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Deseret evening news. [volume] (Great Salt Lake City [Utah]) 1867-1920, December 30, 1899, Part 3, Image 18

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045555/1899-12-30/ed-1/seq-18/

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From the Earliest Ages Men Have Gelebrated the Day as an anOccasion anOccasion anOccasion
Occasion for Congratulations and Good Wishes
All notions twin to have agreed agreedTil
11 Til i ilnee the memory of man runneth not notto notIb nottu
to the contrary to observe the lint day dayof dayot dayof
of the year as nn occasion occa lon of festivity festivityand
and mutual good wishes When hen or how howthis howthis howibis
this oustom originated history does not nottell notloll nottell
tell It antedates history and extends extendsI
I I far back Into the age of fable Hun Hunreds IIundreds
1 reds of years before the dawn of the them theT theP
m Christian era It was being betn celebrated celebratedwith celbratlllwith
T with considerable pomp In many mnn parts purtsof I1rts I1rtsot
of the world worldBefore worldDotore worldfoforo
Before universal unh ersal calendars had been beenthought beenIho beenthought
thought Iho ght of as a remote possibility and andIhe andI andms
the beginning of the year varied as to ton totII todate
n tII I date In almost every part of the world worldthis worldthis worldthis
this first day of the new year was rue recognized rueognlzcd rocognized ¬
ognized as the ono great festival of oftho ottho ofthe
tho twelve months monthsTradition monthsTradition monthsTradition
Tradition tells that Numa who lived livednearly Ihcdnearly ltvedpearly
nearly eight centuries before Christ Christtfc
tfc celebrated a festival that was dedicated dedicatedrk dedicated dedlcnteJrk
rk to Janus on the first day of the month monthracred monthee monthraered
racred to the god On this occasion all allw allItomans allee
ee Romans Joined together to make the theati thon theair
air n Jay 5aya a merry morr one Sacrifices were made made1C m do do3C
to Janus and all mechanics and mon menof month monof
1C of letters began something In line with withtheir withtheIr withIh
th their trades or arts Tho cornerstones cornerstonesve
ve C of buildings were laid new enterprises enterprisesrci
rci were Inaugurated books mid nnl poems poemsivera poemsen
nero oro commenced and tho consuls who whocn whoesi
en had already been elected took their theires theirteals
es esi t teals tealske cats catsIce atske
ke The ancient Greeks began tho year yearr enr enrr
r about abo t the summer solstice or June 21 21Tho 2 2The 21The
The Persians also began their year yearIn
a In n June the Chinese In March and theelf the theAbysslnlans theAbYlIslnlnns
elf 11 Abysslnlans In n August The ancient ancllntI
111 I people p o le of Mexico had a calendar that thatflked thatIIxed thatrn
rn eked tho beginning of the year In Feb Februnry l Febto eb
10 runry runryiln runryIin
iln Early In the history of the Roman Romanhi
hi cople New Years Day was celebrated celebrated1m
1m I nl fn in n January There are traditions of ofic ofae
ic that age that are nr almost ns reliable as asnl nsnl asnl
nl history To say that the > day originated originatedre
re it t that time however would be a mis misj
j I take Long before that period whon whonou
ou the Roman calendar was In such an ana anal anal
a al incerialn condition that tho your oor someul some someul someul
times began in March and sometimes sometimesIn
In April 11r1I this festival was known and andcelebrated amIctlobratod andcelebrated
celebrated celebratedDRUID
In Northern Europe the custom of ofcelebrating otcelebNltlng ofcelebrating
celebrating tho first day dn of tho new newyear newPIr newyear
year PIr also antedates all history It was wasan wasan wasan
an old Druid festival that had been beenhanded beenhandPtl beenhanded
handed down through the centuries to tobe tobe tobe
be celebrated as a religious anniver annlvereary anniversary nnnlersary ¬
sary On thin occasion the priests went wentInto wentInto wentinto
Into the woods on tho lost night of the theyear theyear theyear
year to cut mistletoe with a golden goldenknife Itoldenknlte goldenknife
knife The twigs tl s with theIr berries berrieswere berrieswere berrieswere
were then distributed dl among tho peo people IJoopIe poopie ¬
pIe on New Years morning and It was wasthe wasthe tlS tlSthe
the popular belief that these gifts Irtl It 1Cworn Itworn itworn i
worn as an amulet would preserve itswearer Its Uswearer Itswearer
