one week earlier there would iave
been a death list that would have
shaken the indifference of the public
and of legislators,' 'said. Olander,
"It required the Iroquois fire to
wake Chicago to proper regulation of
theaters. It required crashing build
ings and many deaths to secure a
building department which has power
to suppress dangerous conditions."
The American Bureau of Shipping,
which calls itself the "American
Lloyds," is the only organization
which has studied and fixes a stan
dard of "stability," that is, whether a
boat is topheavy, like the Eastland.
Inspector Nicholas of the U. S.
Steamboat Service said the federal
government takes all its technical
standard on "stability' 'from this bu
reau. Nicholas produced a big gilt-
edged book gotten out by this bureau.
"This tells how to find out whether
a vessel is topheavy like the East
land?" asked the reporter.
"Yes," said Nicholas.
"Can you name any vessels running
out of Chicago to which these stan
dards have been applied by the bu
reau or by insurance companies or by
"The federal bureau has not ex
amined the hull of the Eastland or
any other vessel as td its stability.
That has been left entirely with the
"What insurance companies would
know about it?"
"Oh, there are many insurance
"Would you name two or three of
the best-posted ones we could go to
for information on stability. We want
to find out whether somebody or no
body has examined the Eastland as
to stability or topheaviness."
"Well, there's McDonald's, they
might know. I don't think of any
others just now."
"You are certain that you have no
record on this feature of the East
land?" "Yes, we are sure about that. Our
department inspects hulls and boil
ers. We have power to declare a ves
sel unseaworthy and forbid its oper
ation. But the single matter of sta
bility is entirely in the hands of the
American Bureau of Shipping or the
"Do you know whether insurance
companies have ever questioned the
stability tests of the shipowners' bu
reau?" "Not that I have heard of."
There are no officers or agents of
the American Bureau of Shipping in
Chicago, it was stated. Headquar
ters is in New York, with these of
ficers: A. A. Raven, president; D. B.
Dearborn, vice president; John W.
Cantillon, secretary; E. Piatt Strat
ton, supervisor; Walter Wood Par''
HOW THE WORLD WAR BEGAN
One year ago today Austrian gun
boats took up offensive positions in
front of Belgrade, Serbia.
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