OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 30, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-04-30/ed-1/seq-8/

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a private fund that has no connection
with the Juvenile Court.
Judge Pinckney's clemency in this
direction is certainly a thing to be
commended, but his strict interpre
tation of the law in the other cases
threatens to destroy all the good ef
fect of his clemency, since, once the
boy has been placed in the care of a
"volunteer" probation officer, the
value of the clemency may be eutire
ly eliminated bythe treatment meted
out to the boy by the "volunteer" pro
bation officer.
That the "dependency" of children
has increased with the increased
number of institutions to receive "de
pendent" children was admitted by
the judge who believed this was due
to the fact that the more institutions
there are, the more attention people
of different creeds and nationalities
pay to the "dependency" of children,
and not to any excess zeal on the part
of representatives of the institutions
to hunt up- "dependent" children that
their instltution8may thrive.
As an evidence of his dislike of in
stitutions and his desire to keep the
children in the home. Judge Pinck
ney pointed to the1 Mothers' Pension
law. The Mothers' Pension law, how
ever, was amended through the ef
forts of the Juvenile. Gourt so that it
no longer covers deserted mothers
and therefore has lost over 50 per
cent of ts efficiency in keepihgthe
home together-. '
The fact that farmers pay only $5
a month to these,boys is .not because
they want to get cheap help, accord
ing to the judge, "but because" "the
boys are bad boys, not angels," and
therefore the farmer who employs
them is taking a risk by doing so, but
this risk seems to weigh lightly on
the farmer's mind compared with the
fact that he can get boys of from 16
to 20 at this wage. Evidence shows
that it weighs so lightly that most
fanners are willing to take a chance
on the delinquency rather than spend
tne difference between what they pay
the delinquent boy and what he 1
would be worth if he were not a de-
linnnant Tri,4- inct rt rvr -
Mary Bartelme. asistartt3o'"Juds:en?5
.. , - , ' , l2 11 j z.ols't
rmcunay, ana wno xias nanaiea ptnw
delinquent girls in the year ending in
March, 1913, declared tnat yo per
cent of delinquency is due to environ
ment, lack of parental care, amuse
ments chosen, opportunities and their
lack, and the social and civic system. "
Katherine Shannon, who attends to
the placing of girls in foster homes,
impressed the commission with the
care she exercises and the respon
sibility she feels towards these girls,
which served to throw into more
startling contrast the lack of care
exercised in the case of boys.
Girls of less than 14 years are
placed in foster hpmes and permitted
to attend school. They help with the
housework after school but receive,
no pay.
Girls of over 14 assist in house
work and Miss Shannon.says are paid
from $2 a week to $5.50 a week.
Joel T. Hunter, chief probation offi
cer, testified that there are 77 paid
probation officers of the Juvenile
Court and nearly 100 "volunteer"
probation officers. Hunter has no rec
ord of "volunteer" probation officers.
He stated they are under the direc
tion of Judge Pinckney.
o o
An international May Day celebra
tion will be held under the auspices
of the Chicago locals, Industrial
Workers of the World, at Bowen HahV
Hull House, Halsted and Polk streets,
Friday, May 1, at 8 p. m. Charles
Ashleigh of California and others will
speak. A musical program will fol
low. The International Propaganda
Group will hold an unemployed dem
onstration at 7:30 p. jn Friday, May
1, at International Labor Hall, 538
Wells street.
o o
Of all the woman more than 20
years of age in. England, one in every
eight is a widow.
l-gKi, a,&&SiitJru: ..

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