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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 24, 1962, Image 5

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CONSTANTINE BROWN
East Germans Elated Over Cuba
But Talk of Possible U. S. Concessions
To Khrushchev Disappoints Escapees
MUNICH.—This Bavarian
capital is overcrowded with
refugees from Czechoslovakia
and East Germany, and it is
also the screening center of
West Germany; here is the
Federal counter - espionage
service.
Because of the excellent
contacts of the West German
security across the Wall, only
a relatively few •'escaped”
Communist agents succeed in
slipping through the careful
screening.
Stories told by escapees are
interesting. All are agreed
that the Ulbricht regime is
shaky and could not survive
if it were not for the massive
support it receives from the
Soviet armies and police.
What is interesting to
Americans here is the tre
mendous Impact made on the
Iron Curtain people by Ni
kita Khrushchev’s retreat in
Cuba. Despite the jamming
of radio broadcasts from the
free world, the peoples of
East Germany had their ways
and means of keeping in
formed. It was no time at all
before they learned of the
Soviet’s hasty acceptance of
America’s demands that all
aggressive weapons in Cuba
be withdrawn.
Incidentally, until October
22. Cuba was held before the
eyes of the satellite people as
an example of the decrepi
tude of the United States and
the importance of Russia's
support to “socialist” coun
tries.
But the retreat by Mr.
Khrushchev caused jubila
tion throughout East Ger
many. According to one es
capee, an official in the Ul
bricht administration and
Senate Witness in 1955
Accused Man on Trial
By the Associated Press
Testimony given secretly by a professed one-time Soviet
secret police official has been released by Senate investigators—
seven years after the witness gave it.
The testimony by Alexander Orlov at a closed session of
the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee on September 28,
1958. pointed accusingly at a Mark Zborowsky.
A subcommittee official said the reference was to Mark
Zborowski, now on trial in New
York City on perjury charges.
Zborowski is accused of having
denied falsely that he knew
Jack Soble, a confessed one
time Soviet agent.
Timing Explanation
The subcommittee released
Orlov’s testimony yesterday
without comment except for
this explanation of the timing
of the release:
"Contemporaneous publica
tion withheld because at the
time of this hearing and for
a long period thereafter, one
of the personalities involved
was under surveillance by Fed
eral intelligence agencies.”
Orlov described himself to
the subcommittee as a former
general in the Soviet NKVD
secret police who broke with;
communism and fled to the
United States in 1938.
He told a story of sinister
conspiracies and what he be
lieved to have been Soviet
planning to liquidate him dur
ing a purge by the late Russian
Premier Joseph Stalin.
Orlov swore that he had
learned in 1936 that a NKVD
agent he knew only by the name
Cleveland Says Peace
Now Rests With Soviet
PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 24
(AP).—Assistant Secretary of
State Harlan Cleveland said
last night the world may have
come to a “watershed of the
cold war” should the Soviets
now decide to "live at peace
with their neighbors.”
Mr. Cleveland, who handles
international organization af
fairs, gave what aides termed a
sum-up of Washington views of
the international situation in
the wake of the Cuban crisis
climax.
Addressing the National
Council for Social Studies, Mr.
Cleveland said:
“If Soviet leaders are pre
pared to finish the job of
liquidating the Cuban crisis, we
may find ourselves at an im
portant turning point in his
tory—at a watershed of the
cold war as we have known It.
Up to Russians
"For the Soviet leaders hold
in thir hands one of the world’s
most powerful weapons—the
simple decision to live at peace
with their neighbors, to stop
fighting the United Nations
and gradually join it in fact
as well as name; to start down
the road toward disarmament;
to enter piecemeal into co
operative scientific and techni
cal projects; and, in time, to
become so enmeshed in inter
national organizations and ob
ligations that it becomes In
escapably clear to them—as it
is already clear to the rest of
us—that there is much more
to be won in this world by co
operation than by coercion.”
Mr. Clevland contended that,
from the Russians’ own point
of view, they have more to
gain by turning to a “live-and
let-live formula” than by stick
ing to a hard campaign for
world domination.
