OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 29, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-04-29/ed-1/seq-7/

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The methods employed by "proba
tion officers" of the Juvenile Court in
whose care boys, who have commit
ted some trifling offense or who have
,been guilty of incorrigibility, are plac
ed that they may be given a "chance"
was investigated by the Curran Com
mission yesterday.
The "chance" consists, according
td the, testimony of Albert Detloff,
"volunteer" probation officer, of plac
ing boys of from 16 to 20 years of age
on a farm where they are paid $5 a
month. Detloff is charged with brib
ery, it being alleged that he offered to
sell a boy.
Detloff could see nothing appalling
in the fact that these boys are placed
on farms where they work from be
fore sunrise until after sunset for the
miserly stipend of $5 a month, which
often does not include their clpthing,
and are not even in many cases per
mitted to spend this $5 a month, but
it is "saved" for them under the
"guardianship" of the probation Offi
cer. Detloff was sure he was most kind.
He visited the boys sometimes and
asked them if they were treated all
right and admitted he generally asked
this in the presence of the farmer.
There are 28 boys under his care be
ing given this splendid "chance" at
the present time. , .
The commission further tore the
pretense from "charity in .the name of
Christ" organizations and showed
them up still more fully as mendi
cants who use as their appeal the
thing that-is closest to a man's heart
next to his mother--the religion she
taught him.
Collins of the Samaritan Army re
turned with another of his officers,
Co.l S. T. Bradley, who contradicted
Collins' testimony of Monday by
stating that the Samaritan Army is
not a "charity" .organization, but a,
"mission" -organization, and 'that
"charity" is merely a matter of its
own YQlition, thpugh-jt makes its col
lections in the name of "charity."
The report of this organization
showed that it had collected from
street meetings and in other ways in
the last two years $2,498.97. That its
tota receipts from the rake-offs it
getsfrom the branches that operate
under its charter and these street
meetings w&s $2,785.49, of which sum
it credited itself with $77.19 for char
ity and distributed 1,055 garments
that had been donated to it
Out of this expense sum, sundries
(not explained) amounted to $579.95,
salaries $433.96, traveling expenses
$38,24, and other expenses embraced
light and heat, printirfg and station
ery, furniture and repairs, telephone
and correspondence, lawyer's fees,
.patent for a bonnet, typewriter at
$"100 and a typewriter desk.
This amount it must be born in
mind is independent of the commis
sions received by the solicitors, out of
which solicitors live, e
These organizations 'are small fry
that have patterned after the bigger
grafting Christian organizations.
They do not manage to pile up mil
lions in property like the Salvation
Army or the Volunteers of America,
but many of their officers are dis
gruntled members of the latter or
ganizations and their method of graft
is similar, though it is perforce but
.the "leavings" of the bigger organ
ized "charities" that they, secure.
"General" Hattie Morgan of the
Slum Army did not appear at the
morning session as'she was suffering
with her heart,7but an investigator of
the commission managed to bring
Hattie in at the afteVnoon session.
Hattie made a speech to ihe effect
that she has nothing to do with the
books, though she is the head and the
treasurer of this-bunch of "copyists."
.Owing toHattie's ignorance of
bookkeeping she was unable to ex
plain certain discrepancies between
her testimony and the records Jn the
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