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. FORBID AN ATROCITY LIKE CHILD LABOR, SAYS JANE ADDAMS Editor's Note. In an article in The Day Book Prof. Rock Sleyster gave the amazing results of an investigation of 269 murders in the United States. He showed that of 69-jjiurderers whose lives he had investigated, over 90 per cent had been compelled to go to work before they were 15 and that 55' per cent were child slaves before they were 12. . Here is an answer to the question: Why is the mUrder rate so high in the United States? , In the following article Jane Addams, the leader of Hull House and fa mous advocate of social justice sums, up the child slave situation today. . - AN AUTHORIZED STATEMENT BY JANE ADAMS ' There is a bill awaiting passage in Congress that should become a fed eral law. It is the Palmer Child Labor Bill and it seeks to end this abuse by plac ing it under the t jurisdiction of the government. Manufacturers and the agents of manufacturers who depend for the making of their products on child labor, are fighting the bill, struggling against its passage with all the resources at their disposal, failing to reco'g nize that the regulation and the abolishment of child labor will add to the value of their products and increase their market possibilities because of this added value. " The Palmer Bill is drawn on the general lines of the Pure Food Law and seeks to prohibit the employment of children under 14 yeaA in manu facturing occupations and to limit the work of children -under 16 to 8 hours a day. The penalties imposed for the breaking of the law are fines and the Secretary of Commerce,, the Secre tary of Labor and the Attorney Gen eral constitute a permanent board on rules and regulations and the Sec retary of Labor is authorized to in spect and prosecute for violations. The law also provides that state fac tory inspectors, truant officers "or any other person" may bring com plaints before the United States Dis trict Attorneys and every separate shipment is made to constitute a sep arate offence. There is nothing new in the body of the proposed law except that it puts child labor under the jurisdic tion of the federal government. Child labor presents an economic problem that is intertwined with the other problems of our communities. It is caused by sheer poverty of par ents, by the ambition of parents and by the ignorance of parents -as well as by the Law of Market which de mands that a product be turned out at the least possible cost to sell at the highest possible price. Then, too, the schools are some times to blame. The children often prefer working to spending their time in school. The parents 'among the poor, es pecially those of foreigh birth, have worked in their childhood at seasonal occupations, tilling the soil, planting the crops and reaping the harvest. They cannot understand why their children should not work also and they send them to labor in factories, in mills, in mines and in quarries where the close confinement and the wracking work results in a break down of health and spirits, in prema ture senility. In the South, whole families ot "poor whites" settle in the manufac turing towns and live on the labor of their children. Among this class are the "dinner toters," fathers who bring the midday meal to their chil- Um -1 svi-flft!