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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 24, 1962, Image 1

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Weather borecast
District and vicinity—Clear and colder
tonight, low 34 in city and in upper 20s
in suburbs. Some cloudiness and cooler
tomorrow. High, 53, at noon today; low,
39, at 6:30 a.m. today.
Fail Report on Poge A-2
110th Year. No. 328.
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Investigators search this morning through the
tangled and charred wreckage of the United
Air Lines Viscount plane which crashed in the
Probers Try to Solve Mystery Kennedy Tests
After Airliner Crash Kills 17 NewTaxPlan
Investigators renewed their
efforts today to discover why
a United Air Lines Viscount
plane suddenly plunged 10,000
feet out of sunny Maryland
skies yesterday and crashed
near Ellicott City, killing all
17 persons aboard.
The four-engine plane, bound
from Newark. N. J., to Wash
ington, dived into a wooded j
section of Howard County, Md.. i
about 10 miles southwest of'
Baltimore at so steep an angle |
that it cut a swath barely 100
yards across, reporters on the
scene said. Three Washington
area residents were among the
crash victims.
Investigators from the Civil
Aeronautics Board, the Federal'
Aviation Agency, the Airline j
Pilots Association, the Federal
Bureau of Investigation and >
United Air Lines had these |
puzzling facts before them in
the crash of ill-fated Flight
297:
1. It was bright and sunny
with no weather disturbances
when the aircraft nosed over
into its fatal dive at about
12:30 p.m.
2. The pilot. Capt. Milton J.
Balog, 39. a veteran aviator,
apparently had no hint of the
approaching tragedy and his
radio communications as he
prepared to land at National
Airport were entirely routine.
3. Eyewitnesses said the Vis
count's wings were fluttering
and the fuselage was quivering.
The motor sounded "like a
tractor engine choking" as the
olane swept low over the roll
ing farm land before suddenly
nosing over into a nearly
straight-down dive.
4. Another eyewitness said
he saw something flutter down
just before the crash, as
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For additional home list
ings, check today's Star
Classified Section.
Phone LI. 3-5000 **
though the plane had begun to
disintegrate in the air.
5. Residents of the rural area '
near Clarksville, Md., said
they heard three distinct ex
| plosions at the moment the
plane slammed into the around.
Flight Recorder Recovered
Part of the answer to the
tragedy may be found in the
| plane's flight recorder, a mech
anism encased in a shatter
proof steel ball. This device,
I which keeps track of the plane’s
altitude, speed and other data,
wa; if covered from the smojc
in. wreckage three hours after
the crash. Investigators said
it appeared to be intact.
Ten of the victims were em
ployes of United Air Lines and
{another was the wife of one
of the UAL men aboard. Only
I four of them were on duty in
■ the Viscount. The rest were
“dead-heading” on personal
trips, the airline said.
I The plane was one of 46 ac
quired from Capital Airlines in
the merger with UAL last year.
The last accident involving a
Viscount was on January 18,
1960, at Holdcroft, Va„ and of
ficials noted one similarity: In
both crashes, the wreckage was
confined to a small area in
dicating the planes went down
at extremely steep angles.
Capt. Balog apparently was
sailing along in entirely normal
fashion until just before yes
terday’s crash, the FAA re
ported. The FAA said the crew
had been in radio contact with
both the Washington Air Route
Traffic Control Center and the
Washington Approach Control
Center just before the fatAl
plunge and had given no in
dication of trouble.
Tape recordings showed that
at 12:20 p.m., as the plane pre
, pared to approach National
Airport, the plane was “handed
i
END OF ORDEAL
I Real Slayer Confesses
MOUNTAIN HOME, Idaho,
Nov. 24 (AP).—For more than
seven months Airman 1 c Ger
ald M. Anderson, 24. was in
jail awaiting trial for two mur
ders.
A blurted confession this
week by admitted sex slayer
Theodore Thomas Dickie will
open the jail doors for Airman
Anderson. Only a court order,
expected Monday, stands in Air
man Anderson’s way to free
dom.
