Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1943 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
James A. Waddell, head of the Waddell-Mahon strikebreaking agency,
told Government Statistician Walter B. Palmer, in my presence, that at that
time he had 108 strikebreakers on duty; that 40 per cent of them were ex
members of the New York city police force, and that the county paid him
$5 a day for each man, while Waddell paid the men $3 each.
There were some Burns' men there at the same time, and they were in
the employ of the mine managers.
Capt. Vickery, of the Ascher Agency of New York, was at Calumet when
I was, but at that time had brought in none of .his men. Since that time
the Ascher agency has brought in gunmen from the East to reinforce the
At the same time there were 650 of the Michigan state militia on duty
in the copper district.
I don't know how many gunmen the miners had on their private pay
roll at the time Sheriff Cruse told me there were 1,200 deputies on the coun
ty payroll. But Waddell made his headquarters in the sheriff's office at
Houghton and was practically in charge of the entire army of gunmen.
' The story of the Hearst papers looks to me very much like a studied
attempt to head off a federal investigation; and I have been wondering why
Hearst was so anxious to prevent such an investigation.
I have seen him use all the influence of his newspapers to force Presi
dent Wilson to intervene with armed force in Mexico. I have seen his papers
advocating a policy that would mean war with Mexico, with all the tre
mendous: sacrifice of American lives that such a war would mean. And I
know Hearst has vast land holdings in Mexico.
Then I wondered why his papers were discrediting President Moyer
and the Western Federation of Miners, and trying to head off an investiga
tion of the Btrike in the Michigan copper country.
I wonder if it can be because the Hearst family is the largest stock
holder in the Homestake mine at Lead, South Dakota, where the Western
Federation of Miners has been kept out, where miners work for Hearst un
der aon-union conditions; where the miners are even more abject slaves
than the copper miners of Michigan; where the managers of the Homestake
mine drove the Catholic bishop from his diocese because he became active
in trying to prevent Sunday work in the mines, and to better working con
ditions for the Hearst slaves.
I wonder if Hearst is fighting his own battle against unionism and the
Western Federation of Miners at Calumet so that he won't have to fight
that battle at the Homestake mine.
I wonder if Hearst wants the U. S. government to send an army into
Mexico to protect his property from the Mexicans who have been robbed of
their lands and-mineral possessions; and then doesn't want the government
to intervene in the Michigan copper country, because intervention there
might lead to freeing the slaves of the Homestake mine through unionism
-And then I wonder if the Chicago Tribune is going to tell the people of
this country the whole truth about the situation in the Michigan copper
country 'and help bring about a government investigation that will show
wheher Moyer and his associates in the Western Federation, or. the non
resident millionaire owners of the copper mines are to blame for the anarchy
If there is no government investigation, there will be no investigation
at all. Gov. Ferris of Michigan did most of his investigating by having a
several houre' conversation with James McNaughton, manager of the Calu-