OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 07, 1915, LAST EDITION, Image 9

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1915-12-07/ed-1/seq-9/

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There are 8,000,000 women work
ing at gainful occupations in the
United States today, though less than
half a century ago the woman who
went out to work for wages was os
tracized as a creature with unwom
anly ideas.
The invasion of the industrial
world by women has been gradual.
It has not yet been taken seriously
by men. Employers feel that woman
labor is transient, a makeshift un
til the girl gets married and retires
into the home. Men who work beside
and in competition with women have
not yet adjusted themselves to the
idea that women have come to stay,
but look forward to a day when wom
en will retire into the homes and rock
the cradle.
Yet so quietly has been the inva
sion that in one craft previously en
tirely controlled by men a play has
been based on the male who still re
mains a stenographer in a field al
most entirely covered by women.
Miss Agnes Nestor, pres. the Wom
en's Trade Union league, and a mem
ber of the national industrial com
mission appointed by President Wil
son, takes the stand that men have
just as firmly invaded the field orig
inally controlled by women and
points to men cooks and bakers and
waiters. , - -ftgj
"Can there be any doubt that wom
en have invaded the industrial world
to stay?" she asked when questioned
by a Day Book reporter. "They most
assuredly must stay unless there is
some radical change in economic
conditions we cannot foresee.
"It hasn't been a whim that drove
woman into the industries. She was
forced there not only because it be
came necessary that she help out the
family exchequer and statistics
show that 20 per cent of the women
in factories are women who contri
bute to the upkeep of the family
but her work has been taken from
her in the home.
"Baking is now done in immense
bakeries and men do the work. Spin
ning is done by machinery. Needle
work to a great extent is done by ma
chinery. There are factories in which
every article of wearing apparel is,
"Woman as well as man desires to
labor and must be employe'd, and
when the tasks are taken from the
home that she formerly did as her
part of the upkeep she must go out
and work where the work is.
"Not only is that true of the un
married woman, but it is true in
many cases of the married woman.
Many girls go to work with the idea
that they will remain only long
enough to marry. They marry, but
the man is unable to earn enough, to
support them both or to support chil
dren that come and the woman goes
back to work and it becomes a fam
ilypurse. "Of course, there are the women
who work to get rid of surplus energy
and who do not have to and who take
the places of women who are com
pelled to toil, but they are the tran
sient workers who work only in sea
sons or for a short time.
"The fact that woman recognizes
she is in the industrial world to stay
is evidenced by her desire for organ
ization. I just came back from Los
Angeles, where they have a splendid
organization of domestics. They are
organized not only to bring about de
sirable conditions under which to la
bor, but also that they may maintain
a social, business and commercial
club that women members may come
together as a body of people for the
purpose of expressing to the world
and for their own satisfaction some
thing which they could not each one
in their own lives express. They have
their own clubhouse, an employment
agency and get out a monthly maga
zine, . ?

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