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Newspaper Page Text
slst on Justice Just as fast as they leanl what Justice is 'and where It -Is
Only a few years ago the outcry against kept Judges became general,
and already a great change is noticeable in our courts a' great change for
Only a few years ago the people got over the notion that the United
States senate was tfie-greatest deliberative body on earth, and began call
ing it a rich man's club. Look at the change. See how the people have
hurled the mighty from their seats of power.
And only last year, and right here in Chicago, we saw the tools of
Aldrich, Penrose7Crane and their ilk go tumbling into oblivion with the
party that had betrayed the people under their leadership.
Only a few years ago few people knew what the initiative and referen
dum meant. Now it is becoming the law of the land.
Only a few years ago the demand started for the election of United
States senators by direct vote of the people. Now it is a part of the con
stitution, the pressure of public opinion having forced a sufficient number
of states to adopt the amendment
For years it seemed as if the real seat of government were in Wall
street and only the scenery in Washington, but last year the people moved
the seat and the power from New York back to Washington. . .
In truly progressive and, democratic government the Eastern states are
now as zealous as their sisters on the Pacific slope.
There are new rules in the political game rules the Aldricb.es,
Baileys, Smoots and Cannons don't understand.
Even in the industrial field men are learning that the rules will have to .
be changed. A few years ago it would have been Impossible to have a com
mittee from the United States Senate visit darkest West Virginia to Investi
gate the feudal government of the coal barons. Today the glare search
light of publicity is being turned into the dark valleys among those hillsand
mountains, and that means ultimately industrial health in place of indus
That same searchlight will go into the steel mills and Into the stock
yards, as it has already gone Into the department stores and other places
where human slavery exists and a few men climb to financial "success" on
the prostrate forms of their many brothers and sisters.
And men can't stand the blinding-glare of publicity like that. Whether
they show it outwardly or not, I believe that the Rosenwalds, the Simpsons,
Basches, Lehmanns, Hillmans and other merchant princes FEEL the
I do know that all over this country there are employers who made in
quiry into wages after reading the testimony before the Illinois Welfare
Commission, and raised the wages of women and girls without waiting for
a minimum wage law. We know of some here In Chicago who made an
nouncement of the raise, but there are thousands who did it and kept quiet
because they were ashamed of what they had been paying before.
It is that very thing that gives me hope and encouragement that men
are ashamed. I think many have been unjust without knowing it, or with
out being conscious of how much they were responsible for vice, crime and
poverty. They were victims of a vicious system; and are only beginning to
understand howjdcious the system had become.
So when I see that whenever they understand, people will try to work
closer to human brotherhood, I believe there must be constant Improvement
of conditions and a steady movement of the mass toward human brother