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The day book. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 10, 1915, NOON EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1915-04-10/ed-1/seq-2/

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work shorter hours than the women. Ably guided by Dudley Taylor in
regard to the much-vaunted welfare work that the bosses supply to take
the place of better-wages, Mrs. Potts
said there were eleven windows in
the suite occupied by-, the Jacques
company, so that the girls had lots
of fresh air.
Mrs. Potts grew very indignant
when V. A. Olander of the State Fed
eration of Labor asked her if she did
not think such long hours of labor
unfitted women for motherhood. She
did not think she should be compelled
to answer such an indelicate ques
tion and Taylor's objections saved
her the necessity. She admitted that
she had never even thought of such
an indelicate matter.
Minnie M. Walker, matron for a
year of the welfare work of the
Northwestern Elevated roads, told
without prompting how keen the
women ticket agents are that they
may be permitted to work ten hours
a day and what lovely jobs they have
which permit them to sew and read
i with the exception of a very short
while when they are ticket selling.
Under questioning from Agnes
Nestor of the Women's Trade Union
League, Mrs. Walker admitted that
loop ticket sellers only work 9 hours
a day because of the heavy work.
T. E. Donnelly, pres. R. R. Donnelly
Sons Co., printers, said that bindery
girls who work on piecework system
average only ?7 or $7.50 a week
throughout the year and to shorten
their hours would shorten their pay.
His idea of the perfectly proper pro
cedure was to let the girls work as
many nights as necessary and then
some time when there wasn't much
for them to do they could get off a
few hours in the daytime, which
would be at their own expense and
vould not inconvenience the bosses.
He had interviewed many bindery
girls and found them all clamoring
for the right to work long hours.
He admitted in response to Mr.
dander's query that he was ignorant
on the subject of the effect of long
think statistics of infant mortality
taken from countries where shorter;
and longer hours of labor are re
quired should be introduced. He re
luctantly agreed that women are not
as capable of working continuously
as men.
He told of the employers' contri
butions to organized charity ancT of
the sacrifice of their capital tq keep
on the payroll employes for" whom
they had no work. He thought the
employers, if unhampered by legis
lation, would create an Eden for the
employes despite the wishes of the
workers to work night and day.
In response to a question put by
Rep. Hicks, Donnelly said no compar
ison should be made with New York,
where there is a 9-hour law, because
the sanitary conditions are so much
better here.
Just what a sinecure the girl has
whd works in a laundry was brought .
out by Otto Rice, sec'y and gen. mgr.
Quick Service Laundry Co., a mem
ber of the Lauijdrymen's Ass n of Illi
nois, which defeated and destroyed
the laundresses' union some years
ago.
He told how the servant in the
house gets up at 4 'in the morning,
does the washing and ironing and
then cleans the house, cooks the
meals and does other chores through
out the day, while all the laundress
has to do is to stand on her feet for
ten hours a day, and she may even
sit down occasionally if she desires,
as there is a standing rule that she
may so sit. His employes all crave
the privilege of continuing to work
10 hours.
Rice stated if there was any legis
lation is should be to put Chinamen
competitors out of business.
'Rep. Hicks said he had interviewed
one girl who worked in a laundry and
sne naa saia sne wouia Taxe a cut in
wages to get shorter hours, and Rice
f
a
m
hours on motherhood, but he did not I
iooked-his-am&zement.
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