Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1943 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
each miner as an. individual must stand alone when he deals with the orr
ganized mine owners. :
Of course, if the mine owners can hold the position, every miner is an
abject slave. If lie protests against what he considers injustice in his. rela
tion with the employers, -necan be fired.
For many years there lias been peace in the copper country and
while there was peace the owners of the Calumet & Hecla mines drew down
over $121,000,000 in dividends, besides $75,000,000 that were reinvested,
and all on an original investment of $1,250,000. "
Finally that long peace was broken. First the miners petitioned their
employers for a redress of grievances. The petition was ignored.
As a last resort the men organized and went on strike. There was
nothing else they could do that they hadn't tried without success.
After the miners themselves by a referendum vote had determined to
strike, they called in the officials of
the Western Federation of Miners to
lead that strike.
Although those labor leaders tried
to delay the strike, the men them
selves forced the issue.
Then the officials of the Western
Federation took charge of the strike
and have led and financed it ever
since with the aid of the American
Federation of Labor.
Determined to crush the only union
the miners could join, the organized
union of mine owners, through their
organized managers, took, the law
into their own hands.
And they took into their own
hands all of the instrumentalities of
the law, from the sheriff of Houghton
county to the Supreme Court of
The state militia was put on guard
at the expense of the people of Michi
igan and the headquarters of the
commanding officers at Calumet
were in an armory owned by the
Calumet & Hecla Co.
The real work of the militia was
to hold the striking miners in sub
jection while the organized mine
owners proceeded to fight the union.
In addition to the state militia, a
private army of thugs and gunmen
desperadoes recruited in the slums of
New York and other large cities
was brought Into the war by the mine
owners. And every thug in that
army was armed to the teeth.
Every imported thug and gunman
was sworn in as a deputy sheriff and
given a badge and authority to take
human life "in defense of the law."
Miners were assaulted, beaten,
shot and killed. Miners and their
wives were arrested without warrant
and thrown into jail.
The commanding officer of the pri
vate army of gunmen made his head
quarters in the office of the sheriff,
who was -a tool of the mine man
agers. YOU have read of the outrages
perpetrated by the gunmen and the
lawless Citizens' Alliance.
You have read of the awful sacri
fice of human life on Christmas eve.
You have read of the assault on
President Moyer, of his shooting and
forcible deportation from the state.
You have read of the three at
tempts of the United States YOUR
government to mediate, to bring
about peace when, through Palmer,
Moffitt and Densmore, it offered its
But the haughty copper barons
laughed in the face, of YOUR gov
ernment. They have spurned its of
fer of Its good offices as an un
And now they have laughed in the
face of the people of Michigan, and
have spurned All efforts of Gov. Fer
ris to bring about peace.
In the meantime the miners have
repeatedly asked for arbitration.
They have even offered to submit ab?
solutely-to any finding madeby arbi-