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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 25, 1962, Image 1

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Beginning Today—Rachel Carson’s Controversial ‘Silent Spring’
Weather Forecast
District and vicinity—Partly cloudy and
moderately cool today, highest near 50.
Some cloudiness tonight, lowest about 34.
Fair tomorrow with temperature about
the same.
Full Report on Fag* 3-6
110th Year.
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COMMAND PERFORMANCE AT THE WHITE HOUSE
President Kennedy claps his hands to provide a beat for son,
John, Jr., who is 2 years old today, and daughter, Caroline,
who will be 5 on Tuesday, as they danced about his desk in
Pakistan Studies Peking
Non-Aggression Offer
Foreign Minister Accepts Invitation
From Chou En-lai for Visit 'Sdon'
RAWALPINDI, Pakistan, Nov. 24 (AP).—Red China’s
offer to sign a nonaggression treaty with Pakistan, a defense
partner of the Western powers now Irritated by United
States and British arms aid to India, is under study by
the Government ot President Mohammed Ayub Khan, In
formed sources report.
Foreign Minister Mohammed All refused comment, but
said he has accepted an Invlta-1
tion from Premier Chou En-lai
to visit China soon.
A Foreign Office spokesman*
subsequently announced: “If
such a proposal Is placed be
fore the Minister (All) in
Peking. It would be seriously
examined.”
A Karachi English-language
newspaper. Daily Dawn, said
the proposed pact Includes an
offer of Chinese Communist
help for this Moslem nation
"against aggression from any
quarter.” while not requiring
that the Pakistanis cut their
ties with the West.
India Felt Main Threat
Pakistanis consider their
prime danger is from the In
dians, rival claimants to the
border state of Kashmir. They
dismiss the stagnated India-
China war as a local border af
fair and view morosely the
buildup of India’s military
strength.
President Ayub Khan told
the National Assembly Wednes-1
day, “The Hindu imperialism”
of India is a greater danger to
Pakistan than even interna
tional communism’s permanent
threat to peace. He said Paki
stan would drop its alliances
Snow Covers Alps
VIENNA. Nov. 24 (AP).—
Heavy snowfall was reported
throughout Austria Friday
night and today. In the Alps,
up to a foot fell and Vienna
was whitened by an inch of
snow. A man was found dead
of exposure in a forest in Up
per Austria Friday night.
Is Castro's long shadow cramp
ing Florida's care-free funland
in-the-sun style?
< •
Travel Editor Charles Yar
brough reports from Miami on
the effects of the Cuban crisis
on the Florida-bound vacation
traffic, dispelling widely circu
lated rumors about the extent
of military restrictions.
.. .In Today’s Star
Page H-22
No. 329.
Phone LI. 3-5000 *♦♦* s WASHINGTON, D. C., NOVEMBER 25, 1962
U. S. Believe* Pakistan Will Reject
Rad Poet. Poge A-3
with the West if it found them
“of no use.”
The President received a let
ter of unannounced import
from Chou that day and had an
hour's talk with the Communist
Chinese Ambassador to Paki
stan, Ting Maz-yu.
By the Dally Dawn's account,
the Chinese raised no objection
to Pakistan remaining a mem
ber of the pro-Western South
east Asia Treaty Organization
and the Central Treaty Or
ganization.
Pakistan is a charter mem-
See PAKISTAN. Page A-2
Industry Czar Named
In Moscow Shakeup
KKJSCOW, Nov. 24 (AP).—,
■ The’ Soviet Union established
J a new and powerful economic
council today to give a push
to Russian industry and con
struction. A rising economic
brain a Jew, was named to
’ head it.
At the same time. Soviet
Deputy Premier Vladimir No
vikov was demoted to Minister,
rank in Premier Khrushchev's;
. shakeup of top economic ad
[ ministrators.
Deputy Premier Veniamin
. Dymshits, 52. who rocketed in
i to prominence within the past
' year, takes over the economic
I council to become the cxar of
. Soviet industry.
Mr. Dymshits raised Russian
eyebrows last July when he
was named Deputy Premier
' and was appointed head of the
SILENT SPRING-1
Is Today's War on Insects a Peril to Man's Tomorrow?
