OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, November 10, 1916, LAST EDITION, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-11-10/ed-1/seq-7/

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Washington, Nov. 10. "The high
cost of living is a result of just TWO
factors. One is our departure from
the simple life, and the other is the
machination of those who control the
supplies we need!" declares Dr. Har
vey W: Wiley, famous pure food ex
pert and former chief of the bureau
of chemistry of the United States ag
ricultural department, in discussing
today the- phenomenal skyrocketing
of the" prices of the necessities of life.
Dr. Wiley said that there is an in
dividual and a social problem in
volved. "Fashion is one of the principal
factors in high cost of living," he
said. "A man's clothing will wear
him a year; a woman's clothing must
be changed three or four times a
year to meet the changing fashion,
and as men pay the bills the high
cost of clothing hits everybody.
"In the same way instead of buying
bulk we insist on buying brands when
we buy food. If we would stop buy
ing labels and buy FOOD we would
notice a difference!
"We pay for a little package of bis
cuits holding four ounces a price of
ten cents, which makes 40 cents a
pound for wheat!
"And, besides, the city man can't
get whole flour wheat; fashion has
decreed that nothing but white flour
is sold in our grocery stores.
"If families Would combine to buy
whole wheat and whole corn and buy
potatoes by the barrel and other
foods the same way in quantities
and a company of families can easily
do this, it would help largely to solve
the problem."
Ir. Wiley says undoubtedly the
European war, combined with a short
crop, is responsible for the high price
of flour, wheat and bran.
"The only remedy for this," he
says, "is peace in Europe and anoth
er crop of wheat
"But the European war is not re
sponsible for the high cost of meat.
The cattle-raisers are getting the
lowest prices that they have received
in 40 years for their cattle. And yet
all meats are higher in price to con
sumers. This is a PURE MANIPU
LATION of the market, and we can
do nothing about itso long as we per
mit the beef barons to hold us by the
"This is the great economic prob
lem of the future for the United
States government, which should
handle it as a social problem solely
for the public benefit, as we have -the
problem of child labor, the eight-hour
work law and as we will handle min
imum wage legislation. In other
words, our governmental agencies
must be so organized that they, will
look after the interests of ALL THE
PEOPLE rather than for the interest
of a group. s
"Do J-otI remember how the mayor
of Indianapolis some years ago pur
chased ' carloads of potatoes at
wholesale and sold them to the people-at
actual cost?
"Why should not all our cities do
the same thing? Why shouldn't our
cities go into the milk business and
supply their people with clean, pure
milk at actual cost, eliminating the
duplication and overlapping that ne
cessarily takes place where a dozen
distributors try to serve the city? We
supply our people with water, why
not with milk?
"Figures I have collected show that
the city can pasteurize, bottle, cool
and deliver milk at three cents a
quart! Therefore they can afford to
pay the farmer seven cents a qukrt
and still sell to the consumer at 10
"The high cost of living is an in
dividual and a social problem. Indi
viduals and communities must solva
it, each in .their respective fields.'"

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