wearer against the danger of battle battleFrom battleFrom battleFrom
From this It can be s seen en that the cus custom custOIn custorn ¬
tom of observing the first day of the thonew thenew thenew
new year oor Is almost as old as humanity
Itself Tho customs of wishing each eachother eachother eachother
other a 1 happy new year and of present presentIng presentIng presentIng
Ing gifts upon this occasion are almost almostas
as ancient Both Dothorlglnated originated with the theRomans theRamans theRomans
Romans and from that country extended ex extended extended ¬
tended to other parts of the world worldIn
In the days of Titus Tatlus king of ofthe orthe ofthe
the Snblnes It t was the duty of every everyone ever everone everyone ¬
one to dismiss nil cnmltlus from his hisheart hishenrt hisheart
heart upon this day and to wish all allwith 011with allwith
with whom he came In contact a happy happynew
new year yearAt yearAt ear earAt
At this time It was also customary customnlto
to exchange gifts In honor of the day daybut dnybut daybut
but those gifts usually usunll consisted of a afew atew afew
few sprigs of vervain an aromatic aromaticshrub nromntloBhrub aromaticshrub
shrub closely resembling rosemary rosemarywhich tosemnrwhlcn rosemarywhich
which was gathered In a wood sacred sacredto
to Stream tho goddess of strength strengthThese strengthThe6C strengthThese
These gifts were called Strenac or gifts giftsof
of strength strengthIn
In the course of time this custom customchanged customchnngclt customchanged
changed nnd more elaborate remem rementbraaces remembrances remembrnnces ¬
brances took the place of the simple simpletribute Elmpletribute simpletribute
tribute At first grapes honey figs nnd nndother nndother andother
other fruits were presented but finally finallyeven tlnnll tlnnlleen finallyeven
even these presents became too small smallto
to be regarded with favor favorDuring tavorDuring favorDuring
During the reign of Augustus that
I Emperor expected such gifts as a right rightthe rightth rightthe
the th custom having been a most ancient ancientone nnolentonp
one oven at 1 t that time When Caligula Caligulawas
was ruling In Rome he even e n went so sofar EOfnr sofar
far as to issue an edict commanding commandingthe
the Roman nobility to make him pres presents presents presents ¬
ents of considerable value on qach New NewYears NewYear1I NewYears
Years Day
In Greece the New Years salutation salutationwas
was almost as a old as the festival Itself ItselfA lseHAI itselfAs
A AI soon as the day dawnod crowds croWl 8 of ofpeople otpeople ofpeople
people hurrlod from house to house housecrying housocrlng housecrying
crying out their wishes for a happy and andsuccessful andsuccessful andsuccessful
successful year At this time It was al a1so also ¬
so 0 customary that presents should be beexchanged lJeexchanged beexchanged
exchanged but as In ancient Rome Romethe Romethe
the gifts Ifts were of a simple character characterbits
bits of fruit packages of confections or orbunches orbunchlHl orbunches
bunches of flowers flowersAt
At about the same time similar customs cus customs oustoms ¬
toms followed In China although there therewere therewere therewere
were wide differences ns to the date seleeted se selected seIe ¬
lected Ie < tffl On this holiday howofer all allbusiness nilbulneslI allbusiness
business was suspended nnd every one onefelt onelelt onefelt
felt that It was his duty to entertain as aselaborately aselaborntely aselaborately
elaborately as his means would permit permitOn
On that day lIB therefore visits were weremade wcremade weremade
made from I house to house every everyone eeryone everyone ¬
one made merry mert and nil old scores scoresjf
jf < enmity were considered cancelled cancelledKverywhere cnncoUellrorywhero cancelledEverywhere
Everywhere the cry Cr was W S one very slmllar simi similar similar ¬
lar to tho Happy New Year saluta ealutation salutation enlutatlon ¬
tion of our own time timeIt
It would be interesting to know Just
how these customs originated for rec records records recorris ¬
ords of them have been found In al almost nlmost almost ¬
most every country on the globe sev several SC SCcml 30eras ¬
eras of which were practically out of ofreach otrcnch ofreach
reach of any of the Roman empire It ItIs ItIs it1s
Is somewhat a mystery therefore how howsuch howsuch howsuch
such customs cu toms could have penetratedfrom penetrated penetratedfrom
from one end of the world to the other otherTrackless otherTrackless otherTrackless
