strenuous week'
! like the next crisis, at least un- I
til Soviet rocket bases in Cuba!
are closed down.
President Kennedy’s rejection'
!of the Soviet offer to with-I
draw’ from Cuba in return for]
the United States’ pulling out (
of the naval base in Turkey
stems from an entirely different
; concept of the world power
balance from the one on which
Premier Khrushchev professes
: to operate.
1 NATO decided to station
medium-range missiles and nu
clear warheads in the United
Kingdom. Italy and Turkey in
11957, to answer open threats by |
the Soviet Union to establish!
its own rocket complex aimed
at Western Europe.
American strategists say the
- Soviet rocket base in Cuba does'
not fit into the NATO context '
at all. 1
If the Soviet Union is inter
ested in the removal of defense
bases in Turkey, the adminis
tration reasons, this should be
done as a part of a general dis
armament program, where mil
i itary power of the two sides is
j gradually reduced in a bal
anced way.
The United States, for in
stance, has proposed a first
stage 30 per cent reductioni
of missiles, combat aircraft
and other armaments by the'
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Circles on the map indicate the range of the
two types of Soviet missiles in Cuba. The
shaded area shows the area of the United
States blockade. —Star Staff Maps.
U. S. Defines Red Ship
'lnterception' Area
By the Associated Press
The United States yesterday
defined the “interception area”
for the Cuban blockade as cov
ering waters from Northern
Florida to the northern tip of
South America and from the
center of the Gulf of Mexico
to the eastern tip of Puerto
Rico.
The information was given
to Acting United Nations Sec
retary-General U Thant by
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson
for possible relay ot Soviet Pre
mler Khrushchev.
Mr. Khrushchev, responing
to an appeal from Mr. U Thant,
has stated that for a temporary
i period Soviet vessels will stay |
iout of the blockade area in
order to avoid any clash with
United States warships.
President Kennedy has also
| told Mr. Thant the United
i States would not seek any con
frontation if Soviet ships
stayed cleai - of the blockade.
The note which Mr. Steven
leading world powers over a
three-year period. The proposal
was advanced before the 17-
nation committee on disarma
ment at Geneva last April 18.
Turkey is one of 16 nations
in which major United States
military power is stationed.
[Eight of the host countries are
lin Europe: Germany, Italy,
'Turkey, United Kingdom, the
Azores (Portugal), Spain, Ice
land. and Greenland (Den-'
mark).
i Four countries in the Far!
East have American military!
forces stationed on their soil:!
Korea. Japan, the Philippines,!
and Nationalist China. Other!
American military forces are ’
stationed on Okinawa, which is!
under United States control.
Three Western Hemisphere |
nations have major American 1
military installations; Panama,!
[Canada and Cuba (Guan-!
tanamo Bay).
Morocco is the other nation!
where United States military
! forces are stationed. According
Ito an agreement negotiated in
1959, the United States will!
evacuate air bases in Morocco I
by 1963.
Strongest in Germany
Major United States power is '
concentrated in West Ger
! many, where there are both
| air and Army units of sub
stantial size. Canada, France,
Belgium and Germany also
contribute ground forces to the
NATO contingents in Germany.
Most of the American forces’
in Europe have the major mis-!
sion of defending Western Eu
rope against the Soviet ground
and nuclear-missile threat. .
In the Azores, < however, the:
United States bases tanker |
planes for refueling long-range'
I military flights. The island air 1
facilities are also away sta
tion between the United States
and Europe.
In Iceland. Greenland and
Canada, the United States has
erected important early-warn
ing systems to detect possible
plane or missile attacks over
the Arctic.
