OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 09, 1916, LAST EDITION, Image 12

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1916-12-09/ed-1/seq-12/

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ury, or an absolute essential, accord
ing to one's point of view '
It is a bag .of rose pink chiffon
shirred to a silk covered hdop. The
latter is wreathed with tiny ribbon
blossoms, s
The powder balls are delicately
scanted and tied with minute pink
bows. Silver or gold net is used fpr
very elaborate bags, such, as a host
ess would wish to display the day
she entertains her bridge club.
A yardmaster from Buffalo testi
fied the oher day before a board of
arbitration which is considering the
switchmen's demand for an 8-hour
workday, that the 8-hour day will
simply "make more drunks."
"I have considerable trouble now
because the meit spend, their time in
saloons," he told the arbitrators. And
ha thereby gave away his case.
What is it that, drives a working
man into the saloon? Mostly over
fatigue too many hours spent on a
. nerve-strainingtjjob!
If the Buffalo yardmaster will pay
a visit to the Lackawanna steel plant,
just on the edge of the city in which
he lives, he will find an industry that
employs its men 12 hours a day and
which recently asked the N.ew York
state industrial com'n to legalize its
unlawful practice of working these
men seven days a week.
Just outside one of the main en
trances of this plant there are 20
saloons, patronized exclusively by
exhausted steel workers who feel the
need of artificial stimulant at the end
of their shift and who crowd about
the bars of these saloons five deep,
impatient for a drink.
In Lackawanna-itself there is one
saloon for about every 90 men, wom
en and children. Apparently the
LONG hours worked by these men do
not keep them OUT of the saloon.
A recent sutdy of how-wortting-men
spend their spare time showed
that those who work the LONGEST
hourjS spend ,"MOST time in the sa
loon. -
One of the most conspicuous illus
trations of the sobering effect of the
8-hour day is the case of the print
ers. When the printers of America
worked long hours they had the rep
utation of, being "boozers." Since
they succeeded in securing the short
er workday they not only lived down
this reputation, but they lowered
their death rates and improved their
general health conditions.
It may be true that if the switch
men ecure the 8-hour day there may
he a. tendency at the beginning to
spend some, of their newly gained
leisure time in getting drunk, but.
this apparently increased desire for
"booze" will soon disappear, because
the men will be living normal lives.
And normal living always de
creases immorality of every kind.
Therefore, -the fight for the shorter
workday is a. distinct moral issue.
Any industry which works men to
the limit of their endurance, causing
every nerve to cry out for artificial
stimulant, is worse than the saloon
itself. i
IJ it is worth while to fight the
saloon because of its bad influence,
it is equally important that other in
dustries which are -largely responsi
ble for the existence of the saloon'
should be fought with at least the
same vigor and by the same people,
-o 0
Washington. Second annual con
vention of- Woman's Peace party
opened by Jane Addams; called to
discuss rights of depressed and de
pendent nations.
Washington. Merchant ships
built in U. S. in 11 months of 1916
more than doubled tonaage of ships
built last year. To.tal of 1,115 ves
sels with tonnage of 521,71'L

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