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Newspaper Page Text
The mine has no explosive gases,
coal dust or fire damp. But above
and below the coal vein is treacher
ous clay that may sink or rise, clos
ing exits and air. passages.
To avoid this danger, Uncle Sam
keeps his mine well timbered.
Moreover, it is a "double entry
mine, so that the choking up of one
passage would leave another way of
In case two parallel entries should
Jenny Lund, belle of the mining
camp, who waits table In Uncle Sam's
be stopped up at once, there are
enough air shafts well distributed to
provide escape from almost any part
of the workings.
These air shafts are adjusted at
present to give a good circulation
through the mine without forced
draft, though that may be needed
later. The air is generally good.
Miners sometimes live in the mine
during the winter in a large, planked
room near a ventilating shaft.
The use of a special explosive mak
ing little smoke helps to keep the air
The mine is slightly damp, but well
drained, and no miner has to work
in standing water.
There are enough cars, track,
mules and drivers so that the miners
lose no time waiting for cars.
The thickness of the coal vein 9
feet adds greatly to the comfort and
ease of mining. For the men can
work standing erect.
An average working force for a
shift in summer is 20 men, consisting
of one foreman, 11 diggers, two
trackmen, two timbermen, three
"skinners" and one weigher. There
are 24 cars and three mules. One
mule rests while two work.
The coal vein is level, making easy
hauling. The entrance is in a hill
side. The cars of coal are. hauled
out three or four at a time, then
rolled singly down an inclined trestle
to the tipple. The load is weighed,
dumped into a big hopper, fed
through a crusher, raised on a chain
carrier and dropped into bunkers
holding 400 tons, which deliver it be
low at the mouths of the power plant
Here Uncle Sam, by scientific com
bustion, gets more" efficiency out of
lignite coal than anybody else ever
There are eight boilers, four work
ing now, each 260 horsepower. They
run two big steam turbine pumps at
the power-house and three turbine
generators which supply power to
the pumps at a distance and also
light the city of Willlston.
There is an electric pumping barge
in the Missouri river which lifts the
muddy water to a settling basin.
Then the pumps at the' power plant
and two other stations lift it higher,
pouring It into canals, whence it
flows to the Irrigation ditches.
There is a similar barge and another
pumping station at Buford, supplied
with power from the central plant,,
but they are not operating at present.
Uncle Sam employs, in his power
plant, three shifts of men working
eight hours a day. Just now, besides