Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
by the commission and on facts and findings secured by expert government
investigators. Authorities on economical and industrial conditions from
such universities as Chicago University, Johns Hopkins. Princeton, Har
vard, Yale and the universities of Wisconsin, California, Alabama and Colo
rado contributed to itT
The fight to choke off the Manley report split the commission into
three factions, and it is therefore expected that three "bobtailed" reports
plainly labeled partisan will also be forwarded to Congress. One will be
by the employers' representatives; one by Prof. Commons and Mrs. Har
riman, the neutrals, and one by the labor representatives with Chairman
The big fact, however, is that the Manley report in its entirety will
go to congress. Here are some of the big points, other than the reports on
general conditions in industry, which goes to congress in the Manley
Congress will be asked to summon Rockefeller, Jr., Mackenzie King
ana ivy Lee to appear and give testi
mony they refused before the indus
trial relations commission.
It points out the appalling menace
of "private armies" maintained by
huge corporations, and calls for suit
able legislation to abolish them.
It points conditions which can be
directly laid to the door of the
It declares that the Rockefeller
Foundation is supported by money
withheld from the workers and will
recommend legislation that will curb
or break it up.
Poverty, idleness, hunger, death
that is the lot of American labor!
The Manley report which the
United States industrial relations
commission has just ordered sub
mitted to congress, declares the fol
lowing to be the conditions of labor
and industry in America:
Of the millions and millions of
workingmen in this country, one
third are poverty-stricken.
Thirty-seven per cent of wives and
mothers of workingmen are forced
to do hard work themselves to help
keep the wolf from the door.
$500 per year is the income of half
of the wage-earning fathers.
Less than $15 per week is the
wages of two-thirds of the adult male
Nearly half the women workers
earn less than $6 per week.
Three or more persons occupy
every sleeping room in 37 per cent of
the workers' homes. "
Babies of the poor die three times
as fast as those of the rich.
Nearly 20 per cent of the school
children of this country are underfed
One' out of every twelve corpses'
in ftjew York is buried in the Potters'
Economic pressure forces two
thirds of all children to leave gram
mar school before graduating, and
only 10 per cent finish high school.
Farm tenancy is increasing at an
appalling rate. Landlordism is there
fore increasing at an appalling rate.
Workers in basic industries are out
of jobs one-fifth of the time.
There are 44 families with incomes
equal to the earnings of 100,000
The "rich," 2 per cent of the peo
ple, own 60 per cent of the wealth of
Sixty-five per cent own less than 5
Industrial conditions are responsi
ble for our biggest crime problems.
Labor and living conditions in this
country are such today that immi
grants only come from Italy, Russia,
Austria-Hungary and other "back-,
ward" nations of Europe.