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Newspaper Page Text
Instead the packers are trying to
conciliate the workers, are offering
thtemhalf a loaf because they see
that if they do not the workers will
arise and take their rightful whole
And while the polyglot workers of
the Yards were cheering organizers
of the American Federation of Labor
at Columbia Hall, five hundred de
partment store girls, whose oppres
sion was shownf so clearly by the
O'Hara commission, and the expo
sure of whose oppression only made
at oppression the more heavy; were
gathered formulating plans for the
thorough organization of the depart
At their meeting the girls showed
a spirit of determination that prom
ises well for results, despite the vi
cious tactics of the department store
millionaires who fear the organiza
tion of their employes even more
than they feared the scorn of the
. world that the O'Hara commission's
public branding of them exposed
And meantime the fifty thousand
garment workers, who were crushed
and humbled in the great strike of
two years ago, are gathering their
scattered forces together again and
In1 this case, too, the employers are
not daring to use their old repressive
tactics against -the workers. They
simply do not dare, and the garment
workers' campaign for organization
is going steadily ahead.
The first step in the American
Federation of Labor's campaign to
organize the stockyards, taken yes
terday, was an immense success.
Almost a thousand stockyards em
ployes, men of all races, crowded
Columbia Hall, Forty-eighth and
Paulina streets to hear the Federa
tion's organizers talk.
They wildly cheered every denun
ciation of the conditions of life forced
upon them by the packers and every
statement thatujnljrby organization'
could they free themselves.
The speakers were John Fitz
patrick, president of the Chicago
Federation of Labor; Emmett Flood,
A. F. of L. organizer; William Borke
and Alexander NielubowskytvJ)oth
foreign organizers of the A. F. of L.,
and Dennis Lane, of the butchers.
The trend, of all the speeches was
The story of r how the packers,
helped out by Police Captain Paddy
Lavin, broke the great strike of 1904
was told; and how since then the
packers had been steadily making
conditions worse and worse.
It -was pointed out that the pack
ers were so afraid of organization of
the stockyards employes that, since
the present campaign had been'start
ed, they had guaranteed their em
ployes xat least four days' work a
"They are guaranteeing you four
days a week now" said Fitzpatrick.
"They-are doing so only because they
are afraid. If you let this chance
to organize slip they'll soon forget
"But even that guarantee is an.
outrage. They are working you
twelve and thirteen hours a day just
now and guaranteeing you at least
four, days a week.
"If. you were organized you could
demand and force them to give you
the eight-hour day. And if you had
the eight-hour day, as you ought to
have, there would be plenty of work
to go around.
"Then there wouldn't be any
guaranteeing'you four days a week.
You'd be guaranteeing yourself six
days' work a week and at decent,
living .wages, too.
"The packers know your-.power if
you are organized. That's why they
are tryingto stave off organization
with the guarantee of four days
work a week; that's why they are
paying spies huge salaries and big
expense accounts to watch .and re
port on .all your doings.
. -"They ait afraid that you may or-