OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 09, 1913, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1913-04-09/ed-1/seq-3/

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cruel and the most powerful, the
most vindictive ' and the most
vengeful' power in Chicago the
newspaper trust that has ruled the
city, by fear for so many years.
She knew what she was t doing'
when she did it But she wasn't
. afraid to do what she thought was
her duty.
And what suffering she went
through to do it will not be in vain,
because the. presence of Mrs. McCor
micklast night, her sympathy "and
her fearlessness, helped the girls who
feel themselves so helpless at this
stage of the.fight more than anything
else could, have done.
And, besides, her dramatic denun
ciation of the newspapers made all of
the newspapers, which have been
suppressing the news of the organi-'
zation of' the department store girls
so sedulously, print at least some of
the news of last night's meeting.
The Record-Herald even went so
far as to tell of Mrs. McCormick's
denunciation of the newspapers. But
it was the only one that did.
The other speakers at the meeting
last night were Mary Anderson and
Mary McDowell of the Women's
Trade Union League, Emmett Flood
of the American Federation, of Labor,
George, Koop of" the lpcal printers'
unibn'-.and Mrs. Joseph T. Bowen.'
The most important disclosure at
the meeting was that the department
store owners, who, uncfer oathr tes
tified that'they had.no objections to
their employes organizing, are dis
'charging any girl known to haveat
ten'ded an organization meeting.
Siegel, Cooper & Co. fired one girl
bec'ause'her mouth was too big?' an
other for "talking too much," and
one, who had been with them for nine
years, on the slimmest of pretexts.
The girls in almost every big store,
have been told that if they value
their jobs they had better stay away
from union meetings.
At Rothschild & Co.'s store one girl
put. card's announcing the organiza
tion .meeting in all Jhe! washrooms.
Within halfan hour store spotters
had discovered the cards and remov
ed all of them.
There are good grounds for the
belief that hired spotters of the State
Street millionaires attended the meet
ing last night in order to report to '
the employers what girls attended it.
"One of your employers is quoted
as saying that he does not think that
organization would do his employes
any good," said Mary Anderson. t
"You may be fairly sure anything
that is 'not for your good' in the" eyes
of your employers, IS for your good.
"And when they begin firing you,
for attending union meetings and
threatening you when you talk of or
ganization you, may be sure it is ber
cause they are scared.
' "There is only one thing that I
know of that will scare a millionaire t
employer, and that is something that
is likely to affect his pocketbook.
"Your employers know and know
well that if once you are thoroughly .
organized you will be able to MAKEj
them give' yo.u living wages!
"And they're scared of that, be
cause that would touch their swollen,
"A federal report," said Mrs. Jos- j
eph T. Bowen, "shows that there are.?
13,160 girls working in eight of the'
big Chicago stores; that 210 of thesev
get less than $3 a week; 814 less than!
$4; 1,794 less than $5 r 3,000 less than'
$6; 5,2000 less than" $7-, and 7,000
less than $8. "
"The average amount necessary
for a Chicago working girl for food,
lodging and carfare, not counting?
anything for clothes, is $5.37 a week.!
And there are 1,794 girls .working in
these (eight stores -who get less than,
$5 a week. ,
"Eight dollars, a week is only
enough for food, lodging and clothes
of the poorest qualities, amd leaves
nothing' over for such necessary inci-,
dental, expenses as dentist bills, doc-r
tor bills, books and amusements. And;
there are 7,000 girls in these eight
stores .who get less than $8 a week,",

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