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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, February 27, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 9

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-02-27/ed-1/seq-9/

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White 'states. are' those, having state . provisions for public labor ex
changes; shaded states have 'municipal provisions only; black states have-none.
New York,' Feb. 27 With the
great, timely, purp'pse of bringing the
jobless man'td the. manless. job, the
first national conference on employ
ment opened in New York today.
This is also'theifjfst' concerted ef
fort which , the: United' States has
made to meet the-gfeat-nationwide
problem of. how and what to do . for
the man out "of w.ork.
The conf erenceus being held under
the joint auspices- of the Association
on Unemployment and the American
Association fjor-iLabor Legislation.
The program has been mapped out
under two main -features the regu
larizing of the so-called seasonal in
dustries and" the knitting-together of
public employment bureaus into a
national Sysfem of labor exchanges.
These labor-exchanges will be open
to tnen and5 women alike. No fees
are charged'.. ;And the 'main function
of these 'proposed aids-f o-the-rwbrk-less'will
be to1 furnish, information to
workers and employer"- .
It is beHeveoV'thaJ ttiis plan will pre
yent the conditions, ,w'Mchnow" often
exist, of great numbers of men being
out of employment in one section of
the country, whiie factories or other
industries are closing down in anoth-
er section because of insufficient help.
John B. Andrews, secretary of the
American Association for Labor Leg-'
.islaion, saya: "The 1910 census fig
ures have not been published, but the
figures for 1900 show that, then, over'
six million working people, that is,
nearly a fourth of all those engaged
in gainful occupations in this coun-'
try were at some time of the year
out of work. Of these, some three
million lost from one to three, months"
each. On the. basis of $10 a week
this -represents a loss in wages of'
approximately $200,000,000.
"Two millions of these were em
ployed in trades where four to six
months' work was lost, representing
a total wage loss of approximately
$,500,000,000, while some 700,000were
idle for from seven to twelve months
in the year a wage loss approxi
mately again -of $300,000,000.
"This brings the wage loss occa
sioned by the lack of employment to a

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