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Newspaper Page Text
i fiscal year 1915 the roads earned
$163,000,000 less than in 1914, yet
by practicing true efficiency they ac
tually cut operating expenses by the
tremendous total -of ..$186,000,000,
thus showing really an increase in
Brandeis is one of those radicals
who think the function of railroads
and other utilities is as much to serve
the public as to serve private exploit
ers! And Brandeis was right on effi-
ciency. What if Brandeis should be
right in this, too.
More than half of this economy
was in transportation expenses, ac
cording to the Railway Age Gazette.
They were cut down 9 per cent per
nine, iuc cun-icutj uu uccu icauiseu
in part by the scientific loading of
trains, using larger cars, loading
more freight into each car and by
running more cars per train.
And now we come to the animus of
the thing. "Compared with this ac
tual accomplishment," says the Rail-1
way Ag& Gazette, "Louis D. Bran
deis' 'scientific management scheme
for saving the railroads a million dol
lars a day pales into insignificance."
"How about it?" I asked Brandeis.
"Weren't your efficiency 'schemes' of
"Why, yes," he answered. "Effi
ciency of this kind was only part of
what I advocated. The Railway Age
Gazette is right, however, in calling
attention to the results of the oper
ation of the railroads for the fiscal
year 1915 as being remarkable.
"To have reduced operating ex
penses $186,000,000 when gross
earnings fell off $163,000,000, show
ing an actual increase in net returns,
proves anew how 'necessity is the
mother of invention.' "
When the modest Brandeis had
said all he would, I went to a "neu
tral observer1' one of the keenest
in the country, Prof. Chas. Zueblin,
economist, sociologist, traveler and a
sturdy backer of the Brandeis effi
"Are the railroads practicing the
Brandeis scientific management?" I
"All over the country," he said.
"Brandeis is making them eat crow,
and oh, how they hate it!
"Brandeis himself referred chiefly
to the internal forms of efficiency.
He did not point out another phase,
whioh would mean the saving of an
other million a day. The engineer
ing problems, I mean. In Chicago a
solid square mile directly south of
the business district is taken up by
railroad yards and not more than a
fourth of it is needed. Chicago is a
flat city. You can enter it from al
most any direction. Yet these 29
railroads that come in actually cross
each other 239 times!
"In New York city they spent $200,
000,000 getting two railway stations
enough to put two railways across
"These are some of the engineer
ing mistakes which produce great in
efficiency in the operation of our rail-
roads, and which must still be cor