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Newspaper Page Text
TMEXICAN LABOR PROTESTS AGAINST U. S.
. INTERVENTION, SAYS MEXICAN WORKMEN -
BY GILSON GARDNER
Washington, Aug. 14. "Interven
tion is not wanted by the laboring
people of Mexico!" "
This is the declaration of Col. Ed
mundp E. Martinez, accredited repre
sentative of the Mexican Federation
of Labor, who has just arrived in
Washington for a conference with
President Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor and to present
the Mexican labor cause to the ad
ministration in the hope that Pres
ident Wilson may be persuaded not
to use any form of armed interven
ti6n, but that he may recognize the
Carranza government and stop the
importation of arms to Villa, and, if
necessary, to all belligerents in Mex
ico. "Here is a photograph," said Mar
tinez, "which will show .you a labor
demonstration that recently took
place before the headquarters of Gen.
Carranza in Vera Cruz. The large
banner, which is conspicuous in the
picture, reads as follows: 'We are not
hungry, except for liberty. We know
how to work; we do not want arms.'
"The occasion for that demonstra
tion was the announcement that the
American Red Cross wished to enter
Mexico to feed the starving. The sto
ries of starvation are untrue. The
Mexican people are not starving. In
most of Mexico labor is going on and
conditions are, if not normal, far
from being what they are painted in
the United States. The evidences of
war are at the front on the firing line
only, and where the Carranza juris
diction extends the government is
well organized, labor has been en
couraged and the lands stolen from
the people have been returned to
"Here is a picture showing Gen. C.
Aguilar, his secretary and the Indians
near Vera Cruz."'
Col. Martinez believes Villa to be
now backed by Wall street and he
fears that Wall street is using pres
sure to affect the policies of the
"We know that Villa is being sub
sidized by Wall street," said Martinez.
"He is getting large sums of money
in return for concessions. He him
self has become a very wealthy man.
He is the owner of mining properties
and all manner of concessions. When
Villa started out we all had confi
dence in him, supposing he was a
friend of the common man and that
he would keep his promise to divide
the lands among the people.
"With the killing of Benton there
began the break between Villa and
Carranza, and apparently from -that
time on Villa has been degenerating.
He abandoned even the appearance
of loyalty to the popular cause and
was soon trafficking in concessions
and doing business with American
speculators after the fashion of Diaz
and Huerta. Now he is absolutely
out of the question so far as any pop
ular government is concerned.
"Under the Carranza government,
it may surprise some Americans to
know, that labor has been recognized
and the formation of labor unions not
only authorized, but encouraged.
There are labor organizations in
every state under the Carranza rule
and conditions as to hours of labor
and payment of wages have been
"Armed intervention is not the so
lution of the Mexican problem. It
would only result in armed resistance
by all Mexicans. No faction in Mex
ico will welcome armed intervention.
Recognition of the Carranza govern
ment and an embargo on arms going
to Villa would soon end the trouble in
In the use of automobiles per cap
ita, Iowa Is placed at the head of the s
list of states, having one car to every
twenty-one of its population,