No Overnight Change
At the same time, he termed
it “bottled in bond mythology”
to expect that the Communists
will give up expansionist ideas
overnight.
“So what I mean by a turn
ing point in contemporary his
tory,” he said, "is far from a
recently arrived in Munich
for screening, the American
victory in Cuba was cele
brated in all parts of East
Germany. The jubilation of
officials and private citizens
was quiet, of course. They
drank precious wines and
baked cakes and toasted
America and its determina
tion to stand up to their mu
tual enemy. Protestant and
Catholic pastors joined in
some of these celebrations.
They were moving scenes be
cause for the first time in
years there was hope that
the end of the Ulbricht and
Soviet tyranny was in sight.
But the former East Ger
man official was crestfallen
when he began to read the
editorials in the Munich
press which said that now
that President Kennedy had
won a momentous victory in
Cuba he may be willing to
make some concessions to
Mr. Khrushchev on the Ber
lin question to help the Mos
cow dictator save face. One
editorial said that Washing
ton would not be overjoyed
if Mr. Khrushchev were to
be overthrown as a result of
his defeat. The editorial
went on to say that the West
has become accustomed to
Mr. Khrushchev’s antics and
moods and feels it knows
how to handle him. A new
dictator in the Kremlin’
might bring new problems
and further aggravate ten
sions.
In talks with his inter
rogators, the East German
defector—a minor East Ger
man official, entitled to be
taken to his office in a small
car and have an extra ra
tion of cigarettes, wondered
of “Mark” had been assigned
| to become "the organizer of the
assassination” of the old Bol
shevik, Leon Trotsky. Trotsky
subsequently was slain in Mex
ico City, but Orlov said he did
not believe "Mark” was involved
in the actual assassination.
Learned Full Name
Orlov said he learned in 1954
that Mark's full name was Mark
Zborowsky and that Zborowsky
had become a United States
■ i citizen.
Orlov said he had told the
I whole story to the FBI and also
had tried to warn Trotsky
against "Mark.” He said Mark
jhad become a close associate of
Trotsky’s son, Lev Sedov, who
subsequently died.
Orlov said he is sure Zbor
owsky learned that Orlov was
co-operating with the FBI.
“It is just my conjecture.”
Orlov said, “that he immedi
, ately contacted his Soviet es
pionage chiefs for advice.
“I assume that Zborowsky is
now following the advice of his
Russian masters and admitting
things which he cannot
deny. ..."
180-degree turnabout more
like an evolutionary mutation—
changing subtly and with mas
sive deliberation.”
Mr. Cleveland said the West,
for its part, should ride through
the period of change with “ma
turity’’—meaning “a cool head,
steady nerves, unflagging pa
tience, tireless restraint (and)
a clear understanding that we
cannot impose quick solutions.”
Reds in Tea Barter
COLOMBO, Ceylon, Nov. 24
(AP).—Three million pounds of
Ceylon tea now are being load
ed in Oolombo for the Soviet
Union. Trade sources said this
is one of the biggest single ship
ments of tea from this country
and may be the result of a re
cent agreement between Ceylon
and Russia.
Soldier Claims He Proved
Lack of Military Security
Could a saboteur get an
Army uniform and identifi
cation and, in a few weeks,
tape small bombs onto 172
major planes, including those
of the White House and the
Strategic Air Command?
A 30-year-old soldier who
not only says it could be done
but claims he has done it—
with 172 strips of pink tape to
simulate the bombs—today is
in a stockade at Fort George
G. Meade in nearby Maryland.
A spokesman at the fort said
the soldier. Specialsit Jack S.
Steed, is charged with deser
tion and fraudulent enlistment.
Wife Tells Story
Meanwhile, his wife, Michele,
told a reporter here today that
she wants to assure that her
husband’s work is not hushed
up. She said he had written
her of his efforts to pin-prick
why the United States was
satisfied with half-a-loaf
when it could get the whole
loaf at no extra expense. He
added that Herr Ulbricht’s
propaganda boys were quiet
ly telling the people that any
delay in the signing of a
peace treaty with the USSR
is only a matter of strategy;
no one should doubt that
such a treaty will be signed
before long and East Ger
many will control “all its ter
ritory.” That is to say, the
lines of communication be
tween the outside world and
West Berlin.
