Newspaper Page Text
THE DAILY ALASKA EMPIRE
“ALL THE NEW S ALL THE TIME” VOL. LXIV., NO. 9902 JUNEAU, ALASKA, TUESDAY. MARCH 6, 1945 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS PRICE TEN CENTS Russians Make Big Gains Toward Baltic Sea RED ARMY CLOSES IN ON STETTIN Naugard Reported Captur ed, Also Greifenhagen Taken by Soviets BULLETIN—LONDON, March 6.—Stalin announces the capture of Grudziadz, and the town has been cleared of the Germans in block to block fighting:. The cap ture of the town, 55 miles south of Danzig, clears the road for communications and feeding of troops with military require ments. LONDON, March 6.—The Russian troops are closing in on Stettin and have reached the Oder River near Greifenhagen, 11 miles south of the port, Moscow dispatches state. The Germans declared the Soviets have thrust to within 13 miles of Stettin and 35 miles of the U-boat base at Swinemuende. The Red Army artillery Is shelling Stettin port. The German communique says Marshal Zhukov's army is wheeling westward on a 40-mile front from Stargard to Greifenhagen, the latter town 14 miles from the Baltic coast. Naugard has been captured, the German Command states, and also says Zhukov's spearhead has been stopped northeast of Gollnow. The Berlin radio asserts Khukov has massed five infantry and two tank armies in the central sector for a push westward of Berlin. Zhukov’s and Rokossovsky’s arm ies seized a total of 230 towns and villages yesterday and gains aver aged 10 miles. NOMINATION OF VINSON OKEHED WASHINGTON, March 6— The President's nomination of Judge Fred Vinson, to be Federal Loan Ad ministrator, has been approved un animously by the Senate Banking Committee without any hearings. The Washington Merry-Go-Round By DREW PEARSON ILt. Col. Robert 8. Alien now on settee service with the Army.' WASHINGTON—President Roflse velt got back from his notable achievements at Yalta to find seri ous problems awaiting him at home, particularly on the labor front. Some of his advisers felt, however, that these problems, especially the coal crisis, could have been averted by beginning to prepare for it earlier and by appointing a new Secretary of Labor. The President left for Yalta al most immediately after his in auguration. And, up until a day or two before his inauguration, he had not made up his mind what to do about appointing a new Sec letary of Labor. In the end, he did nothing and Miss Perkins con tinued, despite her very firm desire to resign. Meanwhile, various moves could have been made to head off the coal crisis. One of them, discussed in the background but never brought forward, is an annual wage for miners. If the miners knew they would be able to work all the year around, especially in peace times when they have been laid off for about one-third of the time, they might forego’ wage in creases now. Another move, proposed back stage, was to appoint coal mine representatives on local O P A boards to make sure the cost of living did not go up, or if so, under circumstances they understood. But the most important move was to have appointed a new Secretary of Labor, with a new, fresh out look, untarnished prestige, who could have tackled the job first hand, and, if necessary, gone out to the mining areas to meet with (Continued on Page Pour) NOW THERE'S FUN IN BIUBID BORN BEHIND BARS, these innocents knew nothing but life in jail with their parents—till MacArthur’s men shattered the gates of Bilibid prison in Manila, and, liberating everybody, made fun with games like this in which little Konnie Barz wears the helmet of Pfc. H. C. Coxen of ! Marion, Ohio. Signal Corps photo. 