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something pathetic about a turner entertainment I attended on the North
Side last winter. It was shortly after you had ordered the saloona closed
on Sunday, and a masquerade ball was the last one before that saloon and
hall went out of business. There were. fathers and mothers, their married
children and their children's" children just as clean and respectably men,
women and children as there are in Chicago dancing, eating, drinking Hlod
ately and having a good time generally. History had been made in that
place, but it was going out of business because of the Sunday closing
order. But the tough Joints, Bill the ones where ' respectable citizens
won't take their families they are still running. They find other and less
wholesome ways of making money.
before the brewery consolidations a few years ago, when there" was
keen rivalry between the breweries for business, saloons multiplied and
saloon competition became so keen that it was difficult for a saloonkeeper
to run an old-fashioned saloon and make money. The free lunch grew,
then music became an added attraction and everything was done that in
genuity suggested to draw trade.
After the brewery mergers there was some less competition, but the
brewery ownership of saloons grew and many saloonkeepers became in
effect merely the exploited hirelings of the brewers. By owning the saloon
proDerty or controlling the leasehold, brewers were in position to force the
sale' of their own beer on draft and to dictate the price the saloonkeeper
should pay for it. Independent saloonkeepers became fewer and fewer.
And the more the brewer exacted the more the saloonkeeper was put to
it to find ways to draw trade. Many of the evils of the mojlern saloon
resulted including the 26 dice game, girls to stimulate trade, girls to sing
and dance, eta Practically all of the brewers got rich, but mighty few
of the saloonkeepers.
Harrison lost popularity when he abandoned the policy of his father
and began to heed the demand of the reformers. "When he ordered the 26
dice game out of the saloons and cigar stands he cut down one way for
the saloonkeeper to make money. And he didn't make a hit with the
boobs who played the game, and by playing it Sought more booze and
cigars than they really wanted.
Cutting out dancing m the downtown restaurants made the owners
sore, and didn't tickle the dancers to death. You see the saloon and res
taurant keepers had got their business adjusted to these stimulators
vand to lose them hit their pocketbooks.
The harder the brewer and politician made it for the saloonkeeper,
the more he was tempted to buy the cheap, rot-gut whisky of the cheaper
rectifiers and blenders and the more poison1' their customers poured into
Any doctor will tell you that the very worst feature in the cheaper
modern saloon is the vile stuff that is set out on the bar as whisky, brandy,
wine and other liquors and the mixed drinks made up from the "cooking"
In the meantime, the brewers were recognized as eminently respectable
citizens, whose wealth bought the way of their families into respectable
society. This was true to some extent of the booze dealer who was
getting his. The saloonkeeper was the goat, and not only had to shoulder
all of the shame of the business, but take the short end of the profit.