OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, February 13, 1917, LAST EDITION, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1917-02-13/ed-1/seq-4/

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servative land owners, controlling
the food supply, and the equally pow
erful group of industrial leaders, con
trolling the munition manufacturers,
told the government the only way to
end the war was by unlimited sub
marine warfare. These interests have
always been anti-American.
The speech made by Imperial
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg
in the reichstag early in December
where he announced peace overtures
won over the Socialists to tfie sup
port of any course the chancellor
might advocate.
In the same way the kaiser's dub
marine blockade won over the food
producers and the group of industrial
leaders to a continuance of hostili
ties. The government's peace proposal
united the German'people. They be
lieve firmly tiey must fight on in
their Own defense. Everybody in
Germany is working' night and day.
The peace proposal, as well as to
President Wilson's suggestions, so
frightened Turkey that the Ottoman
empire will continue in the war just
so long as Germany defends Con
stantinople. Bulgaria is absolutely in the hands
of Field Marshal von Hindenburg.
Berne, Switzerland, Feb. 13. Ber
lin was astonished, officials and the
public alike, when President Wilson
broke relations with Germany. That
astonishment came because officials
had recently een assured by German-Americans
in the United States
that Wilson would not sever rela
tions for fear of a German-American
uprising. The same belief was held
by the German public.
When the American embassy train
left Berlin, the imperial chancellor,
von Bethmann-Hollweg, was admit
tedly downcast over the situation,
and believed America wanted war
with Germany. It was noticeable
also when Foreign Sec'y Zimmerman
received the American correspond
ents shortly before their departure he
was plainly nervous.
He likewise insisted "Wilson wants
war" and denied thut Germany made
any irrevocable promises in the Sus
sex rfote.
The submarine policy which forced
the break between the United States
and Germany dates back to Novem
ber. Writing now from neutral Swiss
soil, it is possible for the first time
to tell the developments which led
Germany to her decision of relent
less sea war.
Determination to use the subma
rine in unlimited warfare dates back
to November. It was then that Ger
many's internal affairs were at the
greatest crisis of the war. The So
cialists warned the kaiser that un
less he moved immediately for peace,
Dr. Philip Scheidemann (Socialist
leader in the reichstag) and other
Socialist leaders would head a mili
tant movement to bring about peace.
This move came at a time when the
German people were destitute and
Simultaneously the powerful con-
London, Feb. 13. Three Ameri
cans were included among 15 mem
bers of the crew of the steamer Sax
onian, sunk by a submarine February
8, landed today. W. E. Gard, one of
the Americans, was injured. The
others were Elwood Moore and John
The survivors declare the Saxon
ian was torpedoed on Wednesday
(February 7) and that the vessel's
crew of 38 left the sinking ship in
two boats. One of these boats was
afloat 15 hours before being picked
up and the other 68.
-. --i.

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