Trackless mountains and deserts de erts or orlimitless orIImltlllls orlimitless
limitless oceans were no obstacle ev everywhere C Cer ev everywhere ¬
erywhere er where tho one salutation was UI heard heardnnd he heardand rd rdnnd
nnd everywhere men and IIII women ex exchanged excbangtd exchanged ¬
changed their gifts at New Years YecrsIn
In old England the occasion of the thebirth thobirth thebirth
birth of n year ear was always celebrated celebratedwith
with great festivity Centuries ago It Itwas Itwas Itwas
was the custom to enjoy an Interchange
of Rifts and It was no uncommon thing thingfor thingrOI thingfor
for tho nobility to Join with the officials officialsof
of the State In the presentation of ofsome otsome ofsome
some valuable gifts to the sovereign sovereignScotland sovereignScotland sovereignScotland
Scotland Is s another country that almays al alwaya aIr1jj
mays has made a great deal of New NewYears NewYears NewYears
Years in that part r > art of the world the theday theda theday
day da was made an offlclal holiday and andeven nndeven andeven
even today toda the pomp and ceremony of oftho attho ofthe
tho olden times have not been forgot forgotten torgotten forgotten ¬
ten At the present time especially In InEdinburgh InEdlnburgb inEdinburgh
Edinburgh crowds gather to hear the thel thebells thebelle
l bells > ells at the old Tron Church C ring rln out outthe outtho Outthe
the passing yearWhen year yearWhen yearWhen
When the church clock shows mid midnight mIdI1lght middnight ¬
night n mighty cheer Is raised hand handshaking hllnllIIhaklng handshaking ¬
shaking becomes general and the old oldfalutatlou olllIILllItatlolJ oldsalutation
salutation VA happy new year ear Is Isheard s sheard sheard
heard on every every side On New Years Yearsevo Ycareo
eve in n Scotland It is still customary customaryfor
for bands of young men to go about the thecountry thecountry tolecountry
country singing songs suitable for the theseason theseason theseason
season and lagging alms which are af afterwards afterwards atterwards ¬
terwards to be distributed among the thepoor thepoor thepoor
poor of the districtWhile district districtWhile dlstrlltWhile
While New NewY Years < > Us is somewhat of a areligious nrollglous areligious
religious anniversary In n Scotland In InFrance InFmncl inFrance
France It has hn been observed under very verydifferentcircumstances v jr jrdlrterent ry rydifferent
differentcircumstances different olrlum circumstances tane the day being beingconspicuous beln belnconsplcuou beingconspicuous
conspicuous chiefly ohlen for the excesses of ofthose ofthole ofthose
those who are observing It In the old olddayn olddays
days 1111 In France men and women were werein weren lro lroIn
in n the habit of dressing In n fantastic fnntaatlccostumes fantasticcostumes fnnl atlc atlccoptumes
costumes nnd point about the country countrybogging countrboglng countryyhogging
bogging money Done for the sick lady ladyLargo IndYInrse ladyLarge
Largo gifts Itts were given as often as pos possible posIIlble posBible ¬
Bible and as In Scotland tho money moneyobtained mone moneobtnlned moneyobtained
obtained was afterwards divided by lJ the thobenevolent thelJeneolent thebenevolent
benevolent beggars among omon the needy needypoor need needpoor needyypoor
poor poorIn poorIn poorIn
In a similar manner customs for the thecelebration thecelebrntlon thecelebration
celebration of New Year prevail In Innil Innil Innil
nil countries Some of the customs are areImposing aroImposing areimposing
Imposing picturesque or novel but In Inalmost Inalmost inalmost
almost every ever case the old familiar sal salutation IInlltntloll salutation ¬
utation Is still used and the occasion occasionis
is made one of o gift giving givingCOMMERCIAL givingCOMMEltCIAL givingCOMMERCIAL
In the commercial world there ore ore2Cew nroXew areC
2Cew C Years days by the score and It ItIs ItIs Itis
Is not an unusual thing to find several severalconcerns sSernlconcorns severalconcerns
concerns in the came building who all alldate alldate alldate
date their correspondence In n tho usual usualform usualtorm usualform
form and according lcor lng to the recognized recognizedway
way but who have different days for forbeginning forbo forbeginning
beginning bo lnnlng their business year yearThese yearThese enr enrTh
These Th se New Years days however and andthe andthe andthe
the fact of their variation vnrln tlon are n rc the re result resuit tosuit ¬
suit partly of the nature of tho busi business buslness bbslnose ¬