The East Germans are be
ing told that the strategy of
Mr. Khrushchev, “who is a
peace-minded man who re
fused to precipitate a nu
clear war for the sake of
humanity,” is to wait for a
little time until there is a
deterioration of relations be
tween the United States,
France and West Germany.
Furthermore, so the propa
ganda goes. President Ken
nedy has pledged himself to
contribute wide concessions
to a solution of the Berlin
question.
There are few takers of
this propaganda in East
Germany. In fact, the num
ber of industrial sabotage
acts has increased substan
tially since October 22. But
the escapees arriving in West
Germany are losing heart
when they read West Ger
man papers. The delay in
Cuba of inspection of the
removed missiles and the
speculations on American
concessions on Berlin have
put a damper on their hopes.
They all believe that if the
Western allies took the ini
tiative and pressed for a
plebiscite in both Germanys,
the German problem would
be solved to the free world’s
advantage.
Ads Defended
By Adenauer
BONN, Germany, Nov. 24
(AP). Chancellor Konrad
Adenauer used a special na
tionwide television program)
I last night to try to convince
the West German people his
government has not abused its
authority in the Spiegel affair.
He said the bounds of legal
; ity had been observed through
out the treason action against
Der Spiegel, a weekly news'
magazine of a half million cir-I
culation that has specialized in
criticizing the Bonn govern
i ment.
The 86-year-old Chancellor
made his defense with a state
election In Bavaria In the off
ing. The opposition Socialist
Party claimed he was trying to
sway the voters before the poll
ing tomorrow.
The Chancellor’s Christian
Democratic Party took a beat
ing earlier this month in the
Hesse state election. This was
blamed on public indignation
over the Spiegel affair.
Earlier this week the mount
ing controversy led to the dis
solution of Adenauer’s co
alition cabinet, with the con
servative Free Democratic Par
ty demanding the resigpation
of Defense Minister Franz
Joseph Strauss as its price for
co-operating in a reshuffle.
Mr. Strauss, one-time won
der boy of West German poli
tics, faces a major setback !h
his political career because of
the widespread belief he set the
government on Der Spiegel be
cause of its incessant criticism
of him.
While doing his best to
counter the bad publicity, the
Chancellor insisted the case
against the magazine will be
continued “with the greatest
speed possible.” y
Parks May Add
Two Landmarks
By the Auocieted Press
Two 19th century landmarks
—the home of poet Henry
Wadsworth Longfellow and a
major fur trading post—have
been recommended for addition
to the national park system.
The house Longfellow occu
pied from 1837 until his death
in 1882 is in Cambridge, Mass.
The Fort Union trading post
is nead JVilliston, N. Dak.
Secretary of the Interior
Udall announced yesterday that
the two landmarks had been
recommended by the Advisory
Board on National Parks, which
met recently in Hawaii and
forwarded its findings to the
Secretary.
what he considers America’s
Achilles heel.
She is staying with friends
at 735 Butternut street N.W.
Married to Steed for a year,
she told this story of his ac
tions:
Enlisting in September, he
stayed at Fort Ord, Calif., just
long enough to get 19 copies of
leave forms and his first pass
to go home.
Used Military Planes
He used these to ride free on
military aircraft.
He traveled widely, reaching
Hamilton Air Force Base, Calif.;
Lincoln Air Force Base, Nebr.,
a Strategic Air Command in
stallation; Wright Patterson Air
Force Base. Ohio; Scott Air
Force Base. Ill.; Lowry Air Force
Base, Colo.; Vandenberg Air
Force Base, Calif.; Travis Air
Force Base, Calif., and Andrews
Air Force Base here.
At Andrews, he said, he taped
SENATOR CAUCUS -By w y ma
Cops Cwi'l Features Corp. TM-World Rigth R«vd.
“Believe me, now isn’t the time to
worry about this personal mess you’re in . . . the
time to worry is when your constituents find
out!!”
POTOMAC FEVER
By FLETCHER KNEBEL
Moscow executes four persons on bribery charges. One
nice thing about Russia. A fellow never has to worry about
being a two-time loser.