Canal Guarded
In Panama, Army and anti
aircraft units guard this vital
transportation link for the
Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Naval and Marine units at
Guantanamo Naval Base also j
have a major mission in the !
defense of the Panama Canal, i
The five major installations,
son gave to Mr. Thant, accord
ing to the State Department,
said:
“My Government has in
structed me to inform you
that ‘interception area’ re
ferred to in your letter of Oc
tober 25 to the President of
the United States and in his
reply of October 26 comprises
(A) the area included within
a circle with its center at Ha
vanna and a radius of 500
nautical miles and (B) the area
included within a circle with
its center at Cape Mays! (Mai
si), located at the Eastern tip
of the island of Cuba, and a
radius of 500 nautical miles.
“You may wish to pass the
above information to Chair
man Khrushchev so that he
can proceed in accordance with
his October 26 letter to you, in
which he stated that he had
ordered the masters of Soviet
vessels bound for Cuba but not
yet within the interception
area to stay out of the area.”
in the Far East are intended
I to contain the Sino-Soviet mil
itary threat in the Far East.
United States ground and
. air units are located in Korea
; and Japan; the Philippines has
i a strong air arm at Clark Field,
and Formosa plays host to ro
tational units of the Uhited •
States Air Force.
As the United States devel
ops Its submarine missile force
and hardened intercontinental
! rocket sites in the United
States, *he value of some air
facilities overseas will be re
duced, American cfficials ac
! knowledge. But there has been j
!no official move to dismantle,
'any of the base structures, ex
! cept in Morocco, where the
! Government decided in 1959 to
[pursue a non-aligned foreign
policy.
In addition, the United States
!has training facilities, com
munication centers, missile and
satellite monitors and other re-;
search institutions manned by |
military men in some 19 other
countries.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Min
; ister Zorin lumped these 19
! countries with the other 16
! and charged before the United j
j Nations Security Council that
! the United States has 35 "mili
tary bases” overseas.
Sentenced to Home
NAIROBI, Kenya, Oct. 27
| (AP). Short-term prisoners
here soon will be serving their
sentences at home—on govem
i ment subsistence allowances.
I It’S too expensive to keep them
|in jail, explained Prisons Com-
Imissioner John Allan. Most
non-habitual convicts are tax
defaulters.
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Episcopal Bishop
Sees Soviet Plea
As 'Reasonable'
COLUMBIA, 8. C„ Oct. 27
(AP).—The presiding bishop of
the Protestant Episcopal
Church today described as rea
sonable Premier Khrushchev’s
offer to withdraw offensive
weapons from Cuba if the Uni
ted States will take its rockets
from Turkey.
Asked at a news conference
if he considered the Soviet Pre
mier’s proposal reasonable, the
Rt. Rev. Arthur Lichtenberger
replied, “I do.”
However, after President Ken
nedy’s reply to the Soviet Pre
mier had been read to Bishop
Lichtenberger following the
news conference, he added this
statement:
“The reply as now explained
by the President certainly seems
to be a reasonable one. The
President’s decision must be
based on activities, but we still
hope and pray that this matter
may be settled by negotiation.”
The reply from the White
House said that, before it can
consider any proposals, the So
viets must stop work on the
Cuban missile sites, destroy of
fensive weapons in Cuba and
stop supplying arms to Castro.
The bishop is here for the
1962 meeting of the House of
Bishops of the Episcopal
Church.
Six Firemen Die
As Wall Topples
In Queens Blaze
NEW YORK, Oct. 27 (AP).-
Six dead firemen, including a
captain, were pulled early today
from the debris of a collapsed
wall at a burning soap factory
in Queens.
More than 20 firemen were
trapped last night when the
side wall and part of the sec
ond floor gave way during the
fire. Five were hospitalized.
The whereabouts of the
building's watchman and his
assistant were not known, but
firemen said they were not be
lieved to be in the building.
The fire department identi
fied the six dead as Capt. Wil
liam Russell, Firemen Richard
Giffard, George Zahn, James
Marino, Francis Egan and
Richard Andrews.
The fire broke out from un
known causes at about 9 p.m
in the two-story brick, 75-by
50-foot building housing the
Sefu Fat and Soap Co.
The four-alarm fire was
brought under control at 10:50
p.m., and shortly thereafter the
wall fell. A fifth alarm was
sounded to bring emergency
equipment to the scene.