'International Soundphoto) Target for Today I i 1 | HERE'S ONE of the prettiest targets , a bombardier or gunner ever drew ! a bead on. She's Ardis Sheffer, St. j Petersburg, Fla., who posed in this attractive fashion for returned ! combat fliers at the Don Ce-Sar | Convalescent Center. To tell the i truth, the boys twanged their bows I from one inch range to avoid injury . to their target. (International) 'CHURCHILL ON VISIT TO FRONT — ! LONDON, March 6— Prime Min ister Winston Churchill has re turned to London after a visit to jthe battle front, where he con ferred with Gen. Dwight D. Eisen jhower and Field Marshal Mont gomery, and covered a considerable 1 part of German territory in his | tour. | Churchill, with his chief mili tary adviser, Gen. Sir Hastings Is may, spent the weekend at Allied Headquarters with Eisenhower and Montgomery ‘'for the purpose of discussing with them 'and other j Allied Commanders a wide field of (military matters," the announce ment said. The Premier also visited troops of the First Canadian Army units and the United States Ninth Army taking part in the drive on the Rhine. BIG BLOW IWO JIMA Marines Are Preparing for Final Assault as Sup lies Landed BULLETIN — NEW YORK, March 6. — A Tokyo broadcast picked up here by the FCC de clares the American Marines on Iwo Jima “launched a violent attack on the Japanese lines and fighting has reached A most de cisive stage.” U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD QUARTERS, GUAM, March 6 — A clincher blow in the 16-day-old battle for little Iwo Jima, where, hundreds of Marines have died while killing more than 12,000 Japs, poised today while more power ( from supplies poured ashore on the east and west coasts. There were no appreciable changes in the lines yesterday as the Leathernecks, holding more than two-thirds of the island, built up positions for a grand-scale as sault on the defenses of the rocky north end. MARINES PRAISED WASHINGTON, March 6—James V.'ForreStal, Secretary of the Navy, who returned yesterday after a trip in the Pacific war zone, said the loss of Marine lives on the island, is not out of proportion to the importance of taking Iwo Jima, as' it is needed to put the American i fighter planes and Liberator bomb-; ers within range of Japan. Forrestal gave no figures on the | wounded and missing in the Iwoj Jima campaign, but praised the i three Marine Divisions. He said i the Japs on the island were much j stronger than was expected, and I made good use of their weapons. | STOCK QUOTATIONS NEW YORK, March 6 — Closing quotation of Alaska-Juneau Mine stock today is 7%, American Can 93:'i, Anaconda 34 %, Beech Air craft 12%, Bethlehem Steel 76‘4, Curtiss-Wright 6%, International Harvester 81>£, Kennecott 39*4, North American Aviation 11, New York Central 24%, Northern Pacific 227s, U. S. Steel 66H. Dow, Jones averages today are as follows: Industrials, 161.50; rails, 52.51; utilities. 28.38. BARANOF GUEST Jeannette T. Davenport, register ing from Anchorage, is a guest at the Barauof Hotel, GEMMILL TRIAL IS UNDERWAY Jury of Ten Men and Two Women Is Selected Testimony Starts SEATTLE, March 6— (Special to Empire) — The Lynn J. Gemmill trial opened at 10 a. m. today in the court of District Judge John C. Bowen. U. S. Prosecuting Attorney J. Charles Dennis and Defense At torney Will G. Beardslee selected a jury of 10 men and two women to hear the testimony, which starts this afternoon. Gemmill, United States Attorney for the First Division, Alaska, is charged with soliciting $3,000 and accepting $1,500 from Cleo Patricia Wilkins, one of the defendants in a larceny case pending in the District Court in Juneau. FBI agents who were connected with the arrest of Gemmill In a Seattle hotel room November 4 of last year, have resigned. United States Attorney Dennis asserted at the opening of the trial that Gemmill is charged with bribery, that he told Mrs. Wilkins he would recommend a suspended sentence in her grand larceny case if she would pay him $3,000. The conversation took place over four bottles of beer in Gemmils hotel room here last November. Dennis said Gemmill, former Wenatchee, Washington attorney, was indicted on charges of solicit ing a $3,000 bribe’ and accepting $1,500. Dennis, in relating the caf said in December, 1943, a trunk con taining money and jewelry was stolen from the owner of a house of ill-fame in Sitka, Alaska. Mrs. Wilkins was identified by Dennis as the woman employed in the house, and was subpoenaed last October to appear before a grand jury. She, another girl and two soldiers were indicted. Her bail was set at $3,000, which she deposited in cash. Dennis said the Government will prove that when she learned she had been indicted, she talked with Gemmill and he said he‘ would