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plate" for country papers, or press
agent dope containing "heart inter est" stories about the candidate. Generally a little of each is done. The third big problem for th. na tional campaign manager is how to spend the campaign fund. Part goes for office rent, part for postage, part for railroad fare, part for hotel charges and part for paid writers and speakers. Then, if a Hanna is run ning the campaign and the fund is eight or nine millions, the surplus is spilled to local campaign committees to filter to local politicians and the country press. It was this spill-over that caused those charges of bribery and corruption in the McKinley Bryan campaign of 1896. No problem faced by the manager of a national campaign is more dif ficult than adjusting the national campaign to the local campaign. There are always factions in the party and the question arises at once which faction is to be recog nized and given the assistance which I such recognition carries. Often states are lost by a wrong decision on such a point. To get votes is an important thing in a preisdential campaign, but strangely enough, it is not all-important The man having the most votes is not necessarily elected. The candidate must get "electoral" votes. Each state has electoral votes in proportion to its population; big states like New York and Pennsyl vania having more than small states like Nevada and Utah. A bare majority carries a state and delivers all the staters electoral votes. So it is more important to get a bare majority in a state like New York than to get all the votes (popular) in half a -dozen states like Utah. It is a Droblem in strategy. With few exceptions presidential campaigns are won or lost quite re gardless of the activities of the cam paign manager. The McKinley cam paign was an exception. Hanna was an able organizer and knew where y and how to spend the huge fund he administered. And he knew how to lend himself to newspaper publicity and through the great dailies to help riiold public sentiment '"The outcome of the Wilson cam paign was not affected in any way by McCombs, his manager. It was pre destined' fronTthe moment the oppo sition party split. If the candidate fits to public sen timent, that candidate wins. The presidential drama is played to a hundred million people over a period of four years. The campaign period between June 7 and Nov. 9 merely raises the curtain and turns on the lights. o o EXPRESS CO. STRIKERS SEE VICTORY AHEAD With practically all the clerks em ployed by the various express com panies out on strike with the driv ers, the men see victory only a mat ter of a short time. Although the companies are boast ing that they are making a large number of deliveries every day. South Water street merchants are kicking over the amount of food stuffs they are getting and are still threatening to increase prices. Stokers employed by the Peoples Gas Light & Qpke Co. plant at Cros by and Roby streets are out on strike for better wages and union condi tions. The gas company has been given a detail of police by Chief Healey. Riots occurred in the tannery strike and added police protection was given the bosses. Three thou sand tannery workers are still on strike and holding firm. -- A conference' between representa tives of the Horseshoers' union and the bosses will be held this evening. The men want $5 a day and Satur day half holiday. o o N City collector refused to grant per mit for garage near Nettlehorst school. Too dangerous.