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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, November 02, 1914, LAST EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-11-02/ed-1/seq-2/

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.and consequently does her own
laundry and sewing in her spare
Though Croft was over the girl,
according to her story, a man is a
regular king fish of the department
acted as chief speeder-up. HiBvname
is Swalleich and he spends his time
going around telling the girls that
the "work must" all be gotten out to
day, etc."
"There wasn't anything perma
nent about the position," the girl
told a Day Book reporter. "For in
stance, twenty-five girls were hired
two weeks ago. They were speeded
up until the work was finished, then
laid off on Wednesday and told to
come back Monday morning. They
came back, were speeded up again
and laid off Monday noon.
"They told me if I would work
hard they would raise my wages, but
the harder you worked the quicker
you put yourself out of a job be
cause they didn't keep you only
when they had plenty of work.
"I had often worked overtime in
the evening and had been told sev
eral times we would have to work
Saturday afternoon, but it did not
happen during my time until last
"In the morning Swalleich told us
that the work we were on had to go
out that day and We would have to
work all day to get it finished, but
if we got it finished by noon we
could quit.
"We speeded Up and we finished
it before 1 o'clock, when, to my sur
prise, we were given a fresh batch
of work and informed we would
have to work all afternoon.
"Five girls and myself decided we
would not work unless we were paid
overtime and we went home at 1
"Monday I went to work. They
paid us every two weeks and Mon
day was payday. I was informed
by Mr. Croft that on Swalleich's
orders the six girls who went home j
Saturday afternoon were to
docked 50 cents.
'"I protested that they had neve
paid us for overtime and that I hafi
worked my full time.
"I got my pay and it -was shorl
50 cents. So was the pay of each. 6
the other six girls. Four of then
determined to see it through. Twc
resolved that it Was better to lose
the 50 cents than to lose work, even!
though they knew they might lose!
out in a week anyway?
"I went to Mr. Swalleich. I toldj
him that 50 cents meant my week's
carfare. I told him that he knew I
was a very fast worker and that Mr.
Croft had said I was one of the best
workers and I didn't think I, should
be docked when I had worked a full
"He said I was paid by the day, not
the week, and I reminded" him that
they paid me every two weeks and
not every day. Then he said I could
"either lose the 50 cents or quit, and
told me to see Mr. Croft.
"I had talked to Mr. Croft and been
referred to Mr. Swalleich, but I went
back to Mr. Croft While I was talk
ing to him he said: 'I want you to
leave this place; you are attracting
the attention of the other girls.' I
told him that if the other girls could
not understand the injustice of a big
concern hke Marshall Field deduct
ing 50 cents because girls wouldn't
work overtime their attention better
be attracted. He, said I was too rad
ical and referred me back to Mr.
"It was very late then, so I left,
and Tuesday I went,, to "the whole
sale department and, saw a Mr.
Gregg. -
"Mr. Gregg told me Iv was hired
by the day and not by the week. He
also told me I must accommodate my
employers. He called Mr. Swalleich
on the phone and Swalleich came
over to the wholesale and said he
had docked us the 50 cents.
"I told Mr. Gregg that to accom
modateia firm. by working, overtime

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