By RACHEL CARSON
Contributing Writer
There was once a town in
the heart of America where all
life seemed to live in harmony
with its surroundings. The
town lay in the midst of a
checkerboard of prosperous
farms, with fields of grain and
hillsides of orchards where, in
spring, white clouds of bloom
drifted above the green fields.
Along the roads, laurel, vibur
num and alder, great ferns and
wildflowers delighted the trav
eler’s eye through much of
the year.
Evert in winter the roadsides
were places of beauty, where
countless birds came to feed
on the berries and on the seed
heads of the dried weeds rising
above the snow. The country
side was, in fact, famous for
the abundance and variety of
She Sunday Slaf
Details Sought
On Cease-Fire
India Asks Reds
For Clarification
NEW DELHI, Nov. 24 (AP),— 1
India announced today it has
centered a diplomatic exchange
with Red China, seeking to
clear up several points of Com
munist cease-fire proposals in
I the undeclared war along dis
puted Himalayan borderlands. I
But United States and Brit
ish military aid missions con
tinued their talks with Indian
u officials on whipping the na
i lion’s military machine into
shape.
Prime Minister Nehru has in
dicated India would not accept
Chinese terms for peace in their >
present form and has geared
the nation for what he
a long struggle. He has said
“various diplomatic moves” do
not mean an end to the conflict
is in sight.
Announcing the diplomatic
exchange, a Foreign Ministry
spokesman said Foreign Secre
j tary M. J. Desai summoned the
See INDIA, Page A-8
state planning committee, re
placing Mr. Novikov.
He is the first Jew to reach
‘ such heights since Lazar M.
Kaganovich held his post In
the Kremlin leadership. Mr.;
1 Kaganovich was ousted for
opposing Premier Khrushchev’s
rise to power.
The council he has been
J chosen to head will take over
’ the year-to-year planning tasks
of the State Planning Commit
tee.
1 Mr. Dymshits has a long ca
reer in construction behind
; him. He helped build some of
' the Soviet Union’s largest iron
and steel mills and other heavy
( industries.
. Mr. Novikov's downfall ap
parently was triggered by Pre-
> See MOSCOW, Page A-6
the Presidential office recently. The family will return today
from a Thanksgiving holiday at Cape Cod. (Story and
another picture on Page C-l.)
Kennedy to Visit Units i
Shifted in Cuba Crisis
President Picks Keppel of Harvard
For Commissioner of Education
-HYANNIS PORT, Mass., Nov. 24 (APl.—President Ken
nedy will make a one-day visit Monday to military nien sent
to the Georgia-Florida area because of the Cuban crisis.
The President’s fast tour will begin near Savannah, Ga„
and will take him to Army, Navy and Air Force installations
as far south as Key West, Fla.,
only 90 miles from Cuba.
Andrew T. Hatcher, assist
ant White House press secre
tary, said today the President
will talk with officers and men
at several of the bases he vists.
At Homestead Air Force
Base, south of Miami, the Pres
ident will see the advance head
quarters for the Cuban opera
tion. The top command was
under Admiral Robert L. Den
nison, commander of the At-;
lantic Fleet at Norfolk. Va.
Skips Harvard Game
The President called off his
planned trip to Cambridge to
day to see the Harvard-Yale
football game because of the
prospect of rainy weather.
Mr. Hatcher said the Presi
dent's brothers. Attorney Gen
eral Robert F. Kennedy and
Senator-elect Edward M. (Ted)
Kennedy, with their wives and
some other week-end guests,
flew to Boston in the family
plane Caroline for the game.
The younger brothers, like the
President, went'to Harvard and
I played football as students
■ there.
The President announced his
selection of another Harvard
man. Dean Francis Keppel of
the Harvard School of Educa
tion, for appointment to the
820,000-a-year post as United
States Commissioner of Edu
i cation.
The job has been vacant for
‘ four months, since Dr. Sterling
M. McMurrin quit to return to
the University of Utah. The
jot) was hard to fill. Dr. Mc
i Murrin had complained that
the Office of Education was
' afflicted with red tape and
' bureaucratic problems and that
Congress gave it only skimpy
support.