•• • •
The Government's foreign aid job goes begging. It’s
a disillusioning job. Sooner or later the foreign aid boss
realizes that some of the money he's giving away belonged
to him.
♦» » e
A man of modest ambition is the fellow who fills out
all forms by listing his occupation as “Consumer.”
** * *
It isn’t the ups and downs of life that bother a guy. It’s
the jerks.
** • «
JFK orders $325 million in G.I. insurance dividends paid
in January. It's a safety measure. With that much money
promised for January, nobody’s going to shoot Santa Claus
this year.
Sunny Clime States
Top Population Gains
By th# Associated Press
The American population is still following the sun.
The sunny South and West, according to Census Bureau
estimates yesterday, are outstripping the East and Midwest in
growth.
The States leading all the others in new residents—both
by birth and migration—are California, Texas and Florida.
In the rivalry over which is the biggest State in the<Jnion,
California seems a cinch to'
pass New York before long. It’s
gaining population more than
twice as fast as the Empire
State.
The bureau estimates that
between the 1960 census and
last July 1, California’s popula
tion increased by 1,253,000
which would give it a grand
total of 16,970,000 —or a rate
of increase of 8 per cent.
New York Lead*
New York’s population went
up 619,000 (3.7 per cent) to 17,-
402,000.
Texas expanded by 537,000
a 5.6 per cent increase over its
1961 population of 9,579,677.
Thus by Census Bureau reck
oning, the most populous
States, In order, are New York.
California, Pennsylvania, Illi
nois, Texas and Ohio.
By percentages, the biggest
gainers were the Rocky Moun-
$7 Million Seen Spent
In Massachusetts Vote
BOSTON, Nov. 24 (AP).—
The recent Massachusetts elec
tion may have cost the can
didates as much as $7 million,
political observers estimated
today.
Under a Massachusetts law
passed this year, candidates for
political office must report to
the State secretary of state the
amount of money they received
and the amount spent for their
campaigns.
Figures on file showed:
The Republican State Com
mittee received $944,507 and
distributed among candidates
$944,284.
The Democratic State Com
mittee said it received $67,234
and spent $52,044.
Endicott Peabody, Democrat
ic victor for Governor, received
$431,938 and spent $400,574.
Gov. John Volpe, Republican,
reported he received $432,141
and spent $412,426.
Senator-elect Edward M.
Kennedy, brother of the Pres-
two White House planes. In
Norfolk, he taped Navy planes,
be said.
A spokesman at Fort Meade
said the Air Force and other
officials are checking Steed’s
story.
Found in Ohio
The spokesman said Steed
was picked up at Fort Hayes.
Ohio, and sent to Walter Reed
Army Hospital, where he was
admitted November 2 and
found mentally competent to
stand trial. Neither of the
charges against him directly
involve his taping of planes.
Tuesday, Steed was trans
ferred to Fort Meade. His trial
has not yet been set.
If convicted, a spokesman
said, Steed probably would be
discharged. The spokesman
said Steed has told officials he
was previously in the Air Force
I and the Marines.
tain States of Nevada and
Arizona.
Nevada's population in
creased 49.000 from the 1960
figure of 285,278—a whopping
rise of 17.3 per cent. Arizona’s
went up 207,000, a rate of 15.9
per cent. It’s population in at
the time of the census was!
1 1,302,161.
West Virginia Lag*
Florida—a land of retire
t ment, resorts and space in
. dustries, led the South’s popu
lation surge. It’s estimated
population shot up 508,000, an
increase of 10.3 per cent.
The only State to show a
decline was unemployment
plagued West Virginia whose
population dipped 88,000 or 4.7
per cent.
The South and the West
each gained about twice as
many residents as the North
east and North Central States
combined.
ident, received $275,112 and
spent $226,009.
His unsuccessful Republican
opponent, George Cabot Lodge,
said he received $264,268 and
spent $263,049.
Lt. Gov.-elect Francis X.
Bellotti, Democrat, received
$79,886 and spent $73,223.
His Republican opponent,
Representative Francis W.
Perry, said he received $58,660
and had expenditures of
$55,320.