"It’s wonderful, real nice,” he
said yesterday when he was told
authorities had accepted Dick
ie's story that Dickie killed
Mrs. Nancy Joy Johnson and
her 2 Vi-year-old son on April 9.
“I knew I didn't do it.” said
Airman Anderson. "Somebody
had to do it. I was just hop
ing he was telling the truth.”
Mrs. Johnson had been
stabbed nine times and raped
The child, found lying in her
arms, also was stabbed.
A week later. Airman Ander
son, a friend and neighbor of
the Johnson family, was
charged with the slayings.
Airman Anderson signed a
statement for Air Force Inves
tigators saying he killed Mrs.
, Johnson. He denied he killed
Bhe Biennia Btaf
y J V WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION /
woods near Clarksville, Md., yesterday, killing
all 17 aboard. The plane was en route
to Washington.—Photo by Robert Grauel.
off" from Route Control to Ap
proach Control for landing in
{struct ions.
At 12:22 p.m., Approach Con
trol directed the pilot to take a
compass heading of 200 degrees
and the order was acknowl
edged routinely.
At 12:25 p.m., Approach Con
trol ordered the compass head
t 'ing changed to 180 degree but
i Capt. Balog did not respond to
■ - this order. About the same
•I time, the FAA said, the plane
, was disappearing from the
i,radarscope monitoring its ap
, proach. Flight 297 was not
' ■ heard from again.
About 50 investigators met
l ; today in Ellicott City to plan
I their inquiry and then split
into eight groups to cover spe-
I cific areas around the crash
■ scene.
One immediate goal was to
begin the painstaking task of
' reassembling what is left of
■the wreckage.
George A. Van Epps, chief i
of safety investigation for the’
See PLANE, Page A-8
■| |
3 Swim Icy Canal
To Escape Reds
BERLIN, Nov. *24 (AP).—
Three East Germans swam icy
waters of a canal to reach safe
ty in West Berlin during the
night, police reported today.
Temperatures were slightly
below freezing and the ground
‘ was covered with 6 inches of
' snow.
Details of the escape, were
J not disclosed by police.
Informants said, however,
the three, between 18 and 32
. years of age, crossed the Tel
' tow Canal which forms the
border between East Germany
l and West Berlin in the south
1 of the >city.
fl Wk
I % ]
w® IS
1 XV i 1
wk /
i
i
i
1 :
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GERALD ANDERSON
; —AP Wirephoto ’
11
the boy, Danny. Later he re-
- pudiated the statement and said
he was told his wife would also
. be prosecuted and his children
f placed in foster homes if he
5 didn’t.
“After eight days and eight
i nights of questioning, I just
■ gave up trying to argue.” he
. told a newman later. “I was
1 so confused at the end that if
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1962—28 PAGES
Reaction Sought
To 2-Step Idea
By th* AMociated Preu
The administration is giving
’ congressional leaders a preview
showing of a double-feature tax
. proposal to test its chances in
. the next session.
t The tax package, it was
> jlearned yesterday, would be
e presented by President Ken
° nedy as a single bill to be
; enacted in 1963 but would take
. effect in two steps:
t 1. A substantial but partial
tax cut to be effective retro-
■ actively to January 1, 1963.
i 2. A second stage, to become
effective January 1, 1964, which
would include both a further
i reduction and the tax revisions
and loophole plugging wanted
i by Mr. Kennedy.
By joining the two steps in
one bill, even the initial tax
cut would not take effect until
the reforms were written into
law. Yet the economy would
have the extra fuel of a year’s
tax reduction before the re
visions came into force.
Seen as Compromise
The revisions would be de
signed to offset at least partly
revenue losses of the tax re
' ductions.
The two-step proposal is de
signed apparently as a com
promise of doubts that a com-
See TAXES, Page A-2

1| .
China Woos Brazil
RIO DE JANEIRO. Nov. .24
(AP). Communist China
, wants to buy rice from Brazil
! in exchange for coal and coke.
The proposal was made by Chi
' Chao-ting, head of a Red Chi
nese trade mission that arrived
11 this wefek to try to establish
trade relations with Brazil.
they would have told me I was
Mona Lisa I would have be
lieved themi’
Col. Charles Allard, com-i
mander of Mountain Home Air
Force Base, said earlier this
week he was sure nothing im
proper had been done in the
questoning of Airman Ander
son.
