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and roars of "Wimmens' place is the
If they were to speak at street
meetings now they might get the
brick ends, the vegetables and the
other relics, but even a London mob
couldn't repeat that old fake about
It ISN'T the home any more. It's
the machine shop, the plow handle
and the railroad yard.
Last week through these streets
there was a parade or women war
workers, and the best informed man
that looked upon it was astounded,
inroads of women in industry had
gone so much further than he had
imagined. He blinked and started
when he saw the floats from the ma
chine shops, and gasped at sight of a
brigade of stalwart and trousered
Amazons from the gas works, each
with her coal shovel on her shoulder.
Women are shoveling malt in the
malt houses, cleaning and hostlering
Iocom2tive engines, operating heavy
and complicated drills, lathes and
metal machines in the shops, work
ing as porters, coachwomen, hay
makers and bank clerks.
In strictly industrial occupations,
aside from the munition plants, 292,
000 women have taken jobs usually
regarded as exclusively for men,
jobs like wiredrawing, iron and steel
working, tin plate making, cutlery
and manual work on automobiles,
carriages, ships and tools. More than
2,000 have gone to work about coal
mines and 100 in quarries.
Up to July 1, outside of the muni
tion shops, 638,000 women had en
tered industrial pursuits. In the same
time the munition shops had taken
on 519,000 women. This is a total
of 1,157,000 women at work for
wages in Great Britain that were not
so at work Aug. 4, 1914.
For what kind of wages? That is
the first great point
WelL at wages distinctly LESS
In France women that take men's
jobs usually get men's pay; but not
When the government began to
employ women in the munition shops
it announced a minimum wage for
them of $5.25 a week. For various
reasons it hasn't been able to stick
to this, but still, as a rule, it does
better than private employers.
Private employers are paying
women $3.25 to ?5 a week in jobs
where men used to get $5 to $7 a
Generally speaking, women are
getting about 72 per cent of the
wages FORMERLY paid to men
(not the wages men get now).
How do women pan out as work
ers? That's the next great point.
We have official testimony about
it the report of the chief factory
inpsector, no less and it says:
"Revelation of their own hitherto
unsuspected and undeveloped capac
ity has undoubtedly come as a sur
prise to many women engaged in un
familiar -war work. They have
learned they are capable of better
So has the rest of the nation!
Brethren, all this means big
changes, as sure as you live. These
women are rocking the boat.
For instance, women workers do
British trade unions have made
restriction of output their long-settled,
unchangeable policy "so much,
a day and no more."
Women work for less than men,
they are at least as efficient as men,
and 1,157,000 of them are now filling
Will you get them out when the'
war is over?
If you don't you will surely have
a vast army of unemployed men.
If you do, you will have the em
ployers on your neck. They will have
plenty of trouble without any in
creased wage bill.
If you don't, millions 'of workers'"
households, now for the first time