OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 05, 1916, LAST EDITION, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-12-05/ed-1/seq-4/

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Washington, Dec. 5. Declaring
the country "cannot and shoyld not
consent to remain any lodger expos
ed to profound industrial disturb
ances," President Wilson appeared
before a joint session of congress to
day and appealed for immediate
action on his program of "settlement
and regulation of. difficulties" be
tween the railroads and their train
Statement of the need of such leg
islation occupied the bulk of his an
nual message, the shortest one he
has delivered. It recommended pas
sage of the provisions included, but
not acted upon in his last special ap
peal last August
The thrill and dramatic tension so
noticeable in the president's three
previous visits to the 64th congress
were lacking today.
Although both branches of con
gress are seething over the high cost
of living problem and interest in this
has overshadowed all other proposed
action, the president made no refer
ence to it today. He is receiving re
ports from different executive.depart
ments, however, in an effort to devise
the best possible plan for the curbing
of soaring prices.
It is believed the president will
either deliver a special message on
the question later or take it up per
sonally with the House and Senate
leaders when a plan he deems feas
ible has been found.
o o
"Consideration and action should
be accorded the remaining measures
of the program of settlement and
regulation which I had occasion to
recommend to you at the close of
your last session in view of the public
dangers disclosed by the unaccom
modated difficulties which then exist
ed, and whjch still unhappily con
tinue to exist, between the railroads
of the country and their locomotive
engineers, conductors and train
men." "I recommend" immediate enlarge
ment and administrative reorganiza
tion of the interstate commef ce com
mission." "I recommend explicit approval by
congress of the consideration by the
interstate commerce commission of fj
an increase of freight rates to meet 1 J
such additional expenditures by the
railroads as may have been rendered
necessary by the adoption of the
eight-hour day. should the
facts disclosed justify the increase."
Executive 'power to control and;
operate the railways "when neces
sary in time of war or other public"
necessity" is asked.' v
"The country cannot and should
not consent to remain any longer ex- t
posed to profound industrial disturb
ances for lack 'of additional means of
arbitration and conciliation which
congress 'can easily and promptly
supply." '
"I would hesitate to recommend
that any man in any occu
pation should be obliged by law to
continue in an employment which he
desired to leave. To pass a law which
forbade or prevented the individual
workman to leave his work before .
receiving the approval of society in
doing scr would be to adopt a new
principle into our jurisprudence ,
which I take it for granted-we are.
not prepared to introduce."
"But the proposal that the opera
tion of tne railways of the country
shall not be stopped or interrupted
by the concerted action of organized
bodies of men until a public investi
gation shall - have been instituted
which shall make the whole question
at issue plain for the judgment of L
the opinion of the" nation is not to
nropose any such principle. It is ,
based upon the very different prin- x
ciple that the concerted action of
powerful bodies of men' shall not be
permitted to stop the industrial pro-'
cesses of the nation, at any rate be
J. S

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