Republican Edward W.
Brooke, who was elected attor
ney general, received $177,985
and used up $175,869.
Mr. Brooke’s Democratic op
ponent, Francis E. Kelly, re
ported receipts of $33,599 and
expenditures of $59,378.
Mr. Brooke is the first Negro
ever elected to a State-wide
office in Massachusetts.
Political leaders said that,
when the figures for minor
State offices, for Congress and
other posts are completed, the
total should reach about $7
million.
Caravel at Sea
Is Unreported
MADRID, Nov. 24 (AP).—
Spanish naval authorities ex
pressed concern today over the
fate of the Spanish caravel
Nina II and its nine-man crew
which left the Canary Islands
October 10 to retrace Colum
bus’ voyage to the Caribbean
island of San Salvador.
They said, however, that no
general alert had been raised
for the 35-ton reproduction of
Columbus’ smallest ship, nor
had plans been made to con
duct a search.
One naval officer said that,
“with the storms which have
been sweeping the Atlantic the
last few weeks, it could be any
where.”
The Nina II sailed from Las
Palmas, in the Canaries, for
nearby Gomera Island but
i failed to make port.
Sailing experts believed Capt.
Carlos Etayo had elected to
bypass Gomera and head di
rectly across the Atlantic.
The crew includes one Amer
ican.
RALPH McGILL
Thoughts of Trafalgar's Victor
Anniversary Recalls Deeds of Nelson,
Called Architect of British Sea Power
It is likely most of the per
sons in the world have seen
London’s Trafalgar Square,
with her great column rising
almost 200 feet into the sooty
air; the magnificently sculp
tured lions at the base, the
historical panels telling of
Nelson’s thrilling sea battles;
the hundreds of continually
fed pigeons, the children at
play, the old men dreaming
on the benches.
It is a favorite tourist spec
tacle, and those who have
not viewed it with their own
eyes have seen it in movie
newsreels.
Britain this fall celebrated
the 157th anniversary of
Trafalgar ... and of the
death of that strange, com
plex. dedicated man, Horatio
Nelson, the architect of sea
power. He lost his life on
October 21, the day his fleet
destroyed the combined
navies of France and Spain
off the obscure cape on the
southwest coast of Spain
near the Straits of Gibralter.
Warm-hearted, the
staunchest of friends, fear
less, straightforward, open
handed. always in debt, fond
of children and animals, he
knew much physical suffer
ing and little joy. Before he
was 21 he had lived through
terrific attacks of malaria
and one of yellow fever which
almcst took his life. In later
battles he lost an eye and
an arm. He suffered almost
continually, after these
ATLANTA CHAMBER
DESEGREGATES
ATLANTA (AP). The
Atlanta Chamber of Com
merce has desegregated it
self unwittingly and the
president of the 103-year
old organization says he
will go along with the re
sult.
The 3,000-member group
invited the H. J. Russell
Plastering Co. to join, not
realizing owner Herman
Russell was a Negro.
Mr. Russell accepted.
The form letter urging
Mr. Russell’s firm to join
was one of about 500 sent
out under the signature of
Ben S. Gilmer, president
of the chamber.
“If the invitation has
been sent and he (Mr.
; Russell) has accepted it,”
Mr. Gilmer said last night,
“then I would say he’s a
member. I don’t attach any
importance to It one way
or the other.”
Paar-Nixon
Interview
Is Reported
NEW YORK. Nov. 24 (AP).-
Jack Paar was reported to be
Interviewing former Vice Pres
ident Richard M. Nixon in the
Bahamas yesterday for an
NBC television program, the
New York Times reported.
“Mr. Paar is working on a
show that would include a dis
cussion of Mr. Nixon's future
public life and of the com
ments made by Alger Hiss
about Mr. Nixon on an Ameri
can Broadcasting Co. program
on November 11,” the news
paper said.
Mr. Nixon Is vacationing
with his family at Paradise
Island, owned by A&P heir
Huntington Hartford.
The National Broadcasting
Co. in New York said Mr. Paar
had gone to Nassau on a short
vacation but said it knew noth
ing of his plans.