ness and sometimes of the partnership partnershipagreements partnershipagreements nrtnershlpngreements
And the O Odd d Seasons at Which the First of the Year Yearin IJOl11 OOmes OOmesIn r t tin
in Di Different Diff ferent r lJt Lands
New Years Day although It t does not notcome notcorne notcome
come on the first of January In n every everycountry everycoulltr everycountry
country Is an Important day u upon on the thecalendar thecalendar thecalendar
calendar Some of the worlds great greatest great08t greatoat ¬
est events have ha taken place on the day dayylvhich daywhich d dhlch
which hlch marks the advent of a new year yeargroat yeMHroot yeargreat
great men and women have h e first seen seentho seenthe lrentho
tho light of this beautiful world on New NewYears rcwYears NOWYears
Years Day Dn others have died ns the thullay thullaycame day daycame daycame
came in and from tho earliest records recordsof
of celebration wo find notice of feast feastIngnnd lOllstIng feastIngand
Ingnnd Ing nnd Interchanging of t presents as asusages nsusages asusages
usages of the day dayGreat da daGreat dayGreat
Great Britain regards the first of ofJanuary otJnnual ofJanuary
January with historic interest since sinceit
it was on that day that the oorporallng oorporallngunion
union with Ireland was consummated consummatednnd
nnd the countries became known under underthe underthe underthe
the monarchal term of the United King Kingdom mngdom Kingdam ¬
dom of Groat Urltaln and Ireland Irelandtl Irelandtlthough Al Although I Ithough ¬
though the Irish Parliament voted the thelegislative theleglelat1c thelegislative
legislative union of the Emerald Isle Isleand Islennd Isleand
and Great Britain In HOD It was not notuntil notuntil notuntil
until 1S01 a year later that tho meas measure measUro mensare ¬
are went Into actual effect and the thecountries thecountries thecountries
countries became consolidated consolidatedIn
In our own country the first of Jan January January Jannary ¬
uary Is historic as the day upon which whichPresident whichPrlsldent whichIresident
President Lincoln In 1SG3 lllon Issued tho thoEmancipation thoEmnnclj1atlon theEmancilsaUmt
Emancipation Proclamation tho his history hlstor history ¬
tory tor of which Is well known knownFrance knowIIl knownFrauce
France l rnnoo has not shared the good ood for fortune tortune fortune ¬
tune of other count countries les as S far as hav having hlvIng havlag ¬
ing occasion for rejoicing on New NewYears NewYears NewYears
Years Day is concerned for the now nowyear IIOWear nowyear
year ear has hn dawned upon that land when whenthe Whenthe whenthe
the bloodiest revolution of the country countrywas countrywns countrywas
was rife and Rill she lost one of her best bestkings bestklncs bestkings
kings January 1 1515 at the death of ofLouts otLouis ofLouts
Louts XII He was one on of tho few soy soyerclgns sovereigns so soerllgns ¬
ereigns of whom all France was W S fond fondnnd fondnnd fondand
nnd although the last few months of ofMs othis ofhis
his life were embittered by an unhappymarriage unhappy unhappymarriage UnhAPPmarriage
marriage with Mary rar Tudor of England Englandelster Bnslandsliter Englandsister
sister of Henry VIII his reign was wascharacterized wnschnracterlzcd wascharacterized
characterized by b various reforms and nndimprovements andInprovements andlniprovements
improvements that male his name even evento oento evento
to this day reverenced by the French Frenchcommonalty Frenchcommonnlty Frenchcommonalty
commonalty as well as by Imperialists ImperialistsIt
It was on tho first of January 1651
that Charles lit was crowned In Scot Scotland ScotInnd Scotland ¬
land After the death den tit of his father fatherCharles tatherCharles fatherCharles
Charles I ho was compelled to C live In InEngland IngnClanil ini
England i ngiand and anI for reasons of state ns nswellas nswel11 aswell
wellas well as those of the church the Scotch Sqotchworn Scotchwore S tch tchworo
wore hnppy to grasp the opportunity of ofdeclaring oflloclnrlng ofdeclaring
declaring Charles 11 king fut It Is Isonly Isonly isonly
only just to England to add that thatCharles thntCharles thatCharles
Charles noted for hit bonhommle wit witand witand witand
and accessibility after a aJ1rlo period of In Intcnee Intonw intense
tense suffering and adversity gained gainedhis
his rightful possession of tho Englishthrone English Englishthrone Bngllshthrone
throne and ruled until his death In p 1GS1 1651Just 1GS1Just l6SJust
Just ad Great Britain Urltnlllanl1 and Ireland Irelandwere Irplnndwert Irelandwere
