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Newspaper Page Text
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DUTCH WORKERS FEEL PINCH OF WAR LIVING
COST UP, WAGES STATIONARY
BY CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL
The Hague, Holland, Aug. 1. In
the North Sea about 40 miles off the
Dutch port of Flushing is a lightship
called the North Hinder. If you go
that way now you will see always
standing by it a vessel of the Dutch
What for? Why, to pick up the
survivors of peaceful merchant ships
and harmless fishing boats that will
be blown up by submarines or mines
in the neighborhood.
. North Hinder the place is a ship's
graveyard. It has figured more in
dispatches about sunken ships in this
war than any other spot in all the
seas, for the floor of the ocean there
about is paved with wrecks of neu
tral vessels, large and small, mostly
sunk with their crews.
The war is full of mad monstrosi
ties, but this is one of the worst
Combatants mangle and kill one an
other, give and take, for that is the
deviliish game, but there is no sense
"in the riot of wanton destruction that
has piled up the death lists and
spread loss and misery in countries
like Holland that have nothing on
earth to do with it all!
One of the most extraordinary
spectacles ever known in the affairs
of men was the Holland-Belgium
frontier after the fall of Antwerp.
Day and night the roads were
ceaselessly pouring over the border,
some in wagons, carriages, carts,
wheelbarrows and automobiles; most
of them on foot, penniless and starv
ing, .crying for bread and water,
1,500,000 of them all told.
Such a strain upon all the resourc
es of its benevolence no country ever
had suddenly thrust upon it. Holland
was already caring for 200,000 Bel
gian refugees. In 48 hours she was
called upon to feed and shelter
enough more of these to equal one
fourth of her own population.
It is a tremendous strategic game
in which she is being batted about.
Prom the beginning of the war
Germany wanted Holland for the
sake of the Dutch ports from which
to attack England; also for the
mouths of the Rhine, which she has
coveted for many years and always
expeoted to get
On the other hand, Holland would
be of inestimable value to the allies,
because she would afford an open
door through which they could hit
Germany a deadly blow in the back.
To keep going in the midst of this
wild clash of opposing forces and of
all the other troubles is as hard a job
as government ever knew.
Germany says, "Do this or we
choke you by shutting off a great
part of your coal supply."
England says, "Do this or we shut
off the rest"
To meet the perplexing situation
the Dutoh government has been
compelled to carry to unheard-of
lengths- the doctrine and practice of
It organized the Holland Overseas
Trust, which has taken control of
the entire ocean-born foreign com
merce of the country in about the
way the British government took
over the British railroads.
A few days ago it practically took
over the potato business. All pota-
jammed with the stream of fugitives -I toes must be sold in the open market
under government direction. Thirty
per cent of them the government
lays aside for home consumption.
Of what is left 25 per cent is allotted
to Great Britain. If the price ob
tained for these is less than the open
market price the difference is to be
made up .later to the producer.
The rest is sold in the market all
futures and speculation being
knocked out by a rule that there
must be actual spot delivery of all
A clever Canadian has worked out
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