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"cost lots of money, in hiring new
ones. And, then, each man does
more and better-Work now. The fall
ing off in days' absence on account
of sickness is simply enormous.
These things all show in our output.
k "The number of pars we made in
February, last year, was 16,000.
With the same number of employes,
in February this year, under the
profit-sharing plan, we put out 25,000
"Yes, I guess the plan pays, from
the standpoint of profit and loss.
Anyhow, I KNOW it does, from MY
standpoint. IT HAS ACCOMPLISH
ED EVERYTHING I WAS HOPING
FOR. It's making better, healthier
men out of our employes. Every man
here is a satisfied individual; he's his
own boss. We're a group of friendly
people, co-operating not a business
corporation for making mohey only,
without a soul!"
BY A SPECIAL INVESTIGATOR.
On Michigan avenue in Chicago is
the International Harvester skyscrap
er. In a beautiful office overlooking
the glistening lake sat C. J. "Hicks,
head of the "welfare department."
He boasted of their "minimum wage"
for married men $2 per day. But
thousands work only part time, -so
the average is $550 a year.
He told of alL the charity done by
the company. The McCormick fam
ily, head of the harvester trust, does
a great deal in charity, open-air
schools, sanitariums, visiting nurses,
etc. Sherman T. Kinsley is their press
agent and draws 3,500 a year.
"Would $5 per day help any?" I
asked, after reading statistics show
ing the company had "given away"
about $100,000 last year .to relieve
distress among its $2-per-day men
and their families.
"That would do no good," he said.
"They don't know how to live. We
must show them how."
He admitted that dividends come
befoie chanty and all other consid
erations. "We must be business-like,
and not sentimental," he added.
Before I called on Hicks, the wel
fare expert, I had visited homes of
the men who live under this Harvest
er Company reign of charity and
profits and produce a few millionaires
and thousands of paupers and the
finest machines "to save labor."
About these homes and $2-a-day
families I wrote yesterday. Most of
them need charity. Some of them
those in dire distress get it. The
houses most of them are unsani
tary, unhealthy, veritable disease
breeding spots. And the McCormicks
send visiting nurses around. Also, if
disease gets too. strong a hold, why,
there are sanitariums, supported by
In one year the International Har
vester Company spent as much as
$277,147.03 for charitable purposes,
and it spent in the saime time $218,
287.39 as compensation for Industrial
accidents and accident prevention. If
a man is killed in the works, his fam
ily is given three years' wages. If a
workman has an eye gouged out, the
company hands him over three
fourths of his year's wage. Another
thing of , which the company hoasts is
"the abolishment of the common
Of course, the Harvester trust is
making money. Every once in a while
they cut a melon. They slice it up
among themselves the stockholders.
Right now they have a surplus, $31,
586,54"4, waiting to be divided.
By the last report, I find that the
trust handed out $11,562,698 as one
year's dividends to stockholders.
Next door to the Detering plant of
the International Harvester Com
pany life rots. Fifteen miles farther
north on the shores of Lake Michigan
the accumulated wealth from the
labor of underpaid workers bursts '
forth in mansions. The owners of the
Harvester trust live there.
Of the 7,800 men and women em
ployed in the Deering plant, 75 per
cent aie in the $2 class the boasted