The President is ending his
i long Thanksgiving week end
"Silent Spring," newly published book
by Rachel Corson, has become the
springboard for a bitter debate
about our attempts to control the
natural world around us through
the use of chemicals. In its pages
the distinguished author of the
widely acclaimed book, "The Sea
Around Us," describes the lethal
chemicals used to battle insects
but contends that the tide of this
struggle is turning against us. From
the pages of "Silent Spring," The
Star presents the first of 12 ex
cerpts prepared for newspaper use
under the author's personal super
vision.
its bird life, and when the
flood of migrants was pouring
through in spring and fall
people traveled from great dis
tances to observe them.
Others came to fish the
' Keppel It Idea Man and Administra
tor Rage A-7
tomorrow night to return to
Washington, so he can leave
from there early Monday for
the Southern trip.
He will start out at Andrews
Air Force Base at 8:30 am.,
and during the day will visit
installations at Fort Stewart,
Ga„ Homestead ‘ AFB. Boca
Chica Naval Air Station at Key
West. Fla., and several other
installations in that area, in
cluding a Hawk missile base.
The President will reboard
his plane at Boca Chica for the
return to Washington, where
See KENNEDY, Page A-4
SPORTS IOUNDUP
Maryland Beats
Virginia, 40-18
Maryland, only area college football
team active yesterday ran up a 40-
18 victory over Virginia at College
Pork before about 17,000 fans.
The Terp* led, 23-0, ot halftime
and added 17. more in the last half
for their sixth victory of the season,
against four defeats.
Elsewhere, Duke won the Atlantic
Coast Conference title with a 16-14
victory over North Carolina and Wis
consin prepared itself for a Rose Bowl
trip against Southern California with
a 14-9 triumph over Minnesota.
Other noteworthy results:
Southern California, 14; UCLA, 3.
Dartmouth, 38; Princeton, 27.
Penn State, 16; Pittsburgh, 0.
West Virginia, 17; Syracuse, 6.
Notre Dame, 35; lowa, 12.
Oklahoma, 34; Nebraska, 6.
Indiana, 12; Purdue, 7.
Louisiana State, 38; Tulane, 3.
Arkansas, 34; Texas Tech, 0.
11 Harvard, 14; Yale, 6.
I Details in Sports Section
streams, which flowed clear
and cold out of the hills and
contained shady pools where
trout lay. So it had been from
the days many years ago when
the first settlers raised their
hbuses. sank their wells, and
built their barns.
Then a strange blight erept
over the area and everything
began to change. Some evil
spell had settled on the com
munity: Mysterious maladies
swept the flocks of chickens:
the cattle and sheep sickened
and died. Everywhere was a
shadow of death. The farmers
spoke of much illness among
their families.
In the town the doctors had
become more and more puzzled
by the new kinds of sickness
appearing among their patients.
There had been several sudden
and unexplained deaths, not
Large Bird Struck
Plane Tail Before
Crash, Probers Say
Jeweler Is Wounded
By Intruder at Willard
Gunman Inside Opens Door and Fires c
When Visitor, Wife Return to Room J
A jewelry manufacturer front) Attleboro, Mass., was shot t
last night when he and his wife surprised an intruder in their /
sixth-floor room at the Willard Hotel at Pennsylvania avenue c
and Fourteenth street N.W. ! &
At George Washington Hosptial, he was identified as
Donald Antaya, 40. t
Hospital aides said he underwent a S'/a-hour operation d
for a bullet wound in the ab
domen. His condition was de
scribed as satisfactory.
Mr. Antaya’s wife. Mary, told
Police Lt. Clark W. Hamm that
she and her husband had just
returned to their room about
6:20 pm. after a visit to the
National Gallery of Art.
Door Thrown Open
Police said that when the
Antayas tried to unlock the
door to Room 605. its inside
safety latch was appdrently in
place.
Mrs. Antaya told detectives
her husband said: “There’s
somebody in there.” Then, she
said, the door flew open and
her husband pushed her out of
the way as a man dashed out
of the room.
The man fired a shot at Mr. i
Antaya and ran down the hall.