British Company
Withdraws Pill
Seen Harmful
LONDON, Oct. 27 (AP).—A
British herbal drug firm has
withdrawn a slimming tablet
which, like thalidomide, may be
harmful to unborn babies.
Dr. John Moss, medical offi
cer for Leicester, analyzed the
tablets and then wrote to the
manufacturers. They at once
withdrew the tablets from the
market. The tablets contain
podophyllum.
Dr. Moss carried out tests
after a doctor, writing in the
medical magazine Lancet, re
ported a young mother who
took tablets containing podo
phyllum gave birth to a child
with deformed hands and ears.
A spokesman for the drug
firm said last night:
“We have no evidence that
these tablets have harmed any
one. Podophyllum is an old
fashioned vegetable laxative
which millions of people have
taken over the past 50 years. ,
“But, to be on the safe side,
we have withdrawn the tablets
from the market and we are
altering the formula, substi
tuting another ingredient in
stead of podophyllum.”
Flu in Uganda Area
KAMPALA, Uganda, Oct. 27
(AP).—The Health Ministry
reports a virulent Spanish in
fluenza epidemic is sweeping
the northern region. The chief
medical officer found the worst
affected county had 13 flu
deaths and 150 new hospital
cases a day.
BLOCKADE
Castro Vows Attack
On Air Intruders
Continued From Page A-l
cause an unarmed American
i reconnaissance aircraft, con
ducting a surveillance of the
build-up of Soviet missile bases
in Cuba, had been fired upon.
It was not immediately made
clear whether the firing inci
dent was connected with the
earlier disclosure that a photo
reconnaissance plane was miss
ing and presumed lots.
The announcement came sev
eral hours after Havana radio
reported its anti-aircraft had
forced an unidentified plane
away from Cuba and Fidel Cas
tro said intruding planes would
be fired on.
Reporting the loss of the
plane, Mr. Sylvester said:
“The Derense Department
stated tonight a military recon
naissance aircraft conducting
surveillance over Cuba is miss
ing and presumed lost.
“Such missions will be con
tinued and appropriate means
will be taken to ensure such
missions are effective and pro
tected.”
Early Statement
Earlier, Mr. Sylvester said,
“Any interference with such
surveillance will meet counter
action and surveillance will be
enforced.” He would not ex
plain what form this “counter
action” would take.
Called to active duty with the
24 troop carrier squadrons, Mr.
Sylvester said, were six aerial
port squadrons. These are.
ground units which operate!
with the flying units.
It was not immediately dis
closed if the call to active duty
was effective at once, but Mr.
Sylvester said the Secretary of
Defense had instructed Air
! Force Secretary Eugene Zuckert
to issue the orders last night.
The identity of the squadrons
was not disclosed, but Mr.
Sylvester said they are manned
by reservists from Massachu
setts, Utah, Ohio, Alabama,
Georgia, Tennessee, Pennsylva
nia, New York; California,
Oregon, Michigan. Oklahoma,
Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, the
' state of- Washington, New
Jersey, South Carolina, North
Carolina and Texas.
Berlin Reserves Exempt
Reservists who were called to
active duty in the Berlin crisis
in 1961, many of whom were
not released until this month,!
are specifically exempt from
being recalled under the stand-:
by authority given President
Kennedy by Congress to call
reservists in the Cuban crisis.
The Pentagon made no men
tion of calling reservists of the
Army, Navy, or Marine Corps
at this time and Secretary Mc-
Namara said last week such a
mobilization was not forseen at
that time. No Air National.
Guard units are involved.
The Defense Department al
ready has extended for up to
one year the appointments and
enlistments of officers and men
of the Marine Corps and Navy.
Here is the text of the state
ment by Secretary McNamara:
“Today United States un
armed reconnaissance aircraft,
conducting surveillance of the
buildup of the offensive weap
ons secretly introduced into
Cuba by the Soviet Union, were
fired upon.