were celebrating their powerful alliance allianceIn
In 1S01 astronomers and students of tho thoheavenly thoheavenly theheavenly
heavenly bodies were treated to a sen sensntlon senM sensation
sntlon M tlon In tho discovery of a planet by byM byof
M it of riazzl the Sicilian scientist M bLYinzzl MPlnzzl MPlazzl
Plnzzl true to the love of mythology mythologywhich mythologywhich I Iwhich
which characterizes cllu cttrlzes his countrymen countrymennamed countrymennamed countrymennamed
named the new planet Ceres In honor honorof
of the goddess whom Sicilians hold In Inhigh Itlhigh Inhigh
high esteem They The represent her ns nsbeing n9being asbeing
being the cause of tho vast growths of ofgrain ofgrain ofart
grain and to as having first Introduced lire thoart tboart lireSicilian
art art of of agriculture agricultureSicilian agrlcultulCSlclllnn
Sicilian sculptors mould her In n nwatchful nwutchful awatchful
watchful attitude as If guarding their theirexcellent theirExcellent theirexcellent
excellent cerealsvegetables and fruits fruitsduring fruitsduring fruitsduring
during their development and the most mostperfect mostpertcrt mostperfect
perfect statues of the goddess in ex existence cxIstence x xIstence ¬
istence are the handiwork of artists artistsfrom nrt1atllfrom artistsrein
from rein the Mediterranean Island Ceres Cereshowever CereshOWIcr Cereshowever
however as n 1 planet Is of minor Im Importance Importance Importance ¬
portance for according to the best au authorities authorltles authoritles ¬
thorities of tho time Is Very diminutive diminu diminutive dlmlnutIe ¬
tive in size its diametrical dimensions dimensionsbeing dimensionsbeing lmenslonsbel
being bel liS less than 165 16 b miles milesAN milesAN milesAN
Diplomats who attend the reception receptionat
at the White House 1I0u Ilousoon e on New Years Day Dayivlll Daywill
ivlll recollect amidst their exchanges of ofcongratulations otongtlLtulations ofcongratulations
congratulations and happy wishes for forthe torthe forthe
the coining year that It Is just one hun hundred hundred hundred ¬
dred and nine years ears ago that the first firstNew firstNew firstNew
New Year reception was given by byPresident byPresident byPresident
President George Washington As to towhat tnwhat towhat
what tho weather conditions c of Jan January Januar Januar ¬
uary uar 1900 will be we are only left to
conjecture but a nt
oontimfmi tn
lent my fla a Wt that ORN on 1 nt rty r IHrt p d <
Y t
11 1150 90 The BUn sham L R I bYr 1
JlI u r t 1t1 h
splendor and the vui t r
like May Mn than that or J Ial ar nJl m mJourneying t
Journeying the OiKn Olh pr I i r V has
been within the Ia last t t h 0 or i 1
nine years eurs that Ntw N I illylgbt illylgbtnino LJr rr
s hay
colobratod on the first t Jail uu
Japan Up to Jaaary III
tin ti
q i 1 Jlo
had d ft 1 Jatnrta nrlt
calandur bawa lJIt w 11 n ii lunar
tern but this s S
war au 4 al anon n < I
si1 Il fur
Hregorjanu Hregorjanufar calendar and
far as the theThe Goernnl I t n seta y 1I rM a n a at
corned tho JSllllnelle II 011 t1 t con QI1
on Jllrll 1 1The 1The tear ar begin
The United States r rIts nOlI
rtrT r
Its business year ear on J Ja i iclpal
and rd
clpal State and P F1 i iand t tr I
and close In 8 tel
many Insun
0 3ur 3urThe s II
arl ar1LL
times timesThe timesThe tunesThe
The Russians too 1m 1mtheir h
their own and the V IV s Ylt y yra dar daro
juay va
tho Gregorian cnlendu
H Hnlzed
nlzed in cases when it itmatters It s ale illy j iy 1e1g feel 1
matters to begin
it oth h te L
T r
Russians Greeks
and > th
I rrle
ore u
are under the Czar bgir i gin their thgrje
January 13 13The 19The
The Jewish Jewl h New ew Years ptlrs Day DIi
In the fall of the y year par ir hot li ling a COn f
Ins ng to their calendar tl iw Ilr t pay rr 1
tho month of Tlschre and
9ffiBl omr
rates the anniversary of the creatlJ
It Is observed ohser d as a day of brav prayer
thanksgiving and for or utprss tu tjrh S
been made by the Jews a dj
day > rf r f fa
II lly reunion when good 1Bi fS
rsuiit r res s1 luti UUIII as fur
the year onr to come are adopted and
nh ahra bf
people who have departed in th the tear
that has gone are
d la i iprayer j
prayer prayerSo
So the years roll away aWa with n relent > w
less regularity but usages tSato remaIn the
same and this newspaper takes p plea ei
uro In follow following ng the very ery pleasant S cus
tom of wishing Its readers many
n reo
turns of the successes of the old oldand tear
and much happiness during the new
at atAt a1f
At f
u L u u L r

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