As Mr. Antaya chased the
man down the hall, the latter
whirled, fired a second shot
which struck Mr. Antaya in the
abdomen, then disappeared
down a stairway.
Mr. Antaya was able to walk
to the elevator with his wife’s
aid. In the elevator that took
them to the lobby was another
hotel guest, Nathan Kohn, of
Forest Hills. N. Y.
Mr. Kohn said the wounded
man muttered “I’ve been shot"
as the elevator descended.
He collapsed in a lobby chair, I
i
■ Montgomery Board
Checks School Policies
By WILLIAM DUKE I
Star Staff Writer
The four men elected to con
trol Montgomery County's
multi-million-dollar school sys
tem on an economy platform
' indicated yesterday they are I
• just as interested in spelling
as they are in money.
“We’ll be taking office next
week when the new budget is
presented to the board,” Wil-1
liam E. Coyle said, "but we
don't want to get bogged down
1 in money matters to the ex
clusion of more important
1 items.”
Mr. Coyle, who acted as
' spokesman for his three col- i
i leagues, said the new majority
■ of the board met with Supt.
C. Taylor Whittier and other
: school officials and received
1 assurances that the superin-
■ tendent did not intend to re-
I sign. They then arranged for:
1 1. A re-evaluation of teach-
ing methods in the lower ele
mentary grades to provide
greater emphasis on reading
and spelling.
2. Staff briefings to bring
them up to date on past cur
riculum studies, and to fill them
in on specific money requests
that will be contained in the
superintendent's budget.
3. A restudy of the career
recognition program for teach-:
ers. he program, opposed by
only among adults but even
among children, who would be
stricken suddenly while at play
and die within a few hours.
Spring Without Voices
There was a strange stillness.
The birds, for example—where
had they gone? Many people
spoke of them, puzzled and
disturbed. The feeding stations
in the backyards were deserted.
The few birds seen anywhere
were moribund; they trembled
violently and could not fly.
It was a spring without
voices.
On the mornings that had
once throbbed with the dawn
chorus of robins, catbirds,
doves, jays, wrens, and scores
of other bird voices there was
now no sound; only silence lay
Home Delivered:
Daily and Sunday, per month, 2.25
—— f
. where he remained until an E
ambulance arrived.
A lookout was broadcast for ®
a white man about 35 years old,
5 feet 11 inches tall, wearing F
dark clothes, a dark hat. a white 1
scarf and dark glasses, *
Mrs. Antaya told police she
and her husband and his F
brother, John Antaya. Jr., and ’
his wife, Patricia, came to B
Washington Thursday evening
to visit friends. »
Although her husband is a J
jewelry manufacturer. Mrs. ‘
Antaya told police, their visit t
was purely for pleasure and I
they had no significant amount •
of jewelry with them.
At the time of the shooting,
John and Patricia Antaya were
.in Baltimore. i
Dogs Aid Search
Police, with the aid ot dogs, 1
searched the area around the
hotel. It was believed that the
man, who was described as well
dressed, escaped through a park
ing lot near the hotel.
Friends of the wounded man
, said he and his wife were ex
pected at an 8 o'clock dinner
party in Silver Spring last
night. Their hosts were noti
fied of the shooting minutes
See SHOOTING, Page A-6
| many teachers, was hit hard
i in the election campaign. The
four victors charged their in
i cumbent opponents with allow
ing administrators to interfere 1
with the activities of classroom
teachers.
The victors, who had often
See MONTGOMERY, Page A-6
I
Arts Pageant
Sellout Likely
The “American Pageant of '
the Arts” banquet and telecast
at the Armory Thursday eve
ning probably will be a sell
out, Edward H. Foley, chair
man of the local committee for
the National Cultural Center
said yesterday.
Only 80 tables remain to be
sold of the 500 available at the
Armory, he said.
The two-hour telecast may
also be seen at Loew’s Capitol
Theater, where seats range
from $2 to 85; at a $25-a
--plate buffet sponsored by the
Montgomery County Arts Cen
ter at the Indian Spring Coun
try Club, and at six university
campuses—American, Catholic,
Georgetown, George Washing
ton, Howard and the Univer
sity of Maryland—where seats
range from $1 to $5.
over the fields and woods and
marsh.
