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The day book. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, January 25, 1916, NOON EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-01-25/ed-1/seq-2/

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High and increasing nervous ten
sion. Extraordinary increase in seden
tary work.
Hearty eating without exercise.
Increasing obesity, weak limbs,
soft muscles. --.
Noticeably low resisteiiee to dis
ease. Increase in early breaking down
of organs.
Increase in deaths from organic
Excessive life waste from germ dis
eases. Remarkably cancer mortality in
crease. Marked increase in diseased teeth
and poor vision.
Increase in suicides total of 15,
000 a year.
Harriet Vittum, Secretary Wom
an's City Club A Chicagoan told
that degeneracy is on the increase
and one cause, germ diseases, at once
reverts to our transportation. If we
wished purposely to spread human
germ diseases, could we devise a
more expeditious way than to pack
vast crowds of people in close con
tact, as we do in our surface and ele
vated cars during rush hours every
day of the week? And isn't it reason
able to suppose that if we improve
transportation we thereby reduce
germ diseases to a definite, reckon
able extent?
George Perkins, President Interna
tional Cigarmakers' Union We
found out long ago that the cigar
maker who had an eight-hour day
went outdoors and got more fresh
air into his system than the fellow
who had a 10-hour workday. With
the shortening workday there has
been a steady lessening of consump
tion in our membership. Statistical
tables show it beyond dispute. Long
working hours is the cause of several
Df the 20 national dangers.
Aid. William E. Rodriguez of Coun
cil Health Committee There are
plenty of cases known of men gone
Insane from worry of being out of I
work and hunting a job. Steps to-.
ward solving the unemployed prob
lem reduce insanity. Insane hospitals
of Illinois hold hundreds of victims
of speeding-up in factories, low
wages that were desperately short of
meeting household needs and our
chaotic industrial system which may
throw a -first-class workman out of
work suddenly and then worry him
out of his-right mind.
Oscar Nelson, State Factory In
spector All our inspectors are famil
iar with the factory where the em
ployer keeps just inside the laws pro
tecting workers, but wearing out
workers ruthlessly because there is
always more material on the labor
market. High speed of American fac
tory routine is proverbial. The world
over we are known for fast work.
Systems are organized in shops -where
work is passed along from
worker to worker, so that no man can
be slow and hold his job. If He's
slow he's spotted and out he goes.
This high speed is responsible for
some of our national degeneracy.
William D. Haywood, Secretary In
dustrial Workers of the World At
Youngstown the rioters broke into
stores and took clothing and food.
They needed what they took. I am
not surprised at scientists saying de
generacy is on the increase. Profits
come first with the average employ
er. Health of employes is the last
thought of most employers. When
the working class takes control of
workshops, work will be a pleasure
and health'will be the expected thing.
National daily sick list of 3,000,000
people and daily death list of 4,000
causes economic loss of $2,000,000,
000. Of American men between 18
and 60 now living, 9,000,000 'will die
of organic diseases. People dying
from blood vessel diseases, numbered
four times as many in the last census
as ten years before. Along with these
figures President Rittenhouse of
American Ass'n for the Advancement
of Science asks:
"Are we husky enough as a peo-

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