Dickie, a 22-year-old laborer,
married while he was here and
later was estranged from his
wife. A few months ago he
went to Boise to work.
Two weeks ago in Boise, 10-
year-old Carolyn Rae Oldham
Reitan was strangled and raped.
Dickie, after 10 hours of ques
tioning, said he did it, but
didn’t know why.
During that questioning he
hinted that he also knew of
other murders.
"I killed two other people,”
he told Boise Police Chid Jack
Barney. “But another guy is
going to swing for it.”
Later, Dickie told visiting
newsman Rick Raphael he
killed Mrs. Johnson and her
son.
That was Monday. Author
ities matched details of Dickie's
; story with the evidence.
They announced yesterday
• they had the wrong man.
Red China Proposes
Pact With Pakistan
Indians Seek
Clarification
From China
More Information
Asked on Offer
To Settle Dispute
NEW DELHI, Nov. 24 (AP).
—lndia has asked Red China
to clarify several points of its
offer to settle the undeclared
Himalayan border war, the
Foreign Ministry said today.
A spokesman said Foreign
Secretary M. J. Dsai sum
moned the Chinese charge
d’affaires in New Delhi yester- i
day and “put him several
points about China’s cease-fire
proposal which required clari
fication.” He said the Chinese
diplomat is “obtaining clarifi
cation from Peking.”
The Foreign Ministry spokes
man declined to say what the
points were.
Red China ordered its troops
in the disputed Himalayan bor
der areas to cease fire last
Wednesday. It promised to pull
its troops back on December 1
to a point 12% miles behind
what it described as the line of
actual control.
The Indian spokesman said
the Chinese proposals are still
under consideration, although
Prime Minister Nehru has in
dicated he would not accept
the Chinese terms. By accept
ance, the Indians would have
to give up claim to 12.00 Q
square miles of disputed terri
tory in Ladakh on India’s
northwestern border with
China.
Mr. Nehru has indicated he
believes the border fighting will
erupt again and that he wants
Chinese troops off what he con
siders Indian soil.
Indians Bolster Strength
The Indians were believed
taking advantage of the Chinese
cease-fire to bolster their mili
tary strength.
United States and British
military aid missons here con
tinued their appraisals of
India’s long-range military >
needs.
The Himalayan fronts re
mained quiet for the third day
under the cease-fire.
Mr. Nehru in a message ad
dressed to a youth rally, warned
his nation yesterday of “a long
struggle and a difficult one.
and we must not imagine that
the struggle will be over soon
because of various diplomatic
moves.”
The reference to various dip
lomatic moves presumably in-,
eluded the Peking offer, under
which both sides would pull
back.
Reds Want No Stalling
Red China indicated it wanted
no stalling. A New China News
Agency broadcast quoted Chen
Yi, Chinese Deputy Premier
and Foreign Minister, as saying
he hoped India would reply
quickly and positively.
A Peking offer to India’s*
angry neighbor Pakistan to
enter into a mutual non-aggres
sion pact was reported from
Rawalpindi where the Pakistan
Parliament has been in an
emergency session debating
about the British and American
arms being rushed to India.
The Pakistanis fear American
and British weapons sent to
India ultimately will be used
to beef up Indian forces in a
showdown with Pakistan over
Kashmir.
The Red Chinese appeared to
be engaged in an effort to pull
Pakistan out of its pro-Western
alliances.
India continued reinforcing
her positions facing the Chi-
See INDIA, Page A-3
I —’
Holiday Fatalities
Continue to Climb
CHICAGO, Nov. 24 (AP).—
Death on the Nation’s highways
continued to mount today as
the 102-hour Thanksgiving
holiday entered its third day.
Traffic accidents involving
more than one fatality in
creased the death toll. The
dead since 6 p.m. (EST)
Wednesday totaled 286 persons
from auto accidents. Another
35 were killed in fires and 73
persons died in miscellaneous
accidents.
