OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, August 08, 1914, LAST EDITION, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-08-08/ed-1/seq-10/

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Details of a "melon trust" are
about to be brought to light as a re
sult of the indictment of twenty
eight men andfievenfirms oc corpora
tions by' the federal grand jury yes
terday. They will be prosecuted un
der the Sherman anti-trust law.
The government attorneys contend
that the Western Cantaloupe Ex
change, which the indicted men or
ganized. In 1912, not only regulated
the sale and prices of the fruit, but
at times allowed it to rot on the
vines to keep prices up. The exchange
is said to have controlled seventy-five
per cent of the melon -business in the
The indictments are in eight
counts. The first three deal with the
organization of the "Western Canta
loupe. Exchange, the fouVth concern
nig agreements between shippers and
commission houses, the fifth and
sixth charge conspiracy in restraint
of trade, and the seventh and eighth
charge mono-poly.
The twenty-eight indicted are from
all parts of the country. The Chica
goans are: Prank E. and William L.
Wagner of G. M. H, Wagner & Sons,
Charles H. and Charles A. Weaver, L.
Bernard, William P. Morpf and Ira
Dodge Hale, all identified with the
C. H. Weaver & Co.
One of the comedy features of the
awful European drama Is found in the
absurd position of the Italian, navy,
one of the finest and best equipped
in the world.
With the outbreak of hostilities
Italy promptly declared neutrality,
but even if forced to come to Ger
many's aid her navy would be of no
use for- she has "no coal excepting
what she gets from England, there
being no mines in the peninsula.
England will scarcely furnish coal
to a German ally and so Italy's beau
tiful navy will probably be used for
the "movies."
o o
"The courts have not helped us In
our fight for better working condi
tions and a living wage," said Miss
Elizabeth Maloney, for ten years the
business agent of the waitresses'
union, to a Day Book reporter yester
day. "A judge may tell us that we
can picket, but when we do the police
arrest and hold us. In our seven
months' strike we have had as high
as 222 girls under arrest at one time.
Some of the cases have been pending
for months and yet only 22 have
been tried and all were discharged"."
Urging a minimum wage law, "with
a strong union to enforqe all labor
legislation, Miss Maloney told of the
terrible conditions under which the
girls work in some of the best hotels
in the city. She told of office girls
and saleswomen who had to become
waitresses to get enough to eat, of
waitresses who pad to swallow in
sults and are "lost" because of the
"necessity" to get tips to eke out a
scant living.
"We are entitled to a living wage,
and that doea not mean just enough
to eat and place to sleep, but some
of the comforts-of life," said Miss Ma
loney. "We want only our share of
what we earn. When we strike, we
strike at the profits of the boss, for
that is the only way to win. In indus
try needs us let industry, give us a
chance to live.
"The law must place a minimum g
wage and we must have a union to "
enforce the laws. Labor laws don't
mean much when a single worker has
to enforce them. It takes a union.
Every step in advance we have made
we got first by organization and. then '
b ylegislatlon.
"Girls haye been bruised, some
beaten and all insulted by police who
get a turkey at Christmas or a free

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