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MOYER TELLS STORY OF HIS
SHOOTING AT CALUMET Charles H. Moyer, president of the Western Federation of Miners, told the story of his shooting and deporta tion from Calumet, Mich., before the Congressional Committee, which is investigating the big mine strike. Moyer testified at last night's ses sion, which was held in the Hotel LaSalle. His story was effective. In a graphic manner he described how the mob of members of Citizens' Alli ance broke into his room in the Hotel Scott at Hancock, Mich., beat him and then shot him in the back. "After that I was dragged from the hotel and across the bridge to Hough ton," said Moyer. "They threatened to throw me over the bridge several times. 1 Then they decided to hang me. 'Let's string him up here,' some one suggested. , "As they were discussing I heard some one say: 'Here's McNaughton.' Then a-man came up and began choking me. He took a pocketbook from my coat. One said 'Better keep that, Jim, it may contain valuable papers.' But he took $10 and gave it back. Tanner and I were then hus tled aboard a Chicago-bound train in charge of two sluggers." The committee concluded its work with Moyer's testimony and left on a late train for Washington, The mem bers expect to have their report ready within a few weeks. An interesting part of Moyer's tes timony came out when he was ques tioned about his own personal life. Big Business has always tried to dis credit labor leaders by accusing them of profitiflg from union labor. Moyer very camlly exploded that insinuation as far as it pertained to him. An effort was also "made to show he was an agitator during the Hay market riots, but Moyer showed that lie worked in Colorado at that time. "Do you believe that Socialism should be presented to union men?" he was asked. "I believe that all men should study economic questions," was the an swer. "Do you hold to the theory, that there is an unending conflict between capital and labor? "I learned that many years ago, when I first became a laborer; when I was nine years old, in fact." Moyer answered. "Do you believe that the worker should be the master of his product?" "I believe a laborer should have the full product of his toil. And also that government should own most of our industries." "There is a story spread around that you own a palace in Denver and one in California," Rep. Casey said. "I own a 5-room 2-story house in Denver. I paid $1,750 for it, and it will take me four years to pay it off. I have a place in California, which cost me $6,000, but I owe $5,000 on it," he answered. "What is your salary?" asked Rep. Taylor, Arkansas. "Five dollars a day," Moyer an swered. And the mine owners' coun sel offered no comment. Chairman Taylor: "Ten days ago Judge Hilton offered on behalf of the miners to go back to work and waive all questions involved at the time of the strike. Would you advise them to accept?" Moyer: "The offer meets with my approval. I am willing to leave it to the men." Five affidavits showing that the militia were drunk and disorderly were admitted. These affidavits charged the militia with acts of vio lence. o o The great Peter, czar of Russia, fighter and thinker, looking over a gathering of lawyers at Westminster, one time, said:. "What use of so many lawyers? I have but two lawyers in Russia, and one of those I intend' to hang as soon as I return,"