After his defeat for Gover
nor of California on November
6, Mr. Nixon said he had no
plans for the future in politics
and, criticizing the press, said
he would hold no further news
conferences.
Mr. Hiss subsequently ap
peared on Howard K. Smith’s
ABC television show reviewing
Mr. Nixon’s public career and
touched off a storm of contro
versy.
Mr. Nixon, as a Congress
man, had played a key role in
the exposure of Communist ac
tivity within the United States
Government, which led to Mr.
Hiss’ conviction for perjury.
NIXON DEMURS
IN LIBEL SUIT
LOS ANGELES, Nov. 24_
(AP).—Richard M. Nixon’s at
torneys contend the former
Vice President was simply ex
pressing a personal opinion and
not committing libel when he
said he "wouldn’t indorse Eve
rett G. Burkhalter for dog
catcher.”
Mr. Nixon, unsuccessful Re
publican candidate for gover
nor, made the remark during a
campaign telethon early this
month. Mr. Burkhalter, who
unseated Republican Repre
sentative Edgar W. Hiestand in
the November 6 election, filed
a $2-million damage suit
against Mr. Nixon.
Mr. Nixon's attorneys, in a
demurrer, said in Superior
Court yesterday that Mr. Burk
halter’s complaint does not
constitute a cause of action.
I Arguments on this legal objec-
I tion will be heard on Decem
ber 3.
THE EVENING STAR
Wethington, D. C., Saturday, November 24, 1962
wounds, with rheumatism
and severe headaches. Jeal
ousies, intrigue by his naval
associates, his enemies in
Parliament and about the
throne, made life difficult for
him.
He had been retired, and
was living in poverty, when
war with the French Repub
lic flamed in 1792. Britain
needed all she had then. They
gave him an old tub, but he
maneuvered it well enough to
win battles, glory and promo
tion. When the Spanish fleet
joined with that of France,
Nelson, then commodore,
sailed his ships through the
Spanish fleet and won a tre
mendous triumph.
He lost an arm. and before
the stump was well healed he
was back at war. Following
the French fleet from Toulon
he caught it off Egypt and
destroyed all but two vessels.
He was made a baron and
awarded a huge sume of
prize money.
He stopped at Naples on the
return. There he fell in love
with Lady Hamilton, wife of
the ailing British ambassa
dor. After her husband’s
death the two lived openly to
gether for about two years.
Nelson’s enemies and those
jealous of him in the admir
alty busied themselves tearing
him down. Seemingly, he did
not care. He and Lady Hamil
ton were happy across the
lazy, indolent months in the
Italian city built along what
is perhaps the most beauti
ful harbor in the world, with
Scientists' TV to Note
Cooper Orbit Flight
HOUSTON, Tex., Nov. 24 s
(AP).—Astronaut Leroy Gordon '
Cooper, jr., will be seen on sci- ]
entists' television screens during 3
portions of his scheduled 18-
orbit space flight next April. ]
In an interview yesterday, f
Maj. Cooper said a miniature s
transmitter will flash images J
of the inside of the spacecraft 1
back to earth when it is within i
range of a receiving station, i
Alan B. Shepard, jr., the
Nation's first spaceman, who is
Maj. Cooper’s backup man,
said the TV picture of Maj.
Cooper won’t be on the com- ,
mercial networks—at least not
immediately.
“The transmitter will be op
erating on a different scan
speed,” Comdr. Shepard said.
“The pictures could be shown
on commercial television later
after the scan speed is con
verted.”
To Make Vision Test
The Russians saw their cos
monauts via television on their
last two space flights, but this
will be the first time the United
States has used such in flight
transmitters.
Maj. Cooper said his Mercury t
Mariner Is Expected
To Keep Venus Date
By the Associated Press ,
Mariner, the United States
space traveler speeding toward
a mid - December date with
Venus, has lost some power
and is heating up but is still
expected to complete its mis
sion, according to the National
Aeronautic and Space Admini
stration.
Mariner’s assignment: To
scoot within 20.000 miles of
the sister planet and by in
struments get a closer look at I
cloud-veiled Venus’s surface.