There were no National
Safety Council predictions for
the holiday, which ends at mid
night tomorrow. A council
spokesman said traffic is not
as heavy Thanksgiving as other
holiday periods, although he
i said 480 persons would nor
mally die in traffic accidents
' during a Thursday to Sunday
span.
Harvard Dean Keppel
Given Education Post
HYANNIS PORT. Mass., Nov.
24 (AP).—Dean Francis Keppel
of the Harvard Graduate
School of Education received a
presidential appointment today
as United States Commissioner
of Education.
The position has been vacant
four months. It pays 820,000 a
year.
Dr. Sterling M. McMurrin
gave it up and went back to the
University of Utah. He was
unhappy in the job, and the
administration found it dif
ficult to find anyone else
whiling to step into it.
Dr. McMurrin had com
plained that the Office of Edu
cation, an agency of the De
partment of Health, Education
and Welfare, was afflicted with
red tape, bureaucratic problems
and skimpy support from Con
gress.
Dean Keppel, 46, has been
education dean at Harvard
University since 1948.
Choice Praised
William G. Carr, executive
Secretary of the National Edu
cation Association, issued a
statement in Washington prais
ing the appointment.
He said Mr. Keppel is “fully
committed to a sound program I
of national school legislation as
formulated by President Ken
nedy’s 1960 educational task
force, of which he is a mem
ber.”
The task force proposed ex
penditure of 32.3 billion an
nually in Federal aid to edu
cation.
The statement added:
“Dean Keppel will receive the
full support of the National
Education Association in his
■effort to secure enactment of
Kennedy Plans Visit
To Cuba Alert Forces
HYANNIS PORT. Mass.. Nov.
124 (AP).—President Kennedy is
planning a swift one-day trip
Monday to military bases in
Georgia and Florida, including
the command post for the Cuba
crisis alert.
The temporary White House
announced today that the
Commander in chief will fly to
Hunter Air Force Base outside
Savannah, Ga., visit nearby
Fort Stewart, go on to Home
stead Air Force Base south of
Miami. Fla., and then to mili
tary installations around Key
West, Fla.
At Homestead. Mr. Kennedy
will inspect the war room, an
advance headquarters for the
Cuban operation.
Home Tomorrow
Mr. Kennedy plans to end his
week end on Cape Cod and
return to Washington late
tomorrow.
Andrew T. Hatcher, assistant
White House press secretary,
said many of the units alerted
during the Cuban crisis now
will be going home, and Mi.
'Kennedy wants to pay a per
sonal call on the officers and
men before they leave.

——
B■l B B
I OBSTRUCTIONIST
Tommy Udall, 14, tries to keep his father,
Stewart Udall, 42, Secretary of Interior, from
scoring during a workout at the Interior De
partment gym here. Its development from a
storage area has bee* a pet project of the
Secretary, former all-conference guard at
the University of Arizona.—AP Photo.
Amusement/ A-10
Churches A-6-8
Classified B-7-12
Comics A-14-15
Editorial A-4
Editorial Articles A-5
Loot and Found A-3
Home Delivered:
Doily and Sunday, per month, 2.25
. 'S
' < V
..jy* J
DEAN FRANCIS KEPPEL
—AP Photo
that program of national sup
port for public education which
the President has rightly de
scribed as the most important
item of domestic legislation.
Served With NEA
“The new commissioner has
served the National Education
Association on several impor
tant national committees. His
knowledge of educational needs
and problems provides a firm
basis for a successful adminis
tration of his office.
“I urge members of the pro
fession and of the public, with
out regard to political or other
forms of partisanship, to give
our new Commissioner of Edu
cation every assistance in ad
vancing the cause of educa
tion in the United States.”
Dean Keppel. 46. is a native
See KEPPEL. Page A-3
'. The President will be accom
s panied by Gen. Maxwell D.
j Taylor, Chairman of the Joint
i Chiefs of Staff, and by chiefs
I of the Army, Navy, Air Force
i and Marines.
Cancels Trip to Game
•I President Kennedy canceled
i his trip to Boston for the Har
: vard-Yale football game be
cause of rainy weather.
