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The day book. [volume] (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, May 25, 1916, NOON EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-05-25/ed-1/seq-2/

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plate" for country papers, or press
agent dope containing "heart inter
est" stories about the candidate.
Generally a little of each is done.
The third big problem for th. na
tional campaign manager is how to
spend the campaign fund. Part goes
for office rent, part for postage, part
for railroad fare, part for hotel
charges and part for paid writers and
speakers. Then, if a Hanna is run
ning the campaign and the fund is
eight or nine millions, the surplus is
spilled to local campaign committees
to filter to local politicians and the
country press. It was this spill-over
that caused those charges of bribery
and corruption in the McKinley
Bryan campaign of 1896.
No problem faced by the manager
of a national campaign is more dif
ficult than adjusting the national
campaign to the local campaign.
There are always factions in the
party and the question arises at
once which faction is to be recog
nized and given the assistance which I
such recognition carries. Often
states are lost by a wrong decision
on such a point.
To get votes is an important thing
in a preisdential campaign, but
strangely enough, it is not all-important
The man having the most
votes is not necessarily elected. The
candidate must get "electoral"
votes. Each state has electoral votes
in proportion to its population; big
states like New York and Pennsyl
vania having more than small states
like Nevada and Utah.
A bare majority carries a state and
delivers all the staters electoral votes.
So it is more important to get a bare
majority in a state like New York
than to get all the votes (popular) in
half a -dozen states like Utah. It is
a Droblem in strategy.
With few exceptions presidential
campaigns are won or lost quite re
gardless of the activities of the cam
paign manager. The McKinley cam
paign was an exception. Hanna was
an able organizer and knew where y
and how to spend the huge fund he
administered. And he knew how to
lend himself to newspaper publicity
and through the great dailies to help
riiold public sentiment
'"The outcome of the Wilson cam
paign was not affected in any way by
McCombs, his manager. It was pre
destined' fronTthe moment the oppo
sition party split.
If the candidate fits to public sen
timent, that candidate wins. The
presidential drama is played to a
hundred million people over a period
of four years. The campaign period
between June 7 and Nov. 9 merely
raises the curtain and turns on the
o o
With practically all the clerks em
ployed by the various express com
panies out on strike with the driv
ers, the men see victory only a mat
ter of a short time.
Although the companies are boast
ing that they are making a large
number of deliveries every day.
South Water street merchants are
kicking over the amount of food
stuffs they are getting and are still
threatening to increase prices.
Stokers employed by the Peoples
Gas Light & Qpke Co. plant at Cros
by and Roby streets are out on strike
for better wages and union condi
tions. The gas company has been
given a detail of police by Chief
Riots occurred in the tannery
strike and added police protection
was given the bosses. Three thou
sand tannery workers are still on
strike and holding firm.
-- A conference' between representa
tives of the Horseshoers' union and
the bosses will be held this evening.
The men want $5 a day and Satur
day half holiday.
o o N
City collector refused to grant per
mit for garage near Nettlehorst
school. Too dangerous.

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