Already the bug-shaped space
vehicle holds the world’s rec
ord for long - distance com
munications—almost 22 mil
lion miles.
On November 15, the space
probe lost power from one of
two solar panels for the sec
ond time in its three-month
flight. It was 17.6 million miles
from earth when that hap
pened.
Enough Power Remains
However, NASA said yester
day that enough power is be
ing produced from solar energy
by the remaining panel to carry
i out Mariner’s mission.
The vehicle had power
i trouble before. On October 31,
power suddenly dropped. Then
lon November 7 the disabled
panel snapped back to life just
as mysteriously as it had faded.
Hotter Then Expected
In the hurdling space probe,
temperatures are getting hot
ter as the vehicle approaches
the Sun and Venus. They now
range from 200 degrees fahren
heit on the sunward face of
HERE NOW!
H 15-50
**~\ y w*
MORE SPACE
the smoking cone of Vesu
vius hard by.
The French, having built
a new fleet, set out once
more to do battle with the
British for control of the
Mediterranean. An old en
emy was in command of the
English fleet and Nelson ob
stinately refused co-operation
to the point of defiance.
Nelson subdued Copenhag
en. when the Danes joined
with the Northern Confeder
ation which included Russia.
He had wished to sail to the
seas about that latter coun
try and do it battle, but his
superiors ordered him to at
tack Denmark. He did so.
The French blockaded their
fleet in the vast harbor of
Toulon. (They were to do the
same thing when Hitler’s
forces had occupied France.)
There was a great chase,
which went on for months.
But, at last, the harried com
manders of the French and
Spanish ships gave battle off
the Cape of Trafalgar. It was
one of the most desperate and
bloody sea fights in history.
Nelson died in it, but his foe
was scattered in utter defeat.
A sailor in another ship in
Nelson s command wrote at
that time:
“I never set eyes on him,
for which I am both sorry
and glad. For to be sure I
should like to have seen him,
but then, all the men in our
ship who have seen him are
such soft toads, they have
done nothing but blast their
eyes and cry ever since he
was killed. God bless you!
Chaps that fought like the
devil sit down and cry like a
wench!”
(AU Rights Reserved)
spacecraft also will carry, for
the first time, a ball with
Strobe lights, which will be re
leased to test man's vision in
space at night.
The ball bearing two strobe
lights will be put into free
flight from the Mercury cap
sule during one of the orbits.
Maj. Cooper will then find out
how well he can see the blink
ing ball at varying distances
ranging from a mile or more.
Last Original Astronaut
Maj. Cooper said he is sched
uled to sleep about 8 hours
during the flight. He will be
awakened by an alarm set off
by radio impulse from the
earth.
"There should be a little more
time for sightseeing than in
1 the paat,” Maj. Cooper said,
r Maj. Cooper is the last of the
■ original seven Mercury astro
nauts who will make a space
flight. One. Donald K. (Deke)
Slayton was disqualified by a
heart murmur.
Maj. Cooper said the long
wait did not bother him and
added he does not feel age will
necessarily disqualify him for
a flight to the moon before the
end of this decade.
the solar panels to 100 de
grees on the shady side.
This is hotter than antici
pated but generally within
about 20 degrees of what was
foreseen.
The experts figure the tem
perature on the solar panels
will rise as high as 250 degrees
by the time the probe reaches
its Venus rendezvous. !
At 7 a.m. today, Mariner was
21,908,458 miles from the earth
and 6,360,575 miles from Venus.
The radio signal was reported
as good.
Fire Damages
State Hospital
BARBOURSVILLE, W. Va„
Nov. 24 <AP>.—A wind-whipped
fire ravaged the top floor of
the women's hall at Barbours
ville State Hospital early to
day after 200 mental patients
had been herded to safety.
A hospital spokesman said
all patients had been accounted
for.
Flames first were spotted on
the roof of the brick building
and quickly spread to the third
floor of the three-story struc
ture. The roof had been un
dergoing resurfacing the past
several days.
Patients of all ages are
treated at the hospital, which
opened its doors officially in
January, 1942, with 270 per
i sons.
There was no immediate in
dication of the cause of the
blaze or an estimate of dam
age.
A-5

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