“Such surveillance operations
were in accordance with the
resolution adopted on October
23, 1962, by the organ of con
sultation of the inter-American
system under the provisions of
the Rio Treaty of 1947. To
insure that the nations of the
Western Hemisphere continue
to be informed of the status
of the threat to their security,!
it is essential that such recon
naissance flights continue.
“The possibility of further;
attack on our aircraft and the
continued buildup of the often- (
sive weapons systems in Cuba
require that we be prepared i
for any eventuality.
“Therefore, tonight, acting i
under the authority granted :
me by Executive Order 11058, :
October 23, 1962, I have in- ;
structed the Secretary of the
Air Force to order to active '
duty 24 troop carrier squad
rons of the Air Force reserve
with their associated support
units.”
Recall Instructions
Mr. Sylvester, after reading
the statement of Mr. McNa
mara, said:
"In accordance with Execu
tive Order 11058, the Secretary
of Defense today issued in
structions for the recall to ac
tive duty of 14,215 Air Force
reservists.
“The units to be recalled in-
clude six aerial port squadrons.
These are ground operations
squadrons.”
The United States has made
no secret of the constant vigi
lance being maintained over the
Communist island to keep track
of from eight to 10 Soviet mis
sile bases.
Mr. Sylvester’s first warning
of counter-action came when
he was asked about a Havana
Radio broadcast that anti-air
craft batteries “forced” un
identified planes from over the
western part of the island.
A little later, Havana radio
broadcast a statement by
f Prime Minister Castro that war
planes could violate Cuba's air
space only “at the risk of meet
ing our defensive fire.” the As
sociated Press reported from
Key West, Fla.
The Castro regime has been
complaining of alleged air
space violations by United
States planes since early July
but never has hinted that
treaspassers might be attacked.
The text of the Cuban com
muniqfie about having turned
back planes:
“At 10:17 hours, Cuban anti
aircraft batteries forced the
flight of unidentified war
planes which were amply
violating the air space and
penetrated deep in national
territory in the west of the
republic.
“The Cuban forces are in a
state of maximum alert and
I maximum combat ’disposition,
disposed to defend the sacred
rights of the fatherland.”
Mr. Castro’s own statement,
as monitored in Key West,
said:
“By declarations formulated
today, the Government of the
United States tried to claim
officially the prerogative of in
ivading our air space.
“Cuba will not accept the
vandalistic and piratical privi
lege of any war plane to violate
its air space because this essen
tially affects its security and
facilitates the conditions for a
surprise attack on our territory.
“Such a legitimate defense
right cannot be renounced,
therefore:
“All combat planes which in
vade Cuban air space will be
able to do so only at the risk
of confronting our defensive
!fire.
“Fatherland or death. We
[will conquer.
"Signed: Fidel Castro Ruz,
! commander in chief of the
armed forces.”
The Defense Department has
not identified the type of planes
it has ordered to carry out sur
veillance missions, nor the bases
from which they fly. However,
aerial photos of missile bases
in Cuba have been released
, that appear to have been taken
I from both high and low alti
tudes.
Mr. Sylvester was asked if
the counter-action to interfer
ence with the continuous sur
veillance of Cuba means the
United States will drop bombs,
or strafe, if Mr. Castro’s forces
fire on approaching planes.
He said he was not prepared
to go beyond the statement.
The American naval block
ade off Cuba continued amid
official silence as to whether
any further surface vessels
have been intercepted en route
to Cuba.
Mr. Sylvester said that to the
best of his knowledge, there
had been no Soviet or Russian
chartered vessels intercepted at
sea since Task Force 136 re
ported encountering the Rus
sian tanker Bucharest Thurs
day and the Lebanese freighter
j Marucla Friday.
Peers Visit Kennedy
Sir David Ormsby Gore, Brit
ish Ambassador to Washington,
called on President Kennedy at
the White House yesterday ac
companied by the Duke and
Duchess of Devonshire. Sir.
David said he was making a
private visit.
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