recommend a suspended sentence if she would testify against the others and she "would have nothing to worry about.” Subsequently, Dennis said, she came here and met Gemmill. She notified the Secret Service, who in turn notified the FBI agents and they were in a nearby room when the money transaction occurred. The FBI agents entered the room and arrested Gemmill. JAP LINES IN INDIA CUT NOW — Entire Enemy Position Is Threatened by Decisive Move of British By FRANK L. MARTIN (AP War Correspondent) CALCUTTA, March 6 — British armored units, cutting across the Irrawaddy River Valley in an 85 mile dash, have severed the main j Japanese land, air and water lines between Mandalay and Rangoon, and have seriously threatened the entire enemy position, Allied Head quarters said. With the aid of British air- j borne infantry flown in at the climax of the operation, the ar-. mored column seized the airdromes' intact, killed more than 1,600 Japs,: captured 40 guns and destroyed enough enemy supplies to feed a Japanese division for 10 days. Thej important communications center Of Meiktila, 70 miles south of Man dalay, was also captured. JAP PRISONERS AND DISLOYAL FILIPINOS INTERNED WITH PART OF THE BEAUTIFUL city of Manila still smouldering .and Jap and American soldiers fight-, ing in the streets, these* Japanese prisoners and Filipino collaborationists march through one of the ^main city streets to a stockade^under guard of UL S^soldiersj Signal Corps photo. (International) MINUS EVERYTHING-BUT HIS LIFE mi * ■ THE FIGHT FOR COMPLETE liberation in the Philippine capital city of ' , Manila continues as doughboys engage in house to house street fight- | , ing in their effort to push the Japs from the burning metropolis, j Above, one of the few Japs taken prisoner is escorted to jail where | h« will be Questioned by U S intelligence officers. <International) Rich Takes Hard Rap At Congressmen Who Change Record Talk By JACK STINNETT WASHINGTON, March 6.—When we finally get down to the business of “streamlining” Congress (if we ever do) give a hand to Rep. Robert; F. Rich, of Pennsylvania. Con-! gressman Rich would like to see the j Congressional Record, supposedly the j accurate report of everything that i goes on verbally in Congress be just j exactly that and nothing more. Few j people who see the Congressional1 Record ever realize it, but there of- | ten are occasions when the Record '■ is about as accurate as a kinder- ! gartner’s blueprint for a skyscraper. The reason is that somewhere along the line, members of Congress got in the habit of asking “unani- j mous consent to revise and extend i my remarks." Students of legislative I procedure say this was started as a! time-saver, so that colleagues of long-winded members who were j making speeches purely “for the j Record" could be spared some bore-j dom. Members discovered, however,' that they could virtually re-write their speeches. Rich says: I believe that when a' man stands on the floor of the; House the might have added that, the same thing is true in the Senate) | and makes a statement condemning | a 'measure as being unsound and un- , sensible, and then adds that he is going to vote for it, he should not be permitted to delete those remarks from the Record. "If we make an error, correct it, but I personally want my people to know just how I talk. I want them to know exactly how I feel about legislation." It may be appended right heie that Rich has about as much chance \ of getting his suggestion into the1 (Continued on Page Six) FOUR BLASTS SHAKE SHIP, VANCOUVER Several Believed Dead and Scores Injured Windows Broken VANCOUVER, B. C., March 6 — Several men are believed to have been killed and scores were injured at noon today when four heavy blasts shook a ship at the CPR docks near Vancouver's downtown district. The Vancouver Sun said it learn ed about 150 men were aboard the vessel, Greenhill Park, a 10,000-ton freighter, when the explosions »oc curred. About 45 minutes after the blast the ship, operated by the Do minion Government and owned by Park Steamship Ltd., was towed to Burradd Inlet. It was reported there were fears there might be other ex plosions if the flames reached other holgs. Michael