OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 14, 1915, LAST EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1915-12-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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'ing manufacturers of Chicago pay
higher wages than any other market
in the United States." The informa
tion came in shape of a bulletin print
ed by the Chicago School of Civics
and Philanthropy months before the
present garment strike started. It
was written by Miss Edith Abbott
who says her sources of data are in
(1) Vols. II., V. and XXII. of the Re
port of the Commissioner of Labor
on the Condition of Woman and
IE Child Wage Earners in the United
I States, (2) the study of Working
F- TTnnra nf Waco orniinr TX7rmon In
Chicago in Bulletin 91 of the U. S.
Bureau of Labor, (3) the report on
Working Women in Factories, pub
lished in Illinois Bureau of Labor
Eight department stores and 70
men's ready-made clothing shops
turned their payrolls over to federal
investigators, Miss Abbott states, and
all women clothing workers were in
cluded in wage tables except home
finishers. And this is the way the
State street stores stand up against
the garment bosses:
"Percentages in the men's ready
made clothing industry are somewhat
lower than those found for the eight
retail stores; 29.5 per cent of the
women in the clothing trades earn
less than $5 a week, whereas in the
stores only 13.6 per cent were earn
ing less than $5 a week; in the cloth
ing trades 42 per cent were earning
less than $6, whereas in the stores
only 23.3 per cent were earning less
than $6; in the clothing trade again,
53.3 per cent, or more than one-half
of the women and girls employed,
were getting less than $7 a week,
while only 40 per cent were under
this wage in the department stores."
This is the only bulletin published
which makes a comparison of wom
en's low wage industries of Chicago.
"Special agents of the federal bu
reau of labor were successful in ob
taining from the payrolls of eight of
the leading department -stores the
yearly earnings of the 13,160 women 1
J and girls employed in them," it is
stated, and 'the average weekly
wage was obtained by dividing these
yearly earnings of the individual
women and girls by the number of
weeks they were employed in these
"The wage data pertaining to
women and girls employed in the
manufacture of men's ready-made
clothing represents the results of
an investigation of 70 clothing fac
tories in Chicago," it is also stated.
"While this was only 12.4 per cent
of the total number of such estab
lishments in the city (according to
the census of manufactures) , the es
tablishments investigated were large
and represented 37.4 per cent of the
women over 16 years of age em
ployed in the industry. It should also
be explained that these data are from
v-mployers' payrolls."
The Abt interview this morning
says "at a recent mass meeting the
pay envelopes of a few of our em
ployes were shown on a. screen, re
vealing the startling fact that in one
instance a young women received
only $2.32 for what was represented
as a week's work." Abt then backs
up his sarcasm of "a startling fact"
with a statement that this $2.32 a
week woman was kept on the payroll
partly as charity because the employ
ers wanted to help on the unem
ployed problem. Miss Grace Abbott,
the only person who has shown
wage pay envelopes through lantern
slides at mass meetings, said today:
"In every instance where I have
presented pay envelopes I have
shown hourly rate of pay, which is
better and clearer indication of an
employer's wage policy than weekly
pay. In the Grand theater mass
meeting I did quote from a labor bul
letin the fact that 17.1-"per cent of
clothing trade employes receive $4
a week. In each case where I dis
played a weekly pay envelope I also
gave the hourly rate. One was for a
corner maker named Franczek, who
received on Sept 10 $3.01 for 40
"Tfc. jSfc .
;. iii irmfMAiirHn-a.i.g-

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