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Newspaper Page Text
TRANSPLANTED HEARTS AND KIDNEYS WORK AS
WELL AS EVER BUT NOT IN HUMAN BODIES, YET
' - WHAT IS THANATOLOGY?
j Thanatology is a new wd in the popular sense. Broadly
ZJ' it jmeans "the science of death, or dead things." Biology means
the science of life or living things. As 'it is being used now
, thanatology is limited rather to denote the scienceof transplant-
? ing into living bodies parts or organs from other bodies, usually
dead, but sometimes also living.
' Dr. Roswell Park's belief that
the time is coming when we will
transplant functional, vital or
gans from the body of a person re
cently dead into the dead body of
.a live sick person, is endorsed by
other leading surgeons.
"Healthy kidneys, removed
from a human beirig, can be kept
alfve for at least two months'
said Dr. William E. Quine. "A
kidney which had been on ice for
about two months was trans
planted in a dog recently and it
"You can cut a healthy hea'qt
6ut of a deacj person, connect the
big arterjes with tubes connected
t'wjth a fluid of the same' tempera
ture as the blood, then place the
heart in a warm liquid, and it f
beat automatically, pumping the
Ijquid for three or four days.
; It will, in other words-, keep up
its functions. That merely 'shbws
that certain organs, of the body
are really alive and-in perfect
wdfcking order long after the so
called dissolution takes place."
Df. John B.. Murphy is author
ity for the statement that not
only has healthy, living epider
mis been taken from a body just
'deceased and transplanted suc-'
cessfully on a living humna be
ing, but that the transplantation
of skin from an amputated limb to
a person in need of a patch of epi
dermis frequently has "been ac
complished. "Thanatology is not here as
yet," said Dr, Murphy, "and it
will be quite a long time till we'll
know how to transplant human
organs. There is no reason fori
not believing that a man who has
been suffering from Bright's lis-j
ease cannot be snatched from thej
grave by giving him a new and!
healthy set of kidneys."
"Transplanting of qrgans of
animals has been successfully ac-j
cpmplished a great number of
times," said Dr. L. L. McArthur.
"A leg has been cut off one dog
and transplanted on another, and
Lit became a perfectly good walk
ing and running leg. Kidneys
have been transplanted in dogs
with success. A man came to me
last winter and .wanted to have
me graft an ami on him, but I
couldn't find a suitable arm."
Germaany has 22 millions of fe
males abqve the age of 14 and six
millions of them are wage-earners,