Giraud, Canadian Press, reporter, said a guard told him | several men were still trapped in the vessel, including the chef and the; chief engineer. He added it is not known immediately how many are; still in the ship. The outlines of the freighter could be seen through the dense! smoke and haze. It is several hun- i dred yards out in the inlet. A small- I er vessel, possibly about 2,000 tons, j is burning nearby. It appeared it I is planned to let the smaller vessel j burn and sink. I The other, a 10,000 tonner, was, hauled into the inlet from the CPR docks and appeared out of danger. Hundreds of plate glass windows and thousands of office windows were* broken in the downtown busi ness section as the explosions rocked the central section of Vancouver about the time the streets began to gat crowded in the noon hour. Officials of the Canada Shipping | Company, agents for the vessel, I said it was not an ammunition ship. They did not know what caused the | blasts. FAIRBANKS MAN DIES SUDDENLY ON SEATTLE TRIP[ SEATTLE, March 6 — Peter S.; Malone, Fairbanks store owner,' aged about 50, collapsed and died! Monday a few blocks from the hotel at which he was a guest. Malone only arrived here Saturday j via Panair. The coroner said apparently Ma lone suffered a sudden heart at tack. FROM HOONAH M. Hegeberg, registering from Hoonah, is now at the Baranof. DEFENDERS OF COLOGNE FORCED BACK Three Other American Di visions Are Closing in on Rhine Areas BULLETIN — PARIS, March 6.—American forces fought their way through Cologne to the Rhine tonight and in the south the V. S. Third Army spurted 25 miles toward the Rhine in the Coblenz area. The American First Army tanks and troops fought their way past the the famous Cologne Cathedral. A front line dispatch tonight declared that "Cologne, to ail military purposes, has fallen." PARIS, March 6.—The American troops captured at least one-third of Cologne by mid - morning and forced the German oefenders back to the old city section around the heart of the devastated metropolis. Three divisions, the Thrd Armor ed, Eighth and 104th Infantry have reached Ringstrasse against surpris ingly little opposition. The Qermuu fought in what was | once the walled section of Cologne, by far the greatest traffic center in western Germany. To the north, Simpson’s Ninth Army wiped out all but one small pocket on the Rhine south of Dues seldorf, in the suburb of Neuss. The Canadians have driven into Wesel, a pocket farther down the Rhine. The First Army has driven swiftly to the middle of the Rhine and have struck within six miles of the river center city of Bonn. Patton’s Third Army, according to a German communique broadcast, has made a deep breach in the Nazi lines northeast of Kyllburg. Patton’s movements are largely blacked out, similar to the great secrecy prevailing during the great Rhine breakthrough. His nearest official* reported distance from Cob lenz is 44 mites. FORCES OF NIPS BEING BOTTLED UP Remnants on Luzon Attack ed from Ground, Air 90,000 Japs Killed By C. YATES McDANIEL , <AP War Correspondent) MANILA, March 6—Six Japanese divisions, perhaps 90,000 troops, of 10 divisions defending Luzon, have been destroyed, together with con siderable war material, and the re maining forces are bottled up In the mountains and are under con tinuous attack by forces and from the air, Gen. Douglas MacArthur announces. Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita's forces are still on this largest is land of the Philippines, but are split into a number of different groups and all of their positions are critical. Only yesterday, MacArthur an nounced. thousands of Japs have been cleaned out of Ilocos Norte Province, in Luzon’s northwest corner by guerrillas operating under American Army Officer Col. R. W. Volckman. On bloody Leyte, south of Luzon, more than 125,000 Japs were killed and this makes a total on the two islands alone of more than 215,000 Japanese troops killed, including some of the Japanese Empires beat. The largest single engagement In which the enemy sustained heavy losses, was the three-week-old battle of Manila. Slow enveloping movements against the Japanese mountain positions are reported.