However, the White House
{ said other members of the
football game party including
Attorney General Robert F.
Kennedy, Senator-elect Ed
■ ward (Ted) and their wives
and other house guests—about
10 in all—drove to Cambridge
for the game.
They had planned to travel
with the President in a heli-!
i copter.
! The President did review the
Cuban problem with top ad
ministration advisers yesterday.
And it is certain to be a key
, item of discussion in his next
I conference with Prime Minister
Macmillan of Britain. The tem
porary White House all but
confirmed yesterday that an-
I other Anglo-American summit
session is in the making.
Guide for Readers
*
Music B-*
Obttuaries A-lt
Real Estate B-M
Society A-»
Sports A-U-11
TV-Radio B-6
Weather A-2
Ali Accepts
Invitation
From Chou
RAWALPINDI, Pakistan. Nov.
24 (AP). —Communist China
has offered to sign a non-ag
gression pact with Pakistan,
informed sources said tqday.
The offer was made in a note
from Peking to President Mo
hammad Ayub Khan’s govern
ment. - -
Pakistan’s Foreign Minister
Mohammad Ali refused to com
ment on the report. But he
said he had received and ac
cepted an offer from Premier
Chou En-lai to visit China at
an early date.
Mr. Ali made the remark to
newsmen in the lobby of par
liament house. There was no
comment immediately from any
other official source.
Reliable parliamentary In
formants said, however, that
the report was correct and that
the Chinese offer was now be
ing considered by the govern
ment.
Offer of Help Included
The Karachi English - lan
guage daily Dawn carried the
report prominently. It said a
point of the proposed pact was
an offer by China to help
Pakistan “against aggression
from any quarter.”
It added that the Chinese
had raised no objection to
Pakistan remaining a member
of the pro-Western CENTO
and SEATO alliances if such
a pact were signed.
The reported offer came dur
ing an emergency session of
ine Pakistani National Assem-
I bly which has heard strong
criticism of the United States
1 and Britain. Pakistan’s allies,
for rushing arms to India.
Pakistan feels these anna
are a threat to her and some
Pakistanis, in the disillusion
ment with the Western powers,
have been talking of adopting
I neutralism as a policy.
U. S. Accused in Debate-
Red China's unilateral ceaae
' fire on the border with India
’ and the offer of a troop pull
back has bolstered the Paki
stani view that the present
Indian-China conflict is only
a temporary flareup which
merits no Western assistance to
India from Britain and the
United States.
In the debate today, the
United States was accused of
making “a local border affair”
between India and China into
an expanding ’full-pledged glo
! bal war” for its own benefit.
The accusation was made by
Sardar Bahadur Khan, brother
of President Ayub Khan and
leader of the opposition.
He said the supplying of arms
to India disregarded Pakistan’s
safety and security.
Friendship Policy Urged
Mr. Khan said the Pakistan
government should “change its
foreign policy, become neutral
and withdraw from CENTO.
SEATO and other pacts im
mediately.”
He advocated a policy of
friendship with all nations—
" Communist or capitalist.”
Mr. Khan was supported by
the government’s parliamentary
secretary. Abdul Hai Chaudhri
and by opposition right-wing
religious leader Farid Ahmed.
Mr. Farid quoted a letter
from Chinese Premier Chou
addressed to heads of Afro-
Asian governments and cir
culated by the Chinese embassy
in Pakistan last night.
The letter. Mr. Farid said,
made it clear that long before
the border clashes between In
dia and China started India
was provoking China. The letter
said China would confine her
action to the border area, Mr.
Farid claimed.
Western "Betrayal” Charged
Mr. Farid said the western
supply of arms to India was a
"gross betrayal of the friendli
est nation of Asia. Pakistan.”
He demanded concrete action
by the government against the
United States.
W. Avereil Harriman. U. S.
See PAKISTAN, Page A-3
" rr ‘
CHURCH PROJECT
GOALS UNUSUAL
THE INNER CITY PROJECT does
not wont to goin the reputation of
being o youth center or a Bible
school. Read about the goals of this
unusual organization on Page A-6.
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Daily and Sunday
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