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MOTHERS CAN HELP HEAD OFF DIPHTHERIA AND SCARLET FEVER, IF THEY WILL The plague of diphtheria which settled over Chicago last month, cast the shadow of death on many homes and filled others with mental an guish until a dear one smiled in health again, has been broken. The city health department arose to the situation, mastered it, and, having forced out the bug that bores in your throat, is now out to slaugh ter its busy little brother that deliv ers scarlet fever into your home. But, though diphtheria is on the wane, it has not been entirely wiped out and a goodly number of new cases are still reported each day. Parents, says Health Com'r John Dill Robertson, should be just as cautious in the care of their children, just as suspicious of any throat infection as when the disease was more preva lent. "Vifew every sore throat with sus picion," said Dr. Robertson. "Diph theria starts as a sore throat, but the soreness is not as painful as in cases of tonsilitis or other throat infec tions. "If you or any of yours has a sore throat, DON'T DELAY! Print that "DON'T DELAY" in great, big capi tals, will you please? It's delay that permits contagions to kill. "If administered within 24 hours after the throat infection starts, an titoxin will cure any diphetheria case at once and absolutely. Antitoxin can be used successfully up until the third day, but after that it is gener ally useless. "You see the necessity for a quick and certain diagnosis of a sore throat. Mothers should look into the throats.of the children every morn ing. If they notice a patch on the throat, send for the doctor at once and make the doctor swab the throat for a laboratory test for germs. Add to the watchword "DON'T DELAY" this- "Make the doctor take a throat culture." No physician is good I T enough to tell diphtheria in its early stages every time he looks down an infected throat. "Antitoxin is furnished free by the city health department. Your doc tor knows this. He can get it or you can get it from us without a penny of charge. Those who can afford to pay for antitoxin can also get it at any drugstore. 'If we received proper co-operation from the families where there are cases we could practically wipe diph theria and scarlet fever off Chicago's slate. When they break minor rules of quarantine when nobody is look ing, they may spread the disease to some innocent one." There were 68 deaths from scarlet fever in January, as against 77 in 1915, the first year of Dr. Robertson's term as health commissioner, and more than half as many as in the year 1916. But in 1914 there were over 600 deaths from scarlet fever, and the average for the years 1912 and 1913 were nearly as great. o o "NEED WOMEN LEGISLATORS TO PROTECT UNWED MOTHERS" Mrs. Rachelle S. Yarros told the Chicago Equal Suffrage ass'n last night that the Illinois legislature needs a few women members very badly. They are needed mostly to formulate laws concerning sex mat ter, believes Dr. Yarros. Mrs. Jas. W. Morrison and Dr. Yarros both spoke in defense of the unwed moth- er and 'said we needed better laws to ' protect heV. o o WERtyER HITS CITY HALL CREW Aid. E. J. Werner, running for Re publican nomination in 3rd ward, says the Thompson-Lundin ma chine is fighting him through the candidacy of Frederick W. Patter son because he refused to go along with Bill Thompson and act accord ing to orders in the city council. o o Amelia Cesarz, 12, 648 Bickerdike, ran away lor second time this week.