OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, November 09, 1915, LAST EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1915-11-09/ed-1/seq-2/

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every citizen will now have the
chance of really helping in the en
forcement of the findings.
Even if congress pigeonholes the
report its findings will be kept con
stantly before the nation; a people's
lobby will be persistently at work to
enact legislation corrective of indus
trial abusas.
Frank P. Walsh is to be chairman
of the new commission, and among
other leading members are: Fred
erick C. Howe, United States com
missioner of immigration; Amos Pin
chot, progressive New York iawyer;
Bishop C. D. Williams of Detroit;
Austin Garretson, John B. Lennon
and James O'Connell, the three lahor
members of the former commission
on industrial relations; John P.
White, president of the United Mine
Workers of America; John Fitzpat
rick, president of the Chicago Feder
ation of Labor; Agnes Nestor, a Chi
cago woman, one of the most active
workers in the trade union move
ment. "When congress meets in Decem
ber," said Basil M. Manly, one of the
active workers in formation of this
new agency for industrial reform,
"the report of the industrial relations
commission will be laid before it and
the people of the nation will be offi
cially informed for the first time that
vast numbers of our workers receive
too low a wage to maintain decent
living conditions; that the employer
in unorganized industries is political
ly and socially an almost untram
meled dictator; and that only by or
ganization among themselves can the
wage earners rescue themselves from
their position of subserviency.
"But while our new committee be
lieves that any genuine, lasting im
provement must be achieved through
the collective action of the workers
themselves, we maintain that every
good citizen should aid in removing
governmental obstacles to the organ
ization of wasre earners, and should
lend his support to the trade union in 1
any struggle where the existence of
the un'on is at stake.
"For while we admit there are
sometimes mistaken policies and in
competent leaders in unionism, we
believe they are fostered by the situ
ation which makes the union fight
desperately for its very existence,
and they tend to disappear when the
union is strong and recognized and
able to perform its legitimate, useful
work of collective bargaining.
"Our work in brief and for its ac
complishment we hope for the co
operation of all progressive citizens
will be to insist that in every struggle
of labor for a just share in the profits
and control of industry, the side of
labor be fairly reported in the press;
that the police and courts act with
absolute impartiality, and that the
use of private gunmen be prohibited.
"And our aim will be to break
down the feudalistic power of the
corporations which control certain
industrial communities and to pro
tect the rights of those workers who
carry the message of organization to
the tyrannizprf laborers in such com
munities '
At the Throat of Privilege
This is what Frank P. Walsh pro
poses to do through the new Indus
trial relations committee things
which its predecessor, the industrial
relations commission, was only al
lowed to talk about
First Urge the printing and dis
tributions, free of charge, of the fa
mous reports of the commission on
industrial relations.
Second Fight in Washington for
the manufacture by the government
of all ships, munitions and military
supplies necessitated by a new pro
gram of preparedness..
Third Insist upon a healthy, well
organized, well paid industrial force
as a paramount factor in any pre
paredness plan.
Fourth Urge an inheritance tax,
such as outlined in the reports of the

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