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profit of twice what he makes now he wouldn't buy any more shoes, cloth-
ing, food or supplies than he buys now. And he wouldn't buy any less if his
' income were cut in half.
But if there was an average increase of the wages of his thousands of
- employes practically every dollar of that increase would go to buy things
! those employes are unable to buy now.
The same is true of J. Ogden Armour, or any other beef baron. They
fc won't buy any more if their incomes are doubled, or any less if their in
comes are halved.
I But if the wages of employes at the stockyards were Increased, prac
tically every dollar of increase would flow into the channels of trade and
I help business in Chicago that much.
I can illustrate the blindness and ignorance of merchants. Up in the
Michigan copper country, where about 15,000 miners are on strike," the
5 business men of Calumet, Houghton and Hancock got together as a Citi
Izens Alliance and took sides -with the Boston owners of the Calumet &
They were either coerced or persuaded that their interests were the
interests of the mine owners. So they openly sided against the striking
miners and joined hands with the mine owners to crush the Western Fed
aeration of Miners.
That organization was spending about $40,000 a week providing for
the families of the strikers, and all of that money came from outside of the
When the local merchants, who had been living off the Twiners, took
'sides with the mine managers, the Western Federation of Labor started
stores of their own. They began buying meat by the carload in Chicago,
shipping it to the copper country and disposing of it through their own
The trade of the mine managers isn't any bigger than it was before,
and the storekeepers didn't help themselves by taking sides against the
miners who had previously spent their wages in the local stores.
Down in Springfield, Illinois, the business men almost unanimously
took sides against the locked-out workers in the building trades. Then
the Springfield Federation of Labor decided to get solidly back of their
It was decided that they would draw their money out of the hostile
'banks and building and loan societies and open up co-operative stores, if
ne?d be. I don't know how far they will go with this, but there is the pos
sibility that the workers, by seeing that in union there is all kinds of
strength, will learn something in the way of co-operation that will put some
Tetail merchants permanently out of business.
Over in England where they have co-operative stores, patronized by
the working class, a big soap manufacturer refused to sell his particular
brand of soap to the co-operative stores.
That brand of soap was as well known over there as Ivory soap Is here.
The co-operative stores notified their customers they wouldn't be able to
supply that particular brand of soap for a few months, but would be able to
give them just as good a soap very soon. And they got busy and went to
making soap that answered the purpose. Now they are cutting into the
business of that manufacturer.
These are but straws that show which way the wind is blowing. They
are signs of the times. They indicate the growing solidarity of labor the
world over' and the coming emancipatioiuof labor from All kinds of slavery.