No witchcraft, no enemy ac
tion had silenced the rebirth
of new life in this stricken
world. The people had done it
themselves.
This town does not actually
exist, but it might easily have
a thousand counterparts in
America or elsewhere in the
world. I know of no commu
nity that has experienced all
the misfortunes I describe. Yet
every one of these disasters has
actually happened somewhere,
and many real communities
have already suffered a sub
stantial number of them A
grim specter has crept upon
us almost unnoticed, and this
imagined tragedy may easily
become a stark reality we all
shall know. What has already
See SILENT SPRING. Page A-2
"Fair Exchange"
Is on the Rise
See TV Magazine
20 CENTS
Section Torn
Off in Flight,
CAB Reports
Federal investigators dis
closed last night that a bird
the size of a goose struck the
tail section of the United
Air Lines Viscount which
crashed near Ellicott City.
Md., Friday.
Seventeen persons, three of
them Washington area resi
dents, died in the crash of the
four-engine turbo-prop plane.
En route from Newark, N. J., it
plunged into a wooded section
of Howard County, Md., about
10 miles southwest of Balti
more, as it prepared to make its
first stop at Washington Na
tional Airport.
The crew of the doomed
plane had been alerted to
watch out for birds only a few
minutes before the crash.
Civil Aeronautics Board in
vestigators shied away from
blaming the bird directly for
the crash, but called it “an
unusual development" and re
ported “it could have had a
serious effect on the plane.”
Tail Section Blamed
Leon Tanguay, director of
CAB’s Bureau of Safety, said
the loss of most of the tail sec
tion was the apparent cause of
the Viscount’s death plunge.
The question left open was
whether a bird wrecked the
tail section.
After the first 24 hours of
painstaking investigation by
some 50 investigators, this was
i the evidence involving a bird:
1. The forward or leading
’ edge of the left stabilizer housed
, in the tail had been punctured.
Deep in the hole were found
feathers, bones, blood and bits
of bird flesh. The hole was
described as half a foot long
and 4 to 5 inches high.
2. The partial carcass of a
large bird was recovered near
pieces of both stabilizers and
elevators. These parts of the
tail section were found about
a quarter of a mile northwest
of the wreckage, indicating that
most of the tail section had
come off in the air.
, 3. Other aircraft had sighted
birds in the area and so re
ported to the Washington Ap
, proach Control Center. The
' crew of the United plane was
duly informed of the presence
of birds along the flight path.
Identification Sought
The recovered carcass was
turned over to Maryland’s chief
medical examiner. Dr. Russell
S. Fisher, for identification by
an ornithologist.
Investigators are aware that
the Eastern flyway of the big
I Canadian geese migrating south
See CRASH. Page A-8
I 1 • ■ .
Today’s Star
Sect. A General News
Sect. B Editorial, Books
Sects. C, D Society, Home
Sect. E . Metro. Area News, Gar
den, Finance
Sect. F Amusements, Hobbies -
Sect. G .. Sports
Sect. H Classified, Travel
Also, Sunday, The Star Maga
zine; This Week Magazine, TV
Magazine, color comics section,
Hecht Co. Gift Idea gravure tab
loid, Lansburgh's Christmas Gift
gravure guide, Hecht Co. gravure
toy supplement and Murphy's
Christmas Gift tabloid.
Index of Subjects
Sect. Page
Amusements Fl-4
Art _f7
Books B 5
Bridge .. .. F 6
Business, Stocks,E 14-17
Camera F 6
Citizens' CalendarElo
Classified H... 1-21
Crossword Puzzle,..F6
Editorials 8..._ 4
Editorial Featuresß2-3
Etiquette C 6
Fashions 03
Garden E ....13
Hobbies ... F. 6
Home Improvementoß
lost, Found A3
Music ..F5
Obituaries . B7
PTA Events Calendar ...F7
Radio F ...4-5
Records F 5
Schools .. F7
Science CalendarF7
Sports G y-1-7
! Stomps, Coins F 6
Television Listings ..TV Magazine
Travel H 22-24
Weather Report B 6
